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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (1)
Articles by Sowmya P. Lakshmi in JoVE
Murine Model of Allergen Induced Asthma
Aravind T. Reddy, Sowmya P. Lakshmi, Raju C. Reddy
Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, Emory University and Atlanta VA Medical Center
Experimental mouse models of allergic asthma offer new possibilities for studying disease pathogenesis and developing new therapeutics. These models are well suited to measuring factors governing the allergic immune response, airway inflammation, and pulmonary pathophysiology.
Other articles by Sowmya P. Lakshmi on PubMed
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. Apr, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20100510
It is well established that a sequence template along with the database is a powerful tool for identifying the biological function of proteins. Here, we describe a method for predicting the catalytic nature of certain proteins among the several protein structures deposited in the Protein Data Bank (PDB). For the present study, we considered a catalytic triad template (Ser-His-Asp) found in serine proteases. We found that a geometrically optimized active site template can be used as a highly selective tool for differentiating an active protein among several inactive proteins, based on their Ser-His-Asp interactions. For any protein to be proteolytic in nature, the bond angle between Ser O(gamma)-Ser H(gamma)...His N(epsilon2) in the catalytic triad needs to be between 115 degrees and 140 degrees. The hydrogen bond distance between Ser H(gamma)...His N(epsilon2) is more flexible in nature and it varies from 2.0 A to 2.7 A while in the case of His H(delta1)...Asp O(delta1), it is from 1.6A to 2.0 A. In terms of solvent accessibility, most of the active proteins lie in the range of 10-16 A(2), which enables easy accessibility to the substrate. These observations hold good for most catalytic triads and they can be employed to predict proteolytic nature of these catalytic triads.