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In JoVE (1)
- Выбор и изоляция Колонии человека индуцированных плюрипотентных стволовых клеток из взрослых Перепрограммированный Фибробласты
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Sherman Ku in JoVE
Выбор и изоляция Колонии человека индуцированных плюрипотентных стволовых клеток из взрослых Перепрограммированный Фибробласты
Urszula Polak1,2, Calley Hirsch1, Sherman Ku3, Joel Gottesfeld3, Sharon Y.R. Dent1, Marek Napierala1
1Department of Molecular Carcinogenesis and Center for Cancer Epigenetics, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, 2Department of Cell Biology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 3Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute
Мы представляем протокол для эффективного перепрограммирования соматических клеток человека в человека индуцированных плюрипотентных стволовых клеток (hiPSC) с использованием ретровирусных векторов, кодирующих Oct3 / 4, Sox2, Klf4 и с-тус (OSKM) и определение правильно перепрограммировать hiPSC живой окрашивания Тра- 1-81 антител.
Other articles by Sherman Ku on PubMed
A Two-hit Mechanism for Pre-mitotic Arrest of Cancer Cell Proliferation by a Polyamide-alkylator Conjugate
Cell Cycle (Georgetown, Tex.). Jul, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16861886
A polyamide-chlorambucil conjugate (1R-Chl) arrests a wide range of human cancer cell lines at the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and downregulates histone H4c gene expression. However, an siRNA against H4c mRNA causes G1/S arrest. Here, we report that 1R-Chl downregulates H4c prior to G2/M arrest. G2/M arrest is the result of extensive DNA damage by 1R-Chl, which leads to phosphorylation of H2A.X at serine 139, recruitment of the Nbs1 repair protein, and a cascade of unknown events culminating with cdc2 phosphorylation at tyrosine 15 and abolishment of cdc2 kinase activity. A control polyamide-Chl conjugate, which neither binds to the H4c gene nor has an anti-proliferative effect by itself, causes G2/M arrest when cells are treated with siRNAs specific for H3 or H4c.
Friedreich's Ataxia Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Model Intergenerational GAA⋅TTC Triplet Repeat Instability
Cell Stem Cell. Nov, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21040903
The inherited neurodegenerative disease Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is caused by GAA⋅TTC triplet repeat hyperexpansions within the first intron of the FXN gene, encoding the mitochondrial protein frataxin. Long GAA⋅TTC repeats cause heterochromatin-mediated gene silencing and loss of frataxin in affected individuals. We report the derivation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from FRDA patient fibroblasts by transcription factor reprogramming. FXN gene repression is maintained in the iPSCs, as are the global gene expression signatures reflecting the human disease. GAA⋅TTC repeats uniquely in FXN in the iPSCs exhibit repeat instability similar to patient families, where they expand and/or contract with discrete changes in length between generations. The mismatch repair enzyme MSH2, implicated in repeat instability in other triplet repeat diseases, is highly expressed in pluripotent cells and occupies FXN intron 1, and shRNA silencing of MSH2 impedes repeat expansion, providing a possible molecular explanation for repeat expansion in FRDA.
Dynamic Changes in the Copy Number of Pluripotency and Cell Proliferation Genes in Human ESCs and IPSCs During Reprogramming and Time in Culture
Cell Stem Cell. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21211785
Genomic stability is critical for the clinical use of human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells. We performed high-resolution SNP (single-nucleotide polymorphism) analysis on 186 pluripotent and 119 nonpluripotent samples. We report a higher frequency of subchromosomal copy number variations in pluripotent samples compared to nonpluripotent samples, with variations enriched in specific genomic regions. The distribution of these variations differed between hESCs and hiPSCs, characterized by large numbers of duplications found in a few hESC samples and moderate numbers of deletions distributed across many hiPSC samples. For hiPSCs, the reprogramming process was associated with deletions of tumor-suppressor genes, whereas time in culture was associated with duplications of oncogenic genes. We also observed duplications that arose during a differentiation protocol. Our results illustrate the dynamic nature of genomic abnormalities in pluripotent stem cells and the need for frequent genomic monitoring to assure phenotypic stability and clinical safety.