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In JoVE (1)
- Detectie van eiwit interacties in Plant met behulp van een Gateway-compatibele Bimoleculaire Fluorescentie Complementatie (BiFC) Systeem
Other Publications (8)
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Articles by Yuhai Cui in JoVE
Detectie van eiwit interacties in Plant met behulp van een Gateway-compatibele Bimoleculaire Fluorescentie Complementatie (BiFC) Systeem
Gang Tian1, Qing Lu2, Li Zhang2, Susanne E. Kohalmi1, Yuhai Cui2
1Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, 2Southern Crop Protection and Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
We hebben een techniek ontwikkeld om eiwit-eiwit interacties in planten te testen. Een geel fluorescerend eiwit (YFP) wordt opgesplitst in twee niet-overlappende fragmenten. Elk fragment is gekloond in-frame aan een gen van belang via de Gateway-systeem, waardoor de expressie van fusie-eiwitten. Reconstitutie van YFP-signaal treedt alleen op wanneer de lijkschouwing eiwitten met elkaar omgaan.
Other articles by Yuhai Cui on PubMed
Planta. Oct, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15912356
Two naturally occurring Arabidopsis mutants, Cape Verde Islands and Monte (Mr-0), with aberrant 12S seed storage protein (SSP) profiles have been identified by SDS-PAGE. In both mutants, one of the 12S globulin bands is missing while a new band of lower molecular mass is present. Tandem mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analyses of the mutant peptides have revealed that both are shorter variants of 12S globulin with deletion sites detected within the alpha-subunits of 12S globulin cruciferin B (CRB) and C (CRC), respectively. Sequence analyses of the genomic DNA flanking the deletion sites have demonstrated that both deletions occurred at the genomic level. These two mutants are referred to as CRBDelta12 and CRCDelta13 with the delta sign indicating a deletion and the number indicating amino acids deleted. Alignment of these two mutant sequences with that of soybean A3B4 subunit, for which the crystal structure was determined recently, have revealed that the CRCDelta13 deletion is located in a hypervariable/disordered region, and will probably not affect the structure of the hexameric globulin. The CRBDelta12 deletion, however, is located in a binding region that is thought to be important for the hexamer formation. However, CRBDelta12 appears to accumulate normally as judged by its band intensity relative to the other SSP subunits on the protein gels. Thus it seems that the seed can, to a certain extent, tolerate some mutations in its storage proteins.
AtMBD9: a Protein with a Methyl-CpG-binding Domain Regulates Flowering Time and Shoot Branching in Arabidopsis
The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology. Apr, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16623890
The functional characterization of mammalian proteins containing a methyl-CpG-binding domain (MBD) has revealed that MBD proteins can decipher the epigenetic information encoded by DNA methylation, and integrate DNA methylation, modification of chromatin structure and repression of gene expression. The Arabidopsis genome has 13 putative genes encoding MBD proteins, and no specific biological function has been defined for any AtMBD genes. In this study, we identified three T-DNA insertion mutant alleles at the AtMBD9 locus, and found that all of them exhibited obvious developmental abnormalities. First, the atmbd9 mutants flowered significantly earlier than wild-type plants. The expression of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), a major repressor of Arabidopsis flowering, was markedly attenuated by the AtMBD9 mutations. This FLC transcription reduction was associated with a significant decrease in the acetylation level in histone H3 and H4 of FLC chromatin in the atmbd9 mutants. Secondly, the atmbd9 mutants produced more shoot branches by increasing the outgrowth of axillary buds when compared with wild-type plants. The two known major factors controlling the outgrowth of axillary buds in Arabidopsis, auxin and the more axillary growth (MAX) pathway, were found not to be involved in producing this enhanced shoot branching phenotype in atmbd9 mutants, indicating that AtMBD9 may regulate a novel pathway to control shoot branching. This pathway is not related to FLC expression as over-expression of FLC in atmbd9-2 restored its flowering time to one similar to that of the wild type, but did not alter the shoot branching phenotype.
The Arabidopsis BRAHMA Chromatin-remodeling ATPase is Involved in Repression of Seed Maturation Genes in Leaves
Plant Physiology. Jul, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18508955
Synthesis and accumulation of seed storage proteins (SSPs) is an important aspect of the seed maturation program. Genes encoding SSPs are specifically and highly expressed in the seed during maturation. However, the mechanisms that repress the expression of these genes in leaf tissue are not well understood. To gain insight into the repression mechanisms, we performed a genetic screen for mutants that express SSPs in leaves. Here, we show that mutations affecting BRAHMA (BRM), a SNF2 chromatin-remodeling ATPase, cause ectopic expression of a subset of SSPs and other embryogenesis-related genes in leaf tissue. Consistent with the notion that such SNF2-like ATPases form protein complexes in vivo, we observed similar phenotypes for mutations of AtSWI3C, a BRM-interacting partner, and BSH, a SNF5 homolog and essential SWI/SNF subunit. Chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments show that BRM is recruited to the promoters of a number of embryogenesis genes in wild-type leaves, including the 2S genes, expressed in brm leaves. Consistent with its role in nucleosome remodeling, BRM appears to affect the chromatin structure of the At2S2 promoter. Thus, the BRM-containing chromatin-remodeling ATPase complex involved in many aspects of plant development mediates the repression of SSPs in leaf tissue.
The Plant Journal : for Cell and Molecular Biology. Jan, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 19843313
Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are vital to nuclear-cytoplasmic communication in eukaryotes. The yeast NPC-associated TREX-2 complex, also known as the Thp1-Sac3-Cdc31-Sus1 complex, is anchored on the NPC via the nucleoporin Nup1, and is essential for mRNA export. Here we report the identification and characterization of the putative Arabidopsis thaliana TREX-2 complex and its anchoring nucleoporin. Physical and functional evidence support the identification of the Arabidopsis orthologs of yeast Thp1 and Nup1. Of three Arabidopsis homologs of yeast Sac3, two are putative TREX-2 components, but, surprisingly, none are required for mRNA export as they are in yeast. Physical association of the two Cdc31 homologs, but not the Sus1 homolog, with the TREX-2 complex was observed. In addition to identification of these TREX-2 components, direct interactions of the Arabidopsis homolog of DSS1, which is an established proteasome component in yeast and animals, with both the TREX-2 complex and the proteasome were observed. This suggests the possibility of a link between the two complexes. Thus this work has identified the putative Arabidopsis TREX-2 complex and provides a foundation for future studies of nuclear export in Arabidopsis.
Plant Physiology. May, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21398257
Histone acetylation and deacetylation play an important role in epigenetic controls of gene expression. HISTONE DEACETYLASE6 (HDA6) is a REDUCED POTASSIUM DEPENDENCY3-type histone deacetylase, and the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) hda6 mutant axe1-5 displayed a late-flowering phenotype. axe1-5/flc-3 double mutants flowered earlier than axe1-5 plants, indicating that the late-flowering phenotype of axe1-5 was FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) dependent. Bimolecular fluorescence complementation, in vitro pull-down, and coimmunoprecipitation assays revealed the protein-protein interaction between HDA6 and the histone demethylase FLD. It was found that the SWIRM domain in the amino-terminal region of FLD and the carboxyl-terminal region of HDA6 are responsible for the interaction between these two proteins. Increased levels of histone H3 acetylation and H3K4 trimethylation at FLC, MAF4, and MAF5 were found in both axe1-5 and fld-6 plants, suggesting functional interplay between histone deacetylase and demethylase in flowering control. These results support a scenario in which histone deacetylation and demethylation cross talk are mediated by physical association between HDA6 and FLD. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis indicated that HDA6 bound to the chromatin of several potential target genes, including FLC and MAF4. Genome-wide gene expression analysis revealed that, in addition to genes related to flowering, genes involved in gene silencing and stress response were also affected in hda6 mutants, revealing multiple functions of HDA6. Furthermore, a subset of transposons was up-regulated and displayed increased histone hyperacetylation, suggesting that HDA6 can also regulate transposons through deacetylating histone.
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 21708299
Sensing environmental changes and initiating a gene expression response are important for plants as sessile autotrophs. The ability of epigenetic status to alter rapidly and reversibly could be a key component to the flexibility of plant responses to the environment. The involvement of epigenetic mechanisms in the response to environmental cues and to different types of abiotic stresses has been documented. Different environmental stresses lead to altered methylation status of DNA as well as modifications of nucleosomal histones. Understanding how epigenetic mechanisms are involved in plant response to environmental stress is highly desirable, not just for a better understanding of molecular mechanisms of plant stress response but also for possible application in the genetic manipulation of plants. In this review, we highlight our current understanding of the epigenetic mechanisms of chromatin modifications and remodeling, with emphasis on the roles of specific modification enzymes and remodeling factors in plant abiotic stress responses. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Plant gene regulation in response to abiotic stress.
HDA6 Directly Interacts with DNA Methyltransferase MET1 and Maintains Transposable Element Silencing in Arabidopsis
Plant Physiology. Jan, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 21994348
The molecular mechanism of how the histone deacetylase HDA6 participates in maintaining transposable element (TE) silencing in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) is not yet defined. In this study, we show that a subset of TEs was transcriptionally reactivated and that TE reactivation was associated with elevated histone H3 and H4 acetylation as well as increased H3K4Me3 and H3K4Me2 in hda6 mutants. Decreased DNA methylation of the TEs was also detected in hda6 mutants, suggesting that HDA6 silences the TEs by regulating histone acetylation and methylation as well as the DNA methylation status of the TEs. Similarly, transcripts of some of these TEs were also increased in the methyltransferase1 (met1) mutant, with decreased DNA methylation. Furthermore, H4 acetylation, H3K4Me3, H3K4Me2, and H3K36Me2 were enriched at the coregulated TEs in the met1 and hda6 met1 mutants. Protein-protein interaction analysis indicated that HDA6 physically interacts with MET1 in vitro and in vivo, and further deletion analysis demonstrated that the carboxyl-terminal region of HDA6 and the bromo-adjacent homology domain of MET1 were responsible for the interaction. These results suggested that HDA6 and MET1 interact directly and act together to silence TEs by modulating DNA methylation, histone acetylation, and histone methylation status.
Synergistic Repression of the Embryonic Programme by SET DOMAIN GROUP 8 and EMBRYONIC FLOWER 2 in Arabidopsis Seedlings
Journal of Experimental Botany. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22162868
The seed maturation programme occurs only during the late phase of embryo development, and repression of the maturation genes is pivotal for seedling development. However, mechanisms that repress the expression of this programme in vegetative tissues are not well understood. A genetic screen was performed for mutants that express maturation genes in leaves. Here, it is shown that mutations affecting SDG8 (SET DOMAIN GROUP 8), a putative histone methyltransferase, cause ectopic expression of a subset of maturation genes in leaves. Further, to investigate the relationship between SDG8 and the Polycomb Group (PcG) proteins, which are known to repress many developmentally important genes including seed maturation genes, double mutants were made and formation of somatic embryos was observed on mutant seedlings with mutations in both SDG8 and EMF2 (EMBRYONIC FLOWER 2). Analysis of histone methylation status at the chromatin sites of a number of maturation loci revealed a synergistic effect of emf2 and sdg8 on the deposition of the active histone mark which is the trimethylation of Lys4 on histone 3 (H3K4me3). This is consistent with high expression of these genes and formation of somatic embryos in the emf2 sdg8 double mutants. Interestingly, a double mutant of sdg8 and vrn2 (vernalization2), a paralogue of EMF2, grew and developed normally to maturity. These observations demonstrate a functional cooperative interplay between SDG8 and an EMF2-containing PcG complex in maintaining vegetative cell identity by repressing seed genes to promote seedling development. The work also indicates the functional specificities of PcG complexes in Arabidopsis.