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In JoVE (1)
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Articles by Susanna Stjerna in JoVE
Erken EEG: A Multimodal Nörofizyolojik Protokolü
Susanna Stjerna1, Juha Voipio2, Marjo Metsäranta3, Kai Kaila2,4, Sampsa Vanhatalo1
1Department of Children's Clinical Neurophysiology, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, 2Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, 3Department of Pediatrics, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, 4Neuroscience Center, University of Helsinki
Bu video neonatal EEG aktivitesi arka kuramı ve yenidoğan yoğun bakım ünitesinde kendi kayıt canlı bir gösteri izledi duyusal tepkileri, açıklıyor.
Other articles by Susanna Stjerna on PubMed
Evaluation of an Easy, Standardized and Clinically Practical Method (SurePrep) for the Preparation of Electrode-skin Contact in Neurophysiological Recordings
Physiological Measurement. Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20505217
The aim of this study was to assess the practicality, reliability and safety of a recently introduced method of skin preparation for EEG recordings. We compared the traditional skin abrasion (SA) method to a method called SurePrep (SP), which creates tiny incisions through the upper epithelial layers. The study comprised three parts. In part 1, forearm recordings (n = 400; ten healthy volunteers) were conducted to examine acute and late (24 h) impedances, skin reactions, as well as the effects on electrode movement artefacts. In part 2, the effect of repeated (up to nine) SP sticks on impedances was examined on the forearm skin in two subjects (n = 99). In part 3, preparation speed and skin impedances were measured from preparation of a standard EEG cap in four subjects (n = 74). Immediately after preparation, skin impedances were a little lower (n.s.) after SA, but the variability in impedances was significantly less after SP (p < 0.01). After one day, there was no mean impedance difference but a greater proportion of SP sites were >10 kOmega. The frequency of immediate skin irritations (93.5%) was much higher after SA compared to 42.5% after SP, but there was no clinically significant difference observed after one day. The SP method exposed interstitial fluid in 5% of cases, while SA caused a wound-like lesion in 4.5% of the sites. No macroscopic blood was observed in any case (n = 400). Three sticks with the SP device produced clinically sufficient (<10 kOmega) impedances in 85% of the cases, and a total of five to six sticks secured a sufficient skin contact in all skin sites examined (n = 99). Preparation of skin contacts in the EEG cap was faster by SP compared to SA in all four study subjects. Our results demonstrate that skin contacts of sufficient quality can be reliably, easily and quickly prepared by the SP method. SP is a useful alternative for EEG recordings in general, although SA may provide the slightly better preserved skin contacts needed for long-term recordings. Notably, SP could facilitate emergency care units, peripheral hospitals and after-hours EEG acquisition by people without special EEG training.