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In JoVE (2)
- Mechanical Testing of Mouse Carotid Arteries: from Newborn to Adult
- Measuring Left Ventricular Pressure in Late Embryonic and Neonatal Mice
Other Publications (2)
Articles by Victoria P. Le in JoVE
Mechanical Testing of Mouse Carotid Arteries: from Newborn to Adult
Mazyar Amin, Victoria P. Le, Jessica E. Wagenseil
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Saint Louis University
Passive mechanical testing of mouse carotid arteries is described, with special consideration for adapting to different specimen ages. The procedures include determining the in vivo length of the artery, mounting it in a pressure myograph, recording data, measuring the unloaded dimensions and analyzing the resulting data.
Measuring Left Ventricular Pressure in Late Embryonic and Neonatal Mice
Victoria P. Le1, Attila Kovacs2, Jessica E. Wagenseil1
1Department of Biomedical Engineering, Saint Louis University, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine
Measuring left ventricular pressure (LV) in embryonic and neonatal mice is described. Pressure is measured by inserting a needle connected to a fluid-filled transducer into the LV under ultrasound guidance. Care must be taken to maintain normal cardiac function during the experimental protocol.
Other articles by Victoria P. Le on PubMed
Decreased Aortic Diameter and Compliance Precedes Blood Pressure Increases in Postnatal Development of Elastin-insufficient Mice
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology. Jul, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21536846
Increased arterial stiffness and blood pressure are characteristic of humans and adult mice with reduced elastin levels caused by aging or genetic disease. Direct associations have been shown between increased arterial stiffness and hypertension in humans, but it is not known whether changes in mechanical properties or increased blood pressure occur first. Using genetically modified mice with elastin haploinsufficiency (Eln(+/-)), we investigated the temporal relationship between arterial mechanical properties and blood pressure throughout postnatal development. Our results show that some mechanical properties are maintained constant regardless of elastin amounts. The peak diameter compliance for both genotypes occurs near the physiologic pressure at each age, which acts to provide maximum pulse dampening. The stress-strain relationships are similar between genotypes and become nonlinear near the systolic pressure for each age, which serves to limit distension under high pressure. Our results also show that some mechanical properties are affected by reduced elastin levels and that these changes occur before measurable changes in blood pressure. Eln(+/-) mice have decreased aortic diameter and compliance in ex vivo tests that are significant by postnatal day 7 and increased blood pressure that is not significant until postnatal day 14. This temporal relationship suggests that targeting large arteries to increase diameter or compliance may be an effective treatment for human hypertension.
Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. Jul, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21823746
Determining arterial mechanical properties is important for understanding the work done by the heart and how it changes with cardiovascular disease. Ex vivo tests are necessary to apply various loads to the artery and obtain data to model and predict the behavior under any load. Most ex vivo tests are performed within 24 h of dissection, so the tissue is still "alive." For large elastic arteries; however, the passive mechanical behavior is attributed mostly to the very stable proteins, elastin, and collagen. If the testing equipment fails, is in use, or is located at another facility, it would be useful to store the vessels and postpone the tests until the equipment is available. The goal of this study is to determine the effects of storage time on the mechanical behavior of the common carotid artery from adult mice. Each artery was tested after storage for 1-28 days in physiologic saline at 4°C. There were no significant effects of storage time on the arterial diameter or force at each pressure, but there were significant effects on the stretch ratio and stress at each pressure. The significant effects on the stretch ratio and stress were due to decreases in the unloaded dimensions with storage time, when measured from cut arterial rings. When the unloaded dimensions were measured instead from histology sections, there were no significant changes with storage time. We conclude that histology sections yield a more consistent measurement of the unloaded dimensions and that there are no significant changes in the mechanical behavior of mouse carotid artery with storage up to 28 days.