In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (1)
Articles by Aaron C. Shang in JoVE
Using Multi-fluorinated Bile Acids and In Vivo Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Measure Bile Acid Transport Jessica Felton1, Kunrong Cheng2, Anan Said2, Aaron C. Shang2, Su Xu3, Diana Vivian4, Melissa Metry5, James E. Polli5, Jean-Pierre Raufman2,6 1Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 2Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 3Department of Radiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 4Food and Drug Administration, 5Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, 6VA Maryland Health Care System Tools to diagnose bile acid malabsorption and measure bile acid transport in vivo are limited. An innovative approach in live animals is described that utilizes combined proton (1H) plus fluorine (19F) magnetic resonance imaging; this novel methodology has translational potential to screen for bile acid malabsorption in clinical practice.
Other articles by Aaron C. Shang on PubMed
Slc10a2-null Mice Uncover Colon Cancer-promoting Actions of Endogenous Fecal Bile Acids Carcinogenesis. Oct, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 26210740 Although epidemiological evidence in humans and bile acid feeding studies in rodents implicate bile acids as tumor promoters, the role of endogenous bile acids in colon carcinogenesis remains unclear. In this study, we exploited mice deficient in the ileal apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT, encoded by SLC10A2) in whom fecal bile acid excretion is augmented more than 10-fold. Wild-type and Asbt-deficient (Slc10a2 (-/-) ) male mice were treated with azoxymethane (AOM) alone to examine the development of aberrant crypt foci, the earliest histological marker of colon neoplasia and a combination of AOM and dextran sulfate sodium to induce colon tumor formation. Asbt-deficient mice exhibited a 54% increase in aberrant crypt foci, and 70 and 59% increases in colon tumor number and size, respectively. Compared to littermate controls, Asbt-deficient mice had a striking, 2-fold increase in the number of colon adenocarcinomas. Consistent with previous studies demonstrating a role for muscarinic and epidermal growth factor receptor signaling in bile acid-induced colon neoplasia, increasing bile acid malabsorption was associated with M3 muscarinic and epidermal growth factor receptor expression, and activation of extracellular signal-related kinase, a key post-receptor signaling molecule.