In JoVE (1)
Articles by Albert L. Ruff in JoVE
High Throughput SiRNA Screening for Chloropicrin and Hydrogen Fluoride-Induced Cornea Epithelial Cell Injury John G. Lehman1, Robert D. Causey1, Cristina V. LaGrasta1, Albert L. Ruff1 1US Army Medical Research Institute of Chemical Defense High throughput small inhibitory RNA screening is an important tool that could help to more rapidly elucidate the molecular mechanisms of chemical cornea epithelial injury. Herein, we present the development and validation of exposure models and methods for the high throughput screening of hydrogen fluoride- and chloropicrin-induced cornea epithelial injury.
Other articles by Albert L. Ruff on PubMed
Signaling Molecules in Sulfur Mustard-induced Cutaneous Injury Eplasty. | Pubmed ID: 18213398 Sulfur mustard (SM) is a potent alkylating agent that can induce severe cutaneous injury. Though much is known regarding the gross pathology of SM injury, the molecular and cellular basis for this pathology is not well understood. General cellular processes such as inflammation, DNA damage response, and apoptosis have been hypothesized to be involved in SM injury. However, the specific molecules, signaling pathways, and gene products involved in the pathogenesis of SM injury have not been elucidated. This review discusses the molecular mechanisms observed in in vivo and in vitro models of cutaneous SM injury.
Identification and Validation of Vesicant Therapeutic Targets Using a High-throughput SiRNA Screening Approach Archives of Toxicology. | Pubmed ID: 25537185 Sulfur mustard [SM, bis-(2-chloroethyl) sulfide] is a highly reactive bifunctional alkylating agent that has been used as a vesicating agent in warfare scenarios to induce severe lung, skin, and eye injury. SM cutaneous lesions are characterized by both vesication and severe inflammation, but the molecular mechanisms that lead to these signs and symptoms are not well understood. There is a pressing need for effective therapeutics to treat this injury. An understanding of the molecular mechanisms of injury and identification of potential therapeutic targets is necessary for rational therapeutic development. We have applied a high-throughput small interfering RNA (siRNA) screening approach to the problem of SM cutaneous injury in an effort to meet these needs. Our siRNA screening efforts have initially focused on SM-induced inflammation in cutaneous injury since chronic inflammation after exposure appears to play a role in progressive clinical pathology, and intervention may improve clinical outcome. Also, targets that mitigate cellular injury should reduce the inflammatory response. Historical microarray data on this injury were mined for targets and pathways implicated in inflammation, and a siRNA library of 2,017 targets was assembled for screening. Primary screening and library deconvolution were performed using human HaCaT keratinocytes and focused on cell death and inflammatory markers as end points. Using this in vitro approach, we have identified and validated novel targets for the potential treatment of SM-induced cutaneous injury.