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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (4)
Articles by Vitaly Klimovich in JoVE
Closed System Cell Culture Protocol Using HYPERStack Vessels with Gas Permeable Material Technology
Kim Titus*1, Vitaly Klimovich*2, Mark Rothenberg2, Pilar Pardo*2, Allison Tanner*3, Greg Martin3
1Business Development, Corning Life Science, 2Applications, Corning Life Science, 3Product Development, Corning Life Science
An Introduction into the technology, protocol and handling of the Corning HYPERStack Vessels and accessories used for high yield adherent cell culture. The protocol will show how to use the closed system vessels for increasing cell harvesting over current stacked plate products.
Other articles by Vitaly Klimovich on PubMed
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. Apr, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15793585
Simian virus 40 (SV40) provides a model system for the study of eukaryotic DNA replication, in which the viral protein, large T antigen (Tag), marshals human proteins to replicate the viral minichromosome. SV40 replication requires interaction of Tag with the host single-stranded DNA-binding protein, replication protein A (hRPA). The C-terminal domain of the hRPA32 subunit (RPA32C) facilitates initiation of replication, but whether it interacts with Tag is not known. Affinity chromatography and NMR revealed physical interaction between hRPA32C and the Tag origin DNA-binding domain, and a structural model of the complex was determined. Point mutations were then designed to reverse charges in the binding sites, resulting in substantially reduced binding affinity. Corresponding mutations introduced into intact hRPA impaired initiation of replication and primosome activity, implying that this interaction has a critical role in assembly and progression of the SV40 replisome.
Nucleic Acids Research. 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16935876
Processing of DNA in replication, repair and recombination pathways in cells of all organisms requires the participation of at least one major single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-binding protein. This protein protects ssDNA from nucleolytic damage, prevents hairpin formation and blocks DNA reannealing until the processing pathway is successfully completed. Many ssDNA-binding proteins interact physically and functionally with a variety of other DNA processing proteins. These interactions are thought to temporally order and guide the parade of proteins that 'trade places' on the ssDNA, a model known as 'hand-off', as the processing pathway progresses. How this hand-off mechanism works remains poorly understood. Recent studies of the conserved eukaryotic ssDNA-binding protein replication protein A (RPA) suggest a novel mechanism by which proteins may trade places on ssDNA by binding to RPA and mediating conformation changes that alter the ssDNA-binding properties of RPA. This article reviews the structure and function of RPA, summarizes recent studies of RPA in DNA replication and other DNA processing pathways, and proposes a general model for the role of RPA in protein-mediated hand-off.
The EMBO Journal. Nov, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 17110927
We report that during activation of the simian virus 40 (SV40) pre-replication complex, SV40 T antigen (Tag) helicase actively loads replication protein A (RPA) on emerging single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). This novel loading process requires physical interaction of Tag origin DNA-binding domain (OBD) with the RPA high-affinity ssDNA-binding domains (RPA70AB). Heteronuclear NMR chemical shift mapping revealed that Tag-OBD binds to RPA70AB at a site distal from the ssDNA-binding sites and that RPA70AB, Tag-OBD, and an 8-nucleotide ssDNA form a stable ternary complex. Intact RPA and Tag also interact stably in the presence of an 8-mer, but Tag dissociates from the complex when RPA binds to longer oligonucleotides. Together, our results imply that an allosteric change in RPA quaternary structure completes the loading reaction. A mechanistic model is proposed in which the ternary complex is a key intermediate that directly couples origin DNA unwinding to RPA loading on emerging ssDNA.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Dec, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 17035231
Upon DNA damage, replication is inhibited by the S-phase checkpoint. ATR (ataxia telangiectasia mutated- and Rad3-related) is specifically involved in the inhibition of replicon initiation when cells are treated with DNA damage-inducing agents that stall replication forks, but the mechanism by which it acts to prevent replication is not yet fully understood. We observed that RPA2 is phosphorylated on chromatin in an ATR-dependent manner when replication forks are stalled. Mutation of the ATR-dependent phosphorylation sites in RPA2 leads to a defect in the down-regulation of DNA synthesis following treatment with UV radiation, although ATR activation is not affected. Threonine 21 and serine 33, two residues among several phosphorylation sites in the amino terminus of RPA2, are specifically required for the UV-induced, ATR-mediated inhibition of DNA replication. RPA2 mutant alleles containing phospho-mimetic mutations at ATR-dependent phosphorylation sites have an impaired ability to associate with replication centers, indicating that ATR phosphorylation of RPA2 directly affects the replication function of RPA. Our studies suggest that in response to UV-induced DNA damage, ATR rapidly phosphorylates RPA2, disrupting its association with replication centers in the S-phase and contributing to the inhibition of DNA replication.