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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (15)
- Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
- Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
- Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
- Chinese Medical Journal
- Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
- The Journal of Urology
- Development, Growth & Differentiation
- Development, Growth & Differentiation
- Histology and Histopathology
- Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
- Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban = Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
- Metabolic Brain Disease
- The International Journal of Developmental Biology
- Journal of Molecular Histology
Articles by Xin Yan in JoVE
Gene Transfer into Older Chicken Embryos by ex ovo Electroporation
Jiankai Luo1, Xin Yan1, Juntang Lin2, Arndt Rolfs1
1Albrecht-Kossel-Institute for Neuroregeneration, School of Medicine University of Rostock, 2Institute of Anatomy I, School of Medicine University of Jena
A method of gene transfer into chicken embryos at later incubation stages (older than Hamburger and Hamilton stage (HH) 22) is described. This method overcomes disadvantages of in ovo electroporation applied to older chicken embryos and is a useful technique to study gene function and regulation at older developmental stages.
Other articles by Xin Yan on PubMed
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]. Apr, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16875621
To analyze the drug-sensitivity-related genes to anti-tumor drugs navalbine (NVB) and docetaxel (Doc) in four SCLC and six NSCLC cell lines.
Cadherin-20 Expression by Motor Neurons is Regulated by Sonic Hedgehog During Spinal Cord Development
Neuroreport. Mar, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19218874
During chicken spinal cord development, cadherin-20 is expressed by motor neurons of the lateral motor column and other cells in the basal and alar plates. To investigate the regulation of cadherin-20 expression, Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling was altered in chicken spinal cord and hindbrain by in-vivo electroporation. Our results show that, at an early embryonic stage 12, Shh induces cadherin-20 expression by motor neurons. Later, at stage 24 when the sorting of motor neuron pools begins, cadherin-20 expression is induced in the neural progenitors of the ventricular zone but not in motor neurons. Blockage of Shh signaling inhibits cadherin-20 expression in the motor column. Therefore, cadherin-20 expression in motor neurons is regulated by Shh in a time-dependent manner.
Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists. Apr, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20235233
The expression patterns of seven members of the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family, including ADAM9, ADAM10, ADAM12, ADAM13, ADAM17, ADAM22, and ADAM23, were analyzed in the developing chicken lumbar spinal cord by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Results show that each individual ADAM is expressed and regulated spatiotemporally in the lumbar cord and its surrounding tissues. ADAM9, ADAM10, ADAM22, and ADAM23 are expressed predominantly by motoneurons in the motor column and by sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglia, each with a different expression pattern. ADAM12 and ADAM13 are mainly expressed in the meninges around the lumbar cord and in the condensed sheets of chondroblasts around the vertebrae. ADAM17 expression is strong in the ventricular layer and limited to early stages. The differential expression of the ADAMs in the lumbar cord suggests that the ADAMs play a regulatory role in development of the spinal cord.
Developmental Dynamics : an Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists. Aug, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20658692
The expression patterns of five members of the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family including ADAM9, ADAM10, ADAM17, ADAM22, and ADAM23 were analyzed in different anatomical structures of the developing chicken cochlea by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Results show that ADAM9, ADAM10, and ADAM17 are widely expressed in the sensory epithelium of the basilar papilla, by homogene cells, spindle-shaped cells, and acoustic ganglion cells, and in the tegmentum vasculosum, each with a different pattern. ADAM22 expression is restricted to spindle-shaped cells and acoustic ganglion cells, while ADAM23 is prominently expressed by hair cells and acoustic ganglion cells. Furthermore, ADAM10 protein is coexpressed with several members of the classic cadherins, including cadherin-7, N-cadherin, and R-cadherin in distinct anatomical regions of the cochlea except for acoustic ganglion cells. The expression of the ADAMs in the developing cochlea suggests a contribution of the ADAMs to the development of distinct cochlear structures.
Chinese Medical Journal. Nov, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 21163149
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology. Oct, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21290245
Low-dose metronomic (LDM) chemotherapy represents a new strategy to treat solid tumors by stronger antiangiogenic activity and less side effects. The aim of the study is to rationally develop a docetaxel metronomic regimen in preclinical settings of gastric cancer.
The Journal of Urology. Apr, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21334664
We have noted that inadequate drug delivery to tumor cells is a major cause of failed intravesical therapy for nonmuscle invading bladder cancer, partly due to the dilution of drug concentration by urine production during treatment. To address this problem we developed gelatin nanoparticles of paclitaxel designed to yield constant drug concentrations. The hypothesis that a constant, therapeutic concentration in urine, bladder tissue and tumors can be attained was evaluated in dogs.
Development, Growth & Differentiation. Apr, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21492148
ADAM19 (also named meltrin β) is a member of the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family of metalloproteases and is involved in morphogenesis and tissue formation during embryonic development. In the present study, chicken ADAM19 is cloned by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and identified by sequencing. Its expression patterns in different parts of the developing chicken embryo are investigated by Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry. Results show that ADAM19 protein is widely expressed in chicken embryos. It is detectable in the central nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, cochlea, and retina. Furthermore, ADAM19 protein is also found in other tissues and organs such as digestive organs, the thymus, the lung bud, the dorsal aorta, the kidney, the gonad, muscles, and in the feather buds. All these data suggest that ADAM19 plays an important role in the embryonic development of chicken.
Development, Growth & Differentiation. Jun, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21671920
The expression patterns of the seven members of the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family, ADAM9, ADAM10, ADAM12, ADAM13, ADAM17, ADAM22, and ADAM23 were analyzed in the developing chicken retina by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Results show that each individual ADAM is expressed and regulated spatiotemporally in the developing retinal layers. ADAM9, ADAM10 and ADAM17 are widely expressed in the differential layers of the retina throughout the whole embryonic period, while ADAM12 and ADAM13 are mainly expressed in the ganglion cell layer at a later stage. ADAM22 and ADAM23 are restricted to the inner nuclear layer and the ganglion cell layer at a later stage. Furthermore, ADAM10 protein is co-expressed with the four members of the classic cadherins, N-cadherin, R-cadherin, cadherin-6B and cadherin-7 in distinct retinal layers. Therefore, the differential expression of the investigated ADAMs in the developing retina suggests the contribution of them to the retina development.
Up-regulated Expression of Ezrin and C-Met Proteins Are Related to the Metastasis and Prognosis of Gastric Carcinomas
Histology and Histopathology. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21751142
Recent publications demonstrated that abnormal expression of Ezrin and c-Met proteins were related to carcinogenesis, metastasis and prognosis of various sorts of tumors. In this study we detected the expressions of Ezrin and c-Met proteins in normal gastric mucosa, chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia and gastric carcinoma and analyzed the correlations with metastasis and prognosis of gastric carcinomas. The results demonstrated that both Ezrin and c-Met overexpression were related to the occurrence and progression of gastric carcinoma. Our findings also demonstrated that combined detection of these two tumor-specific biomarkers in gastric carcinomas can provide additional efficacy in predicting the patients' outcomes.
Quantitative and Dynamic Expression Profile of Premature and Active Forms of the Regional ADAM Proteins During Chicken Brain Development
Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters. Sep, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21786032
The ADAM (A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease) family of transmembrane proteins plays important roles in embryogenesis and tissue formation based on their multiple functional domains. In the present study, for the first time, the expression patterns of the premature and the active forms of six members of the ADAM proteins - ADAM9, ADAM10, ADAM12, ADAM17, ADAM22 and ADAM23 - in distinct parts of the developing chicken brain were investigated by quantitative Western blot analysis from embryonic incubation day (E) 10 to E20. The results show that the premature and the active forms of various ADAM proteins are spatiotemporally regulated in different parts of the brain during development, suggesting that the ADAMs play a very important role during embryonic development.
[Diagnosis and Treatment of Complicated Deep Infiltrated Endometriosis: a Case Report and Literature Review]
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban = Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences. Aug, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21844977
To explore diagnostic and therapeutic methods of patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis.
Metabolic Brain Disease. Dec, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21938520
Niemann-Pick type C 1 (NPC1) disease is an autosomal recessive cholesterol transport defect resulting in a neurodegenerative process in patients mainly at an early age, although some patients may start with manifestation in adult. Since loss of myelin is considered as a main pathogenetic factor, the precise mechanism inducing dysmylination in NPC1 disease is still unclear. In the present study, a quantitative evaluation on the myelin protein and its regulatory factors of oligodendrocytes, such as SRY-related HMG-box 10 (Sox10), Yin Yang 1 factor (YY1) and myelin gene regulatory factor (MRF), in different parts of the brain and spinal cord was performed in NPC1-mutant mice. The results showed that NPC1 protein was expressed in oligodendrocytes and the amount of myelin protein was generally decreased in all parts of the brain and spinal cord in NPC1-mutant mice. Compared to wild type, the amount of Sox10 and YY1 was not different in NPC1-mutant mice, but MRF was significantly decreased, suggesting a possible mechanism perturbing differentiation of oligodendrocytes and the myelination process in the NPC1-mutant mouse.
ADAM17 Overexpression Promotes Angiogenesis by Increasing Blood Vessel Sprouting and Pericyte Number During Brain Microvessel Development
The International Journal of Developmental Biology. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22252493
The angiogenic process is precisely regulated by different molecular mechanisms, with a balance between stimulatory and inhibitory factors in embryonic development. Transmembrane proteins of the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) family play a critical role in embryogenesis and are involved in protein ectodomain shedding, as well as cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. In the present study, we found that ADAM17 is expressed spatiotemporally in the tectal layers during chicken embryonic development. To investigate the effect of ADAM17 overexpression on angiogenesis, chicken ADAM17 plasmids were transfected into the developing tectum in vivo by electroporation. Results showed that overexpression of ADAM17 induces morphological changes of brain microvessels, such as an increase in diameter, of capillary sprouting from radial microvessels and an increase in the number of pericytes, but not of endothelial cells. Our data suggest that overexpression of ADAM17 in the developing tectum promotes angiogenesis by increasing the number of pericytes and capillary sprouting in the radial vessels.
Journal of Molecular Histology. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22246534
In the present study the expression patterns of ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloprotease) genes in the chicken developing lens were analyzed. Using in situ hybridization, we found that seven members of the ADAM family including ADAM9, ADAM10, ADAM12, ADAM13, ADAM17, ADAM22, and ADAM23 are expressed in the developing embryonic lens. From embryonic incubation day (E) 2 to E3, most of the ADAMs investigated here are expressed in the lens placode and lens vesicle. From E5 to E7, all seven ADAMs, but predominantly ADAM9 and ADAM10, are throughly expressed in the central epithelium, as well as in the proliferating lens epithelium and the equatorial lens epithelium. From E9 to E14, expression of ADAM9, ADAM10, and ADAM17 decreases moderately in these regions. ADAM12 and ADAM13 are weakly expressed in the central epithelium and the lens epithelium, and are not detectable from E14 onward. ADAM22 and ADAM23 are expressed in the central epithelium, the lens epithelium and the equatorial lens epithelium at E5 and decrease gradually afterwards in the same regions. At E16, only weak ADAM9, ADAM10 and ADAM17 signals are found in the anterior lens epithelium. The changing spatiotemporal expression of the seven ADAMs suggests a regulatory role for these molecules during chicken lens development.