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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (7)
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Articles by Tanner Nevill in JoVE
التصاق وتكدس الصفيحات تحت التدفق باستخدام خلايا تدفق ميكروفلويديك
Carolyn G. Conant, Michael A. Schwartz, Tanner Nevill, Cristian Ionescu-Zanetti
Fluxion Biosciences, Inc.
التصاق الصفائح الدموية في تتالي يحدث في وجود تدفق القص ، وهو عامل لا تحتسب في المقايسات التقليدية جيدا لوحة (ثابتة). هذه المقالة على تقارير الفحص الصفيحات التجميع ، وذلك باستخدام لوحة ميكروفلويديك جيدا تنسيق لمحاكاة الظروف الفسيولوجية تدفق القص.
Other articles by Tanner Nevill on PubMed
Lab on a Chip. Dec, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 18030388
We present an integrated microfluidic cell culture and lysis platform for automated cell analysis that improves on systems which require multiple reagents and manual procedures. Through the combination of previous technologies developed in our lab (namely, on-chip cell culture and electrochemical cell lysis) we have designed, fabricated, and characterized an integrated microfluidic platform capable of culturing HeLa, MCF-7, Jurkat, and CHO-K1 cells for up to five days and subsequently lysing the cells without the need to add lysing reagents. On-demand lysis was accomplished by local hydroxide ion generation within microfluidic chambers, releasing both proteinacious (GFP) and genetic (Hoescht-stained DNA) material. Sample proteins exposed to the electrochemical lysis conditions were immunodetectable (p53) and their enzymatic activity (HRP) was investigated.
A Low-cost, Manufacturable Method for Fabricating Capillary and Optical Fiber Interconnects for Microfluidic Devices
Lab on a Chip. Apr, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18369517
Microfluidic chips require connections to larger macroscopic components, such as light sources, light detectors, and reagent reservoirs. In this article, we present novel methods for integrating capillaries, optical fibers, and wires with the channels of microfluidic chips. The method consists of forming planar interconnect channels in microfluidic chips and inserting capillaries, optical fibers, or wires into these channels. UV light is manually directed onto the ends of the interconnects using a microscope. UV-curable glue is then allowed to wick to the end of the capillaries, fibers, or wires, where it is cured to form rigid, liquid-tight connections. In a variant of this technique, used with light-guiding capillaries and optical fibers, the UV light is directed into the capillaries or fibers, and the UV-glue is cured by the cone of light emerging from the end of each capillary or fiber. This technique is fully self-aligned, greatly improves both the quality and the manufacturability of the interconnects, and has the potential to enable the fabrication of interconnects in a fully automated fashion. Using these methods, including a semi-automated implementation of the second technique, over 10,000 interconnects have been formed in almost 2000 microfluidic chips made of a variety of rigid materials. The resulting interconnects withstand pressures up to at least 800psi, have unswept volumes estimated to be less than 10 femtoliters, and have dead volumes defined only by the length of the capillary.
Lab on a Chip. Aug, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19636464
Chemical gradients that run axially in a microfluidic channel often contain undesirable high-frequency concentration variations, or noise, that results from mechanical and thermal fluctuations in the system. In this paper, we describe a passive microfluidic component called an 'expansion channel' (EC), that removes high frequency noise through axial dispersion. We show that the behavior of the filter can be modeled analytically, using an expression for the transfer function of the microfluidic channel, derived by Xie et al. (Y. W. Xie, L. Chen and C. H. Mastrangelo, Lab Chip, 2008, 8, 907-912). The use of ECs to remove noise from gradients formed in enyzmatic assays in a microfluidic channel is demonstrated. The resulting data quality is improved which enables better fits to chemical models and more accurate analysis. ECs should be very effective in removing noise from axial concentration gradients found in many microfluidic applications, e.g. liquid chromatography, biochemistry, and chemotaxis studies.
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. Aug, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20927185
A device for continuous differential impedance analysis of single cells held by a hydrodynamic cell trapping is presented. Measurements are accomplished by recording the current from two closely-situated electrode pairs, one empty (reference) and one containing a cell. We demonstrate time-dependent measurement of single cell impedance produced in response to dynamic chemical perturbations. First, the system is used to assay the response of HeLa cells to the effects of the surfactant Tween, which reduces the impedance of the trapped cells in a concentration dependent way and is interpreted as gradual lysis of the cell membrane. Second, the effects of the bacterial pore-forming toxin, Streptolysin-O are measured: a transient exponential decay in the impedance is recorded as the cell membrane becomes increasingly permeable. The decay time constant is inversely proportional to toxin concentration (482, 150, and 30 s for 0.1, 1, and 10 kU/ml, respectively). ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL: The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s10404-009-0534-2) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
IonFlux: a Microfluidic Patch Clamp System Evaluated with Human Ether-à-go-go Related Gene Channel Physiology and Pharmacology
Assay and Drug Development Technologies. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21561375
Ion channel assays are essential in drug discovery, not only for identifying promising new clinical compounds, but also for minimizing the likelihood of potential side effects. Both applications demand optimized throughput, cost, and predictive accuracy of measured membrane current changes evoked or modulated by drug candidates. Several competing electrophysiological technologies are available to address this demand, but important gaps remain. We describe the industrial application of a novel microfluidic-based technology that combines compounds, cells, and buffers on a single, standard well plate. Cell trapping, whole cell, and compound perfusion are accomplished in interconnecting microfluidic channels that are coupled to pneumatic valves, which emancipate the system from robotics, fluidic tubing, and associated maintenance. IonFlux™ is a state-of-the-art, compact system with temperature control and continuous voltage clamp for potential application in screening for voltage- and ligand-gated ion channel modulators. Here, ensemble recordings of the IonFlux system were validated with the human Ether-à-go-go related gene (hERG) channel (stably expressed in a Chinese hamster ovary cell line), which has established biophysical and pharmacological characteristics in other automated planar patch systems. We characterized the temperature dependence of channel activation and its reversal potential. Concentration response characteristics of known hERG blockers and control compounds obtained with the IonFlux system correlated with literature and internal data obtained on this cell line with the QPatch HT system. Based on the biophysical and pharmacological data, we conclude that the IonFlux system offers a novel, versatile, automated profiling, and screening system for ion channel targets with the benefit of temperature control.
Well Plate Microfluidic System for Investigation of Dynamic Platelet Behavior Under Variable Shear Loads
Biotechnology and Bioengineering. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21702026
The study of platelet behavior in real-time under controlled shear stress offers insights into the underlying mechanisms of many vascular diseases and enables evaluation of platelet-focused therapeutics. The two most common methods used to study platelet behavior at the vessel wall under uniform shear flow are parallel plate flow chambers and cone-plate viscometers. Typically, these methods are difficult to use, lack experimental flexibility, provide low data content, are low in throughput, and require large reagent volumes. Here, we report a well plate microfluidic (WPM)-based system that offers high throughput, low reagent consumption, and high experimental flexibility in an easy to use well plate format. The system consists of well plates with an integrated array of microfluidic channels, a pneumatic interface, an automated microscope, and software. This WPM system was used to investigate dynamic platelet behavior under shear stress. Multiple channel designs are presented and tested for shear loads with whole blood to determine their applicability to study thrombus formation. Normal physiological shear (0.1-20 dyn/cm(2) ) and pathological shear (20-200 dyn/cm(2) ) devices were used to study platelet behavior in vitro under various shear, matrix coating, and monolayer conditions. The high physiological relevance, low blood consumption, and increased throughput create a valuable technique available to vascular biology researchers. The approach also has extensibility to other research areas including inflammation, cancer biology, and developmental/stem cell research.
Journal of Laboratory Automation. Apr, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21609696
Shear stress plays a critical role in regulating platelet adhesion and thrombus formation at the site of vascular injury. As such, platelets are often examined in vitro under controlled shear flow conditions for their hemostatic and thrombotic functions. Common shear-based platelet analyses include the evaluation of genetic mutants, inhibitory or experimental compounds, matrix substrates, and the effects of different physiological and pathological shear forces. There are several laboratory instruments widely used for studying shear flow, including cone and plate viscometers and parallel plate perfusion chambers. These technologies vary widely in the types of samples, substrates, blood volumes, and throughput that are involved. Here, we describe a microfluidic system for platelet analysis under shear flow. We used the devices to study thrombus formation on collagen I and von Willebrand factor. The system was also used to investigate dose response to the antiplatelet compound, Abciximab, under shear flow conditions with an emphasis on maximizing the number of data points per single patient sample. The presented method confers multiple advantages over conventional approaches. These include the ability to assess up to 24 conditions simultaneously in real time, maintain identical physical conditions across experiments, and use extremely low donor volumes.