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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Teresa Sczepan in JoVE
Lectin-based Isolation and Culture of Mouse Embryonic Motoneurons
Rebecca Conrad1, Sibylle Jablonka2, Teresa Sczepan1, Michael Sendtner2, Stefan Wiese1, Alice Klausmeyer1
1Institute for Cellmorphology and molecular Neurobiology, Group for Cellbiology, Ruhr-University Bochum, 2Institute for Clinical Neurobiology, University of Wuerzburg
An alternative way of isolating mouse embryonic motoneurons from the spinal cord is described. The method takes into account the fact that lectin can bind to the low affinity nerve growth factor receptor p75NTR. This lectin-based preplating allows a purification similar to that with a specific antibody against the p75NTR.
Other articles by Teresa Sczepan on PubMed
Parkinson's Disease. 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20976083
Accumulation of α-synuclein is observed in neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's disease and Multiple System Atrophy. In previous studies with transgenic C57BL/6 mice overexpressing α-synuclein carrying the mutations A53T and A30P found in Parkinson's disease or with a parkin-null background, we reported severe mitochondrial impairments in neurons and to a larger extent in glial cells of the mesencephalon. Neuron death was not observed in the brain. Here we show that the mice show severe motor impairments in behavioral tests. In addition, these mice exhibit astrocytic cell death in the spinal cord, accompanied by extensive gliosis and microglial activation. This is shown by cell death staining and immunohistochemistry. Ultrastructural analyses revealed severe mitochondrial impairments not only in astrocytes, but also in oligodendrocytes and, to a small extent, in neurons. Thus, the transgenic mice show a profound pathology in glial cells of the spinal cord.
Human Molecular Genetics. Mar, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21212098
We recently described mitochondrial pathology in neurons of transgenic mice with genes associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). Now we describe severe mitochondrial damage in glial cells of the mesencephalon in mice carrying a targeted deletion of parkin (PaKO) or overexpressing doubly mutated human alpha-synuclein (asyn). The number of mitochondria with altered morphology in glial cells is cell type-dependent, but always higher than in neurons. Interestingly, mitochondrial damage also occurs in mesencephalic glia of mice carrying mutated asyn controlled by the tyrosine hydroxylase promoter. Such mice do not show glial expression of the transgene, but show expression in neighboring neurons. However, we found strong overexpression of endogenous asyn in mesencephalic astrocytes from these mice. Cortical astrocytes neither display enhanced asyn expression nor mitochondrial damage. Cultivated mesencephalic astrocytes from newborn transgenic mice display various functional defects along with the morphological damage of mitochondria. First, the mitochondrial Ca(2+)-storage capacity is reduced in asyn transgenic mesencephalic astrocytes, but not in astrocytes from PaKO. Second, the expression of the mitochondrial protein PTEN-induced putative kinase is constitutively increased in asyn transgenic mice, while in PaKO it reacts to oxidative stress by overexpressing this protein along with other mitochondria-related proteins. Third, the neurotrophic effects exerted by control astrocytes, stimulating cortical neurons from healthy mice to develop longer processes and larger neuronal areas, are lacking in co-cultures with transgenic mesencephalic astrocytes. In summary, glial mitochondria from transgenic mice display morphological and functional alterations. Such transgenic astrocytes fail to influence neuronal differentiation, reflecting an important role that glia may play in PD pathogenesis.