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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (3)
Articles by Suman Bose in JoVE
Studying Cell Rolling Trajectories on Asymmetric Receptor Patterns
Chia-Hua Lee1, Suman Bose2, Krystyn J. Van Vliet1, Jeffrey M. Karp3, Rohit Karnik2
1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 3HST Center for Biomedical Engineering and Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School
We describe a protocol to observe and analyze cell rolling trajectories on asymmetric receptor-patterned substrates. The resulting data are useful for engineering of receptor-patterned substrates for label-free cell separation and analysis.
Other articles by Suman Bose on PubMed
Biophysical Journal. Dec, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21156128
Cell rolling on the vascular endothelium plays an important role in trafficking of leukocytes, stem cells, and cancer cells. We describe a semianalytical model of cell rolling that focuses on the microvillus as the unit of cell-substrate interaction and integrates microvillus mechanics, receptor clustering, force-dependent receptor-ligand kinetics, and cortical tension that enables incorporation of cell body deformation. Using parameters obtained from independent experiments, the model showed excellent agreement with experimental studies of neutrophil rolling on P-selectin and predicted different regimes of cell rolling, including spreading of the cells on the substrate under high shear. The cortical tension affected the cell-surface contact area and influenced the rolling velocity, and modulated the dependence of rolling velocity on microvillus stiffness. Moreover, at the same shear stress, microvilli of cells with higher cortical tension carried a greater load compared to those with lower cortical tension. We also used the model to obtain a scaling dependence of the contact radius and cell rolling velocity under different conditions of shear stress, cortical tension, and ligand density. This model advances theoretical understanding of cell rolling by incorporating cortical tension and microvillus extension into a versatile, semianalytical framework.
Nature Nanotechnology. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21765401
The ability to explore cell signalling and cell-to-cell communication is essential for understanding cell biology and developing effective therapeutics. However, it is not yet possible to monitor the interaction of cells with their environments in real time. Here, we show that a fluorescent sensor attached to a cell membrane can detect signalling molecules in the cellular environment. The sensor is an aptamer (a short length of single-stranded DNA) that binds to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and contains a pair of fluorescent dyes. When bound to PDGF, the aptamer changes conformation and the dyes come closer to each other, producing a signal. The sensor, which is covalently attached to the membranes of mesenchymal stem cells, can quantitatively detect with high spatial and temporal resolution PDGF that is added in cell culture medium or secreted by neighbouring cells. The engineered stem cells retain their ability to find their way to the bone marrow and can be monitored in vivo at the single-cell level using intravital microscopy.
Langmuir : the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21141947
The lateral displacement of cells orthogonal to a flow stream by rolling on asymmetrical receptor patterns presents a new opportunity for the label-free separation and analysis of cells. Understanding the nature of cell rolling trajectories on such substrates is necessary to the engineering of substrates and the design of devices for cell separation and analysis. Here, we investigate the statistical nature of cell rolling and the effect of pattern geometry and flow shear stress on cell rolling trajectories using micrometer-scale patterns of biomolecular receptors with well-defined edges. Leukemic myeloid HL60 cells expressing the PSGL-1 ligand were allowed to flow across a field of patterned lines fabricated using microcontact printing and functionalized with the P-selectin receptor, leveraging both the specific adhesion of this ligand-receptor pair and the asymmetry of the receptor pattern inclination angle with respect to the fluid shear flow direction (α = 5, 10, 15, and 20°). The effects of the fluid shear stress magnitude (τ = 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2.0 dyn/cm(2)), α, and P-selectin incubation concentration were quantified in terms of the rolling velocity and edge tracking length. Rolling cells tracked along the inclined edges of the patterned lines before detaching and reattaching on another line. The detachment of rolling cells after tracking along the edge was consistent with a Poisson process of history-independent interactions. Increasing the edge inclination angle decreased the edge tracking length in an exponential manner, contrary to the shear stress magnitude and P-selectin incubation concentration, which did not have a significant effect. On the basis of these experimental data, we constructed an empirical model that predicted the occurrence of the maximum lateral displacement at an edge angle of 7.5°. We also used these findings to construct a Monte Carlo simulation for the prediction of rolling trajectories of HL60 cells on P-selectin-patterned substrates with a specified edge inclination angle. The prediction of lateral displacement in the range of 200 μm within a 1 cm separation length supports the feasibility of label-free cell separation via asymmetric receptor patterns in microfluidic devices.