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In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (12)
- Cell Research
- Leadership in Health Services (Bradford, England)
- Journal of Proteome Research
- Cellular Signalling
- Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
- Small (Weinheim an Der Bergstrasse, Germany)
- Biophysical Journal
- The Journal of Investigative Dermatology
- The Breast Journal
- Biomedical and Environmental Sciences : BES
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Articles by Zhi Pan in JoVE
Için İpek Film Kültür Sistemi In vitro Analizi ve Tasarımı Biyomateryal
Brian D. Lawrence1, Zhi Pan1, Michael D. Weber1, David L. Kaplan2, Mark I. Rosenblatt1
1Margaret M. Dyson Vision Research Institute, Weill Cornell Medical College, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tufts University
İpek filmler biyomedikal uygulamalar bir dizi için kolayca özelleştirilebilir biyomalzemelerin yeni bir sınıfı vardır. Sunulan ipek film kültürü sisteminin çeşitli çok iyi adapte olduğu
Other articles by Zhi Pan on PubMed
Cell Research. Apr, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12737517
We have identified IC53-2, a human homologue of the rat C53 gene from a human placenta cDNA library (GeneBank Accession No.AF217982). IC53-2 can bind to the CDK5 activator p35 by in vitro association assay. IC53-2 is mapped to human chromosome 17q21.31. The IC53-2 transcript is highly expressed in kidney, liver, skeletal muscle and placenta. It is abundantly expressed in SMMC-7721, C-33A, 3AO, A431 and MCF-7 cancer cell lines by RT-PCR assay. Stable transfection of IC53-2 cDNA into the hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cell remarkably stimulates its growth in vitro. The above results indicate that IC53-2 is a novel human gene, which may be involved in the regulation of cell proliferation.
The Dihydrouracil/uracil Ratios in Plasma and Toxicities of 5-fluorouracil-based Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Colorectal Cancer Patients
Chemotherapy. 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17308379
This study was designed to measure the dihydrouracil (UH(2))/uracil (U) ratio in plasma as a surrogate marker for dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity and to investigate the relationships of the UH(2)/U ratios in plasma with the toxicities of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-based adjuvant chemotherapy and 5-FU plasma concentrations in colorectal cancer patients.
Biomaterials. Feb, 2007 | Pubmed ID: 17049594
To successfully induce tissue repair or regeneration in vivo, bioengineered constructs must possess both optimal bioactivity and mechanical strength. This is because cell interaction with the extracellular matrix (ECM) produces two different but concurrent signaling mechanisms: ligation-induced signaling, which depends on ECM biological stimuli, and traction-induced signaling, which depends on ECM mechanical stimuli. In this report, we provide a fundamental understanding of how alterations in mechanical stimuli alone, produced by varying the viscoelastic properties of our bioengineered construct, modulate phenotypic behavior at the whole-cell level. Using a physiologically relevant ECM mimic composed of hyaluronan and fibronectin, we found that adult human dermal fibroblasts modify their mechanical response in order to match substrate stiffness. More specifically, the cells on stiffer substrates had higher modulus and a more stretched and organized actin cytoskeleton (and vice versa), which translated into larger traction forces exerted on the substrate. This modulation of cellular mechanics had contrasting effects on migration and proliferation, where cells migrated faster on softer substrates while proliferating preferentially on the stiffer ones. These findings implicate substrate rigidity as a critical design parameter in the development of bioengineered constructs aimed at eliciting maximal cell and tissue function.
Leadership in Health Services (Bradford, England). 2007 | Pubmed ID: 20690464
The purpose of this paper is to investigate logistics activities in Singapore hospitals. It defines various types of activities handled by a logistics division. Inventory management policy and the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) for logistics purposes are also discussed. The study identifies the nature of strategic alliances in Singapore's health care industry.
Journal of Proteome Research. Sep, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18624398
The Ras-MAPK and PI3K-AKT pathways are conserved in metazoan organisms, which involve a series of signaling cascades and form the basis for numerous physiological and pathological processes. Here we report on yeast two hybrid screening results of a protein interaction network around the known components of human Ras-MAPK/PI3K pathways. A total of 42 independent cDNA library screenings resulted in 200 protein-protein interaction (PPI) pairs among 180 molecules. Most of the proteins formed a large cluster that contains 193 PPIs between 169 proteins. Seventy-four interactions indicate high-confidence according to bioinformatics analysis. The prey list contains high enrichment genes with specific Gene Ontology (GO) terms such as response to stress and response to external stimulus. Most interactions link the Ras signaling pathway with various cellular processes. Five interactions were validated by coimmunoprecipitation and colocalization assays in mammalian cells to confirm their in vivo interactions. This protein interaction network provides further insights into the molecular mechanism of Ras-MAPK/PI3K signaling pathways.
Cellular Signalling. Jan, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18006276
The Bcl-2 family of proteins is the key regulators of cell apoptosis at the mitochondria level. The BH3-only pro-apoptotic member BclGs was unique among the family due to its highly specific expression in human testis and has been demonstrated to induce apoptosis dependent on the BH3 domain. However, the molecular mechanism of BclGs-induced apoptosis remains unclear. Here we show that overexpression of BclGs could induce Bax expression upregulation and translocation to mitochondria, cytochrome c release and activation of caspase-3. Moreover, we identified JAB1 as a novel BclGs-specific binding protein through a yeast two-hybrid screening in a human testis cDNA library. BclGs interacts with JAB1 both in vitro and in vivo. N-terminal region of BclGs (aa 1-67) was required for the interaction. Importantly, JAB1 and BclGs co-expression synergistically induces apoptosis. JAB1 could compete with Bcl-XL/Bcl-2 to bind to BclGs; thus, promote the apoptosis. RNAi-mediated knock-down of JAB1 results in the reduced proapoptotic activity of BclGs. Taken together, our results provided the first evidence that JAB1 is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial apoptotic pathway through specific interaction with BclGs.
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. Jan, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 17849173
Growth factor receptor-bound protein 2 (Grb2) is an extensively studied adaptor protein involved in cell signaling. Grb2 is a highly flexible protein composed of a single SH2 domain flanked by two SH3 domains. The evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), functions as a cellular fuel gauge that regulates metabolic pathways in glucose and fatty acid metabolism and protein synthesis. AMPK regulates the activation of TSC2 by phosphorylating TSC2. Here we report for the first time on the interaction of Grb2 with AMPK. SH2 domain of Grb2 and KIS domain of AMPK are both required for the combination of Grb2 and AMPK. Furthermore, Grb2 function as a factor which mediates phosphorylation of AMPK at Thr172, and potentially involves in metabolism pathways and AMPK-TSC2-mTOR cell growth pathway through regulating the activation of AMPK.
Adverse Effects of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles on Human Dermal Fibroblasts and How to Protect Cells
Small (Weinheim an Der Bergstrasse, Germany). Apr, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19197964
The effects of exposure of human dermal fibroblasts to rutile and anatase TiO(2) nanoparticles are reported. These particles can impair cell function, with the latter being more potent at producing damage. The exposure to nanoparticles decreases cell area, cell proliferation, mobility, and ability to contract collagen. Individual particles are shown to penetrate easily through the cell membrane in the absence of endocytosis, while some endocytosis is observed for larger particle clusters. Once inside, the particles are sequestered in vesicles, which continue to fill up with increasing incubation time till they rupture. Particles coated with a dense grafted polymer brush are also tested, and, using flow cytometry, are shown to prevent adherence to the cell membrane and hence penetration of the cell, which effectively decreases reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation and protects cells, even in the absence of light exposure. Considering the broad applications of these nanoparticles in personal health care products, the functionalized polymer coating can potentially play an important role in protecting cells and tissue from damage.
Traction Stresses and Translational Distortion of the Nucleus During Fibroblast Migration on a Physiologically Relevant ECM Mimic
Biophysical Journal. May, 2009 | Pubmed ID: 19450499
Cellular traction forces, resulting in cell-substrate physical interactions, are generated by actin-myosin complexes and transmitted to the extracellular matrix through focal adhesions. These processes are highly dynamic under physiological conditions and modulate cell migration. To better understand the precise dynamics of cell migration, we measured the spatiotemporal redistribution of cellular traction stresses (force per area) during fibroblast migration at a submicron level and correlated it with nuclear translocation, an indicator of cell migration, on a physiologically relevant extracellular matrix mimic. We found that nuclear translocation occurred in pulses whose magnitude was larger on the low ligand density surfaces than on the high ligand density surfaces. Large nuclear translocations only occurred on low ligand density surfaces when the rear traction stresses completely relocated to a posterior nuclear location, whereas such relocation took much longer time on high ligand density surfaces, probably due to the greater magnitude of traction stresses. Nuclear distortion was also observed as the traction stresses redistributed. Our results suggest that the reinforcement of the traction stresses around the nucleus as well as the relaxation of nuclear deformation are critical steps during fibroblast migration, serving as a speed regulator, which must be considered in any dynamic molecular reconstruction model of tissue cell migration. A traction gradient foreshortening model was proposed to explain how the relocation of rear traction stresses leads to pulsed fibroblast migration.
The Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20811396
Fibronectin (FN) is required for embryogenesis, morphogenesis, and wound repair, and its Arg-Gly-Asp-containing central cell-binding domain (CCBD) is essential for mesenchymal cell survival and growth. Here, we demonstrate that FN contains three growth factor-binding domains (FN-GFBDs) that bind platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), a potent fibroblast survival and mitogenic factor. These sites bind PDGF-BB with dissociation constants of 10-100 nM. FN-null cells cultured on recombinant CCBD (FNIII(8-11)) without a FN-GFBD demonstrated minimal metabolism and underwent autophagy at 24 hours, followed by apoptosis at 72 hours, even in the presence of PDGF-BB. In contrast, FN-null cells plated on FNIII(8-11) contiguous with FN-GFBD survived without, and proliferated with, PDGF-BB. FN-null cell survival on FNIII(8-11) and noncontiguous arrays of FN-GFBDs required these domains to be adsorbed on the same surface, suggesting the existence of a mesenchymal cell-extracellular matrix synapse. Thus, fibroblast survival required GF stimulation in the presence of a FN-GFBD, as well as adhesion to FN through the CCBD. The findings that fibroblast survival is dependent on FN-GFBD underscore the critical importance of pericellular matrix for cell survival and have significant implications for cutaneous wound healing and regeneration.
Taxol Directly Induces Endoplasmic Reticulum-associated Calcium Changes That Promote Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells
The Breast Journal. Jan-Feb, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21073601
Calcium, a key regulator of cell survival, is also important in regulating apoptosis. Although the chemotherapeutic agent Taxol employs apoptosis to induce cell death, the exact mechanism of how it induces apoptosis and the role of calcium in this process remains unclear. The main intracellular calcium storehouse, the endoplasmic reticulum, was identified as a new important gateway in apoptosis, possibly providing a target for Taxol. The goal of this study was to investigate whether calcium changes associated with the endoplasmic reticulum, were directly or indirectly generated by Taxol at clinically relevant doses, and related to Taxol-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Time-lapsed imaging techniques followed by an endoplasmic reticulum-targeted construct, cameleon D1ER, were used to monitor cytosol--endoplasmic reticulum calcium dynamics in MDA-MB-468 (Bcl-2 negative) and MCF 7 (Bcl-2 positive) breast carcinoma cells. Apoptosis levels were measured with Annexin V and Propidium Iodide (PI) using flow cytometry. In both cell lines, Taxol at 2.5μM (∼10(-6) M) was observed to induce significant internal calcium changes, first a rapid endoplasmic reticulum calcium release and a transient cytosolic calcium increase upon Taxol addition. After several hours of Taxol treatment, the endoplasmic reticulum calcium store was gradually depleted, and a sustained cytosolic calcium elevation was observed before significant induction of apoptosis. Inhibition of these calcium changes decreased Taxol-induced apoptosis levels. In contrast, 0.2μM Taxol (∼10(-7)M) induced only a slight cellular calcium change, not enough to regulate apoptosis. Our findings demonstrate that endoplasmic reticulum calcium stores provide a direct target for Taxol action and are important for induction of apoptosis, independent of Bcl-2 status. Furthermore, our results show for the first time, that the role of calcium in Taxol-induced endoplasmic reticulum-mediated apoptosis is dependent on Taxol dosage.
Liver Enzymes Concentrations Are Closely Related to Prediabetes: Findings of the Shanghai Diabetes Study II (SHDS II)
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences : BES. Feb, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22424624
To investigate the relationship of liver enzymes with hyperglycemia in a large population in Shanghai and identify the association between liver enzymes and insulin resistance.