Here we report the generation of Tre recombinase through directed, molecular evolution. Tre recombinase recognizes a pre-defined target sequence within the LTR sequences of the HIV-1 provirus, resulting in the excision and eradication of the provirus from infected human cells. While still in its infancy, directed molecular evolution will allow the creation of custom enzymes that will serve as tools of molecular surgery and molecular medicine.
1ARC Centre for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology, Department of Quantum Science, The Australian National University
The gradient echo memory is a protocol for storing optical quantum states of light in atomic ensembles. Quantum memory is a key element of a quantum repeater, which can extend the range of quantum key distribution. We outline the operation of the scheme when implemented in a 3-level atomic ensemble.
Membrane-SPINE: A Biochemical Tool to Identify Protein-protein Interactions of Membrane Proteins In Vivo
1Molekulare Mikrobiologie, Universität Osnabrück
A biochemical approach is described to identify in vivo protein-protein interactions (PPI) of membrane proteins. The method combines protein cross-linking, affinity purification and mass spectrometry, and is adaptable to almost any cell type or organism. With this approach, even the identification of transient PPIs becomes possible.
1Department of Microbiology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 2Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 3Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 4Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been extensively studied in the last few years in order to develop new vectors for vaccination and therapy, among others. These studies have been possible due to techniques to rescue recombinant virus from cDNA, such as those we describe here.
1Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Pennsylvania, 2Biomedical Graduate Studies, University of Pennsylvania, 3Department of Animal Biology and Center for Animal Transgenesis and Germ Cell Research, University of Pennsylvania, 4Department of Genetics, University of Pennsylvania, 5Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania
The STA-PUT method allows for the separation of different populations of spermatogenic cells based on size and density.
"Freeze-cracking," a method for exposing the inner tissues of the nematode C. elegans to antibodies for protein localization, is demonstrated.
1Bioprocess Engineering, Wageningen University and Research Center, 2AlgaePARC, Wageningen University and Research Center, 3Food and Biobased Research, Wageningen University and Research Center
A method for the determination of fatty acid content and composition in microalgae based on mechanical cell disruption, solvent based lipid extraction, transesterification, and quantification and identification of fatty acids using gas chromatography is described. A tripentadecanoin internal standard is used to compensate for the possible losses during extraction and incomplete transesterification.
Protocols for Assessing Radiofrequency Interactions with Gold Nanoparticles and Biological Systems for Non-invasive Hyperthermia Cancer Therapy
We describe the protocols used to investigate the interactions of 13.56 MHz radiofrequency (RF) electric-fields with gold nanoparticle colloids in both non-biological and biological systems (in vitro/vivo). These interactions are being investigated for applications in cancer therapy.
Flow Cytometric Analysis of Bimolecular Fluorescence Complementation: A High Throughput Quantitative Method to Study Protein-protein Interaction
Flow cytometric analysis of Bimolecular Fluorescence Complementation provides a high throughput quantitative method to study protein-protein interaction. This methodology can be applied to mapping protein binding sites and for screening factors that regulate protein-protein interaction.
1Unité de Génétique, Papillomavirus et Cancer Humain (GPCH), Institut Pasteur, 2Cellule Pasteur, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 3Center for Cancer Systems Biology (CCSB), Harvard Medical School, Department of Cancer Biology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute
This article focuses on the identification of high-confident interaction datasets between host and pathogen proteins using a combination of two orthogonal methods: yeast two-hybrid followed by a high-throughput interaction assay in mammalian cells called HT-GPCA.