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October, 2006
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 JoVE Neuroscience

Immunohistochemical and Calcium Imaging Methods in Wholemount Rat Retina

1Department of Neurobiology, University of California, Los Angeles, 2Veterans Administration Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 3Departments of Physiology & Biophysics and Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, Dalhousie University, 4Departments of Neurobiology and Medicine, Jules Stein Eye Institute, CURE-Digestive Diseases Research Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles

 Science Education: Essentials of Neuroscience

Calcium Imaging in Neurons

JoVE Science Education

Calcium ions play an integral role in neuron function: They act as intracellular signals that can elicit responses such as altered gene expression and neurotransmitter release from synaptic vesicles. Within the cell, calcium concentration is highly dynamic due to the presence of pumps that selectively transport these ions in response to a variety of signals. Calcium imaging takes advantage of intracellular calcium flux to directly visualize calcium signaling in living neurons.This video begins with an overview of the key reagents used for this technique, known as calcium indicator dyes. The discussion includes an introduction to the commonly used dye Fura-2 and some basic principles behind how both ratiometric and non-ratiometric calcium indicators work. Next, a typical calcium imaging experiment is presented, from preparing the cells and dye to capturing and analyzing the fluorescent images. Finally, several experimental applications of calcium imaging are provided, such as the study of neuronal network activity and sensory processing.

 JoVE Bioengineering

Using Microfluidics Chips for Live Imaging and Study of Injury Responses in Drosophila Larvae

1Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 3Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, 4Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, 5Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan

 JoVE Biology

Measuring Spatial and Temporal Ca2+ Signals in Arabidopsis Plants

1Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Purdue University, 2Bindley Bioscience Center, Purdue University, 3Institute of Biotechnology, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 4College of Environmental & Resource Science, Zhejiang University, 5Dryland Agriculture Research Centre, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 6Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences

 JoVE Neuroscience

Vibrodissociation of Neurons from Rodent Brain Slices to Study Synaptic Transmission and Image Presynaptic Terminals

1Section on Synaptic Pharmacology/Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2Department of Electronics Engineering, Ewha Womans University, 3Section on Transmitter Signaling/Laboratory of Molecular Physiology, National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

 JoVE Neuroscience

Design, Surface Treatment, Cellular Plating, and Culturing of Modular Neuronal Networks Composed of Functionally Inter-connected Circuits

1Department of Neurobiology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, 2Department of Neuroscience and Brain Technologies, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, 3School of Electrical Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, 4School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel-Aviv University, 5Department of Informatics, Bioengineering, Robotics and System Engineering, University of Genova

 JoVE Chemistry

Synthesis, Cellular Delivery and In vivo Application of Dendrimer-based pH Sensors

1Institute for Complex Molecular Systems & Laboratory of Macromolecular and Organic Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology & NEST, Scuola Normale Superiore and Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR, 2NEST, Scuola Normale Superiore and Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR & IIT@NEST, Center for Nanotechnology Innovation, 3NEST, Scuola Normale Superiore and Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR, 4IIT@NEST, Center for Nanotechnology Innovation

 JoVE Neuroscience

In Vivo Two-photon Imaging Of Experience-dependent Molecular Changes In Cortical Neurons

1Unit on Neural Circuits and Adaptive Behaviors, Genes Cognition and Psychosis Program, National Institute of Mental Health, 2Department of Neuroscience, Brown University - National Institutes of Health Graduate Partnership Program, 3Section on Synaptic Pharmacology, Laboratory for Integrative Neuroscience, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 4Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme, Champalimaud Center for the Unknown

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