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In JoVE (1)
- Application of Light-cured Dental Adhesive Resin for Mounting Electrodes or Microdialysis Probes in Chronic Experiments
Other Publications (11)
- Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
- Rinsho Byori. The Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
- Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases
- Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
- Critical Care (London, England)
- Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
- Chūdoku Kenkyū : Chūdoku Kenkyūkai Jun Kikanshi = The Japanese Journal of Toxicology
- Neural Networks : the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
- Chūdoku Kenkyū : Chūdoku Kenkyūkai Jun Kikanshi = The Japanese Journal of Toxicology
- Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
- Neuroscience Research
Articles by Tetsu Okumura in JoVE
Application of Light-cured Dental Adhesive Resin for Mounting Electrodes or Microdialysis Probes in Chronic Experiments
Tetsu Okumura1, Kazuo Okanoya2, Jun Tani1
1Laboratory for Behavior and Dynamic Cognition, Brain Science Institute, RIKEN, 2Laboratory for Biolinguistics, Brain Science Institute, RIKEN
In this report, we propose a new application of light-curing dental resins for mounting base of electrodes or microdialysis probes in chronic experiments. This material allows direct bonding to the cranium.
Other articles by Tetsu Okumura on PubMed
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. Jul-Sep, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 15141857
During the last decade, Japan has experienced the largest burden of chemical terrorism-related events in the world, including the: (1) 1994 Matsumoto sarin attack; (2) 1995 Tokyo subway sarin attack; (3) 1998 Wakayama arsenic incident; (4) 1998 Niigata sodium-azide incident; and (5) 1998 Nagano cyanide incident. Two other intentional cyanide releases in Tokyo subway and railway station restrooms were thwarted in 1995. These events spurred Japan to improve the following components of its chemical disaster-response system: (1) scene demarcation; (2) emergency medical care; (3) mass decontamination; (4) personal protective equipment; (5) chemical detection; (6) information-sharing and coordination; and (7) education and training. Further advances occurred as result of potential chemical terrorist threats to the 2000 Kyushu-Okinawa G8 Summit, which Japan hosted. Today, Japan has an integrated system of chemical disaster response that involves local fire and police services, local emergency medical services (EMS), local hospitals, Japanese Self-Defense Forces, and the Japanese Poison Information Center.
[Laboratory Medicine in the Field of Emergency Medicine and Disaster Medicine--Old-And-New Tools of Emergency Medical Service]
Rinsho Byori. The Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology. Jun, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15283165
We reviewed the characteristics of the field of laboratory medicine concerning emergency medicine and disaster medicine. Gram's stain was apt to be made light of by clinicians, but it has been reviewed again. A modern sophisticated analysis system is expected for the consequence management of NBC terrorism and mass poisoning, but we would like to emphasize the importance of the basic physical strength of laboratory medicine, such as Gram's stain, to the meaning of old-and-new technology.
Kansenshōgaku Zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases. Jan, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15103897
We report a 32-year-old female with eating disorder whose body weight was only 20 kg. She was admitted to the hospital with severe low nutrition, low proteinemia, liver dysfunction, hypokalemia and hypoglycemia. On the third hospital day, she had a high fever and Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (C. fetus) was isolated from the blood. After treatment with meropenem (1 g/day) intravenous drip injection, her condition improved. C. fetus sepsis is not common disease in Japan. A review of 37 cases of this disease in Japan revealed that the age range of adult patients was 20 to 60 years old. The male-to-female ratio was 4.6 to 1.0. Seventy-eight percent of the patients had underlying diseases which were composed of 11 patients with liver disease, 6 patients with blood dyscrasia and some with diabetes mellitus, heart disease, other malignant tumor and collagen disease. There was no case with eating disorder. All apparent sources of infection in Japan originate from eating raw food. Gastrointestinal symptoms were observed in only 16% of the patients. Recent recommendations for the treatment of C. fetus sepsis are to use gentamicin, imipenem and meropenem. Some strains of C. fetus have resistance to erythromycin, ciprofloxacin. The mortality of this infection is 14% in Japan.
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. May, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 21783510
The Tokyo subway sarin attack was the second documented incident of nerve gas poisoning in Japan. The St. Luke's International Hospital received 640 patients on the day of the attack. Reduction in plasma cholinesterase (ChE) activity was generally associated with the severity of acute signs of toxicity. With time and treatment, the value rose quickly. To evaluate possible residual signs of symptoms 1 year after the attack, we sent questionnaires to the victims; of 303 respondents, 45% still had some symptoms including eye problems, easy fatigability, headache, and fear. Therefore, we conducted a study in collaboration with investigators at the Tokyo University Department of Public Health to evaluate possible long-term neuropsychological sequelae. The findings suggest the need to closely follow such patients for possible persistent functional changes.
Clinical Review: Tokyo - Protecting the Health Care Worker During a Chemical Mass Casualty Event: an Important Issue of Continuing Relevance
Critical Care (London, England). Aug, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 16137390
Determine the effectiveness of decontamination, and perform thorough dry or wet decontamination, depending on the circumstances. Always remain cognizant of the fact that, even after decontamination has been completed, contamination may not have been completely eliminated. Perform periodic monitoring to determine whether secondary exposure has occurred in health care workers; if it appears that secondary exposure has occurred, then the PPE level must be increased and attempts must be made to identify and eliminate the source of the contamination. Finally, if the victims were exposed through ingestion, then consider the possibility that secondary exposure will occur during gastric lavage.
Simple Triage and Rapid Decontamination of Mass Casualties with Colored Clothes Pegs (STARDOM-CCP) System Against Chemical Releases
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. May-Jun, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17894219
The efficiency and speed with which first responders, paramedics, and emergency physicians respond to an event caused by the release of a chemical is an important concern in all modern cities worldwide. A system for the initial triage and decontamination of victims of a chemical release was developed using colored clothes pegs of the following seven colors: red, yellow, green, black, white, and blue. Red indicates the need for emergency care, yellow for semi-emergency care, green for non-emergency care, black for expectant, white for dry decontamination, and blue for wet decontamination. The system can be employed as one of the techniques directed at improving the efficiency of decontamination in countries where there is a risk of chemical releases. It is recommended that this system should be adopted internationally and used for both drills and actual events.
Chūdoku Kenkyū : Chūdoku Kenkyūkai Jun Kikanshi = The Japanese Journal of Toxicology. Oct, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 18044214
Neural Networks : the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society. Nov, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18460417
We developed a neural network model for studying neural mechanisms underlying complex syntactical songs of the Bengalese finch, which result from interactions between sensori-motor nuclei, the nucleus HVC (HVC) and the nucleus interfacialis (NIf). Results of simulations are tested by comparison with the song development of real young birds learning the same songs from their fathers. The model shows that complex syntactical songs can be reproduced from the simple interaction between the deterministic dynamics of a recurrent neural network and random noise. Features of the learning process in the simulations show similar trends to those observed in empirical data on the song development of real birds. These observations suggest that the temporal note sequences of songs take the form of a dynamical process involving recurrent connections in the network of the HVC, as opposed to feedforward activities, the mechanism proposed in the previous model.
Chūdoku Kenkyū : Chūdoku Kenkyūkai Jun Kikanshi = The Japanese Journal of Toxicology. Mar, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19344050
Cooperation of Deterministic Dynamics and Random Noise in Production of Complex Syntactical Avian Song Sequences: a Neural Network Model
Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21559065
How the brain learns and generates temporal sequences is a fundamental issue in neuroscience. The production of birdsongs, a process which involves complex learned sequences, provides researchers with an excellent biological model for this topic. The Bengalese finch in particular learns a highly complex song with syntactical structure. The nucleus HVC (HVC), a premotor nucleus within the avian song system, plays a key role in generating the temporal structures of their songs. From lesion studies, the nucleus interfacialis (NIf) projecting to the HVC is considered one of the essential regions that contribute to the complexity of their songs. However, the types of interaction between the HVC and the NIf that can produce complex syntactical songs remain unclear. In order to investigate the function of interactions between the HVC and NIf, we have proposed a neural network model based on previous biological evidence. The HVC is modeled by a recurrent neural network (RNN) that learns to generate temporal patterns of songs. The NIf is modeled as a mechanism that provides auditory feedback to the HVC and generates random noise that feeds into the HVC. The model showed that complex syntactical songs can be replicated by simple interactions between deterministic dynamics of the RNN and random noise. In the current study, the plausibility of the model is tested by the comparison between the changes in the songs of actual birds induced by pharmacological inhibition of the NIf and the changes in the songs produced by the model resulting from modification of parameters representing NIf functions. The efficacy of the model demonstrates that the changes of songs induced by pharmacological inhibition of the NIf can be interpreted as a trade-off between the effects of noise and the effects of feedback on the dynamics of the RNN of the HVC. These facts suggest that the current model provides a convincing hypothesis for the functional role of NIf-HVC interaction.
A Direct Neuronal Connection Between the Telencephalic Nucleus Robustus Arcopallialis and the Nucleus Nervi Hypoglossi, Pars Tracheosyringealis in Bengalese Finches (Lonchura Striata Var. Domestica)
Neuroscience Research. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21945522
Bird species with vocal learning possess a projection from the telencephalic nucleus to the nucleus nervi hypoglossi, pars tracheosyringealis (XIIts) in the medulla, where a final common pathway that controls the vocal organ, i.e., the synrinx, originates. The anatomical basis of this projection has not been well investigated in one species of songbird, the Bengalese finch (Lonchura striata var. domestica). The present study used anterograde and retrograde tracing experiments to examine and describe this projection in Bengalese finches. Following iontophoretic injections of biotinylated dextran amine into the telencephalic nucleus robustus arcopallialis (RA), we detected anterograde-labeled terminations in the XIIts. In addition, labeled terminals were seen in other vocal-respiratory-related nuclei, such as the dorsomedial nucleus of the nucleus intercollicularis, nucleus infraolivaris superior, nucleus of the rostral ventrolateral medulla, nucleus parambigualis, nucleus ambiguous, and nucleus retroambigualis. Furthermore, following injections into the XIIts, we detected retrograde-labeled cell bodies scattered throughout the ipsilateral RA. The present results revealed that the direct projections of the RA to the XIIts in male Bengalese finches are similar to those in other songbirds with vocal learning abilities.