1Department of Physical Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, 3Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois, 4Department of Cell Research and Immunology, Tel Aviv University
This article is a part ofJoVE General. If you think this article would be useful for your research, please recommend JoVE to your institution's librarian.Recommend JoVE to Your Librarian
Current Access Through Your IP Address
Current Access Through Your Registered Email Address
Danielli, A., Porat, N., Ehrlich, M., Arie, A. Rapid Homogeneous Detection of Biological Assays Using Magnetic Modulation Biosensing System. J. Vis. Exp. (40), e1935, doi:10.3791/1935 (2010).
Visual inspection of the aggregated beads presented a distinct difference between the reaction with the target and the reaction without the target. In all the reactions with the target, the beads formed a single, dense aggregate that moved in and out the laser beam in a unite manner. However, in all the reaction without the target, the beads were less aggregated and their motion was less unite (see Figure 1).
Figure 1: visual inspection of the sandwich' immunoassay (a) without the target IL-8 (b) With the target IL-8.
The pole modulation clock (yellow) and the PMT output signal (magenta) while detecting 0.48 pico-gram IL-8 target are presented in Figure 1(a). The modulation frequency for each pole is at 2 Hz. However, as it was theoretically expected, when the beads pass the laser beam, the PMT detects the fluorescent light and there is a peak in the PMT output voltage. Therefore, the demodulation frequency is at 4 Hz. When the PMT signal and the doubled-modulation clock (at 4 Hz) are fed to the lock in amplifier, the sensitive phase detector detects the synchronization and results with high voltage (see Figure 2).
Figure 2: (a) the modulation clock (yellow) and the PMT signal (magenta) when detection 0.48 pico-gram IL-8 target. (b) The resulted lock in amplifier voltage at two different scans.
The lock in amplifier didn't detect any signal when the control sample was tested. This fact, together with the visual difference in aggregation suggests that the MMB system can clearly identify the presence of IL-8 target.
In summary, we showed that the MMB system can be used to detect the presence of IL-8 target at low concentrations (0.5 pico-gram is the detection limit of the Bio-Plex Precision Pro cytokine assays [3,4]). The ability of the system is not limited to IL-8 and can be used to detect other proteins. The advantages of the MMB system are the ability to detect the target rapidly and without any separation or washing step. Thus, it facilitates the detection process and allows the system to be used in field applications.
This work was partly supported by the Ishaya Horowitz Fund.
|Bio-Plex Pro Human Cytokine IL-8 set||Bio-Rad||171-B5008M|
|Recombinant human IL-8 target||Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc.||R202625|
|Biotinylated monoclonal mouse anti human IL-8 antibody G265-8||BD Biosciences||554718|
|Streptavidin coupled fluorescent protein||Bio-Rad||Streptavidin PE|