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In JoVE (1)
- Ice Cap: Um Método para Crescer Arabidopsis Plantas e tomate em placas de 96 poços para High-Throughput Genotipagem
Other Publications (2)
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Articles by Susan M. Bush in JoVE
Ice Cap: Um Método para Crescer Arabidopsis Plantas e tomate em placas de 96 poços para High-Throughput Genotipagem
Shih-Heng Su1, Katie A. Clark2, Nicole M. Gibbs1, Susan M. Bush1, Patrick J. Krysan1
1Horticulture Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2Department of Zoology, Oregon State University
O método Ice Cap-permite cultivar plantas em placas de 96 poços e não-destrutiva do tecido raiz colheita de cada muda. DNA extraído dessa raiz tecido pode ser usado para reações de genotipagem. Descobrimos que Ice Cap-funciona bem para
Other articles by Susan M. Bush on PubMed
Mutational Evidence That the Arabidopsis MAP Kinase MPK6 is Involved in Anther, Inflorescence, and Embryo Development
Journal of Experimental Botany. 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17519351
Loss-of-function, dominant-negative, and change-of-function genetic approaches were used to investigate the role played by the Arabidopsis mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase MPK6 throughout development. Plants homozygous for T-DNA null alleles of MPK6 displayed reduced male fertility and abnormal anther development. In addition, a portion of the seed produced by mpk6 plants was found to contain embryos that had burst out of their seed coats. To address potential functional redundancy, a dominant-negative version of MPK6 was constructed by changing the TEY activation loop motif to the amino acid sequence AEF. Plants expressing MPK6AEF via the MPK6 native promoter were found to produce excessive stomata, consistent with the recently described role of MPK6 in stomatal patterning. A novel floral phenotype characterized by abnormal sepal development was also observed in MPK6AEF lines. The gene expression pattern of the MPK6 native promoter was determined using a YFP-MPK6 fusion construct, and expression was observed throughout most plant tissues, consistent with a role for MPK6 in multiple developmental processes. The YFP-MPK6 construct was found to rescue the fertility phenotype of mpk6 null alleles, indicating that the fusion protein retains its biological activity. It was also observed, however, that plants expressing YFP-MPK6 displayed reduced apical dominance and a shortening of inflorescence internodes. These results suggest that the YFP tag modifies the activity of MPK6 in a manner that affects inflorescence development but not anther development. Taken together, the present results indicate that MPK6 is involved in the regulation of multiple aspects of plant development.
Plant Physiology. Sep, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20668060
TILLING (for Targeting Induced Local Lesions IN Genomes) is a well-established method for identifying plants carrying point mutations in genes of interest. A traditional TILLING project requires a significant investment of time and resources to establish the mutant population and screening infrastructure. Here, we describe a modified TILLING procedure that substantially reduces the investment needed to perform mutation screening. Our motivation for developing iTILLING was to make it practical for individual laboratories to rapidly perform mutation screens using specialized genetic backgrounds. With iTILLING, M2 seeds are collected in bulk from the mutagenized population of plants, greatly reducing the labor needed to manage the mutant lines. Growth of the M2 seedlings for mutation screening, tissue collection, and DNA extraction are all performed in 96-well format. Mutations are then identified using high-resolution melt-curve analysis of gene-specific polymerase chain reaction products. Individual plants carrying mutations of interest are transferred from the 96-well growth plates to soil. One scientist can complete an iTILLING screen in less than 4 months. As a proof-of-principle test, we applied iTILLING to Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) plants that were homozygous for the mekk1-1 (for MAPK/ERK kinase kinase 1) mutation and also carried a MEKK1 rescue construct. The goal of our screen was to identify mutations in the closely linked MEKK2 and MEKK3 loci. We obtained five mutations in MEKK2 and seven mutations in MEKK3, all located within 20 kb of the mekk1-1 T-DNA insertion. Using repeated iterations of the iTILLING process, mutations in three or more tandemly duplicated genes could be generated.