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In JoVE (2)
Other Publications (3)
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Articles by Sophie S. Darwiche in JoVE
נפח קבוע או לחץ קבוע: מודל Murine של הלם Hemorrhagic
Lauryn K. Kohut, Sophie S. Darwiche, John M. Brumfield, Alicia M. Frank, Timothy R. Billiar
Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh
המודל הלם Hemorrhagic כבר משאב אמין לשחזור להקל על זיהוי והבנה של מפלי איתות הקשורים לדלקת קצה איבר נזק לאחר טראומה. מאמר זה מספק תיאור צעד אחר צעד של היבטים כירורגית מכניים הקשורים בהליך ניסיוני Hemorrhagic הלם בעכברים.
Pseudofracture: טראומה חריפה היקפיים דגם רקמות
Sophie S. Darwiche1, Philipp Kobbe2, Roman Pfeifer2, Lauryn Kohut1, Hans-Christoph Pape2, Timothy Billiar1
1Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Aachen Medical Center
Pseudofracture, מודל Murine לשחזור הטראומה שרירים ושלד סטרילי, מאפשרת הערכה של המנוח פוסט טראומטית התגובות טווח החיסונית. מאמר זה מתאר את נוהלי ביצוע של צעד אחר צעד את המודל, כולל פוטנציאל שילובים מודל ניסיוני כדי לאפשר לימוד של טראומה מרובים.
Other articles by Sophie S. Darwiche on PubMed
Disease Progression Following Imatinib Failure in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors: Role of Surgical Therapy
The Oncologist. Apr, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17470686
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) represent the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the GI tract. The optimal management of GISTs has been evolving rapidly over the past 5 years and depends on proper histopathologic and radiologic diagnosis as well as appropriate multidisciplinary medical and surgical treatments. Complete surgical resection of primary localized GIST with negative margins remains the best therapeutic option today. In the setting of locally advanced or metastatic disease, imatinib mesylate has emerged as the initial treatment of choice, administered either as cytoreductive or as definitive treatment. Surgery or ablative modalities in this setting are becoming increasingly employed, particularly when all disease becomes amenable to gross resection or destruction, or to manage complications arising from the disease following imatinib failure. We report on the surgical management of an unusual and clinically significant complication following progression of disease secondary to imatinib resistance. The role of surgical therapy in the management of GIST complications following resistance to imatinib and the integration of surgical and molecular therapy of locally advanced or metastatic GISTs are discussed.
Role of Hemorrhage in the Induction of Systemic Inflammation and Remote Organ Damage: Analysis of Combined Pseudo-fracture and Hemorrhagic Shock
Journal of Orthopaedic Research : Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society. Feb, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20690183
This study was performed to analyze the role of hemorrhage-induced hypotension in the induction of systemic inflammation and remote organ dysfunction. Male C57/BL6 mice (6- to 10-week old and 20-30 g) were used. Animals were either subjected to pseudo-fracture [PF; standardized soft-tissue injury and injection of crushed bone, PF group: n = 9], or PF combined with hemorrhagic shock (HS + PF group: n = 6). Endpoint was 6 h. Systemic inflammation was assessed by IL-6 and IL-10 levels. Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and NF-κB activity in the lung and liver tissue were obtained to assess remote organ damage. The increases of systemic cytokines are similar for animals subjected to PF and PF + HS (IL-6: 189 pg/ml ± 32.5 vs. 160 pg/ml ± 5.3; IL-10: 60.3 pg/ml ± 15.8 vs. 88 pg/ml ± 32.4). Furthermore, the features (ALT; NF-κB) of liver injury are equally elevated in mice subjected to PF (76.9 U/L ± 4.5) and HS + PF (80 U/L ± 5.5). Lung injury, addressed by MPO activity was more severe in group HS + PF (2.95 ng/ml ± 0.32) than in group PF (1.21 ng/ml ± 0.2). Both PF and additional HS cause a systemic inflammatory response. In addition, hemorrhage seems to be associated with remote affects on the lung.
The Journal of Surgical Research. Apr, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21276982
Post-traumatic inflammatory changes have been identified as major causes of altered organ function and failure. Both hemorrhage and soft tissue damage induce these inflammatory changes. Exposure to heterologous bone in animal models has recently been shown to mimic this inflammatory response in a stable and reproducible fashion. This follow-up study tests the hypothesis that inflammatory responses are comparable between a novel trauma model ("pseudofracture", PFx) and a bilateral femur fracture (BFF) model.