Articles by Bert Berla in JoVE
Metabole route Bevestiging en Discovery door 13 C-etikettering van proteïnogene aminozuren Le You1, Lawrence Page2, Xueyang Feng1, Bert Berla1, Himadri B. Pakrasi3, Yinjie J. Tang1 1Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University, 2Department of Biology, Washington University, 3Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering and Department of Biology, Washington University 13 C-isotoop labeling is een nuttige techniek voor het bepalen van de cel centrale metabolisme voor verschillende soorten micro-organismen. Na de cellen zijn gekweekt met een specifiek gelabeld substraat, kunnen GC-MS metingen onthullen functionele metabole routes op basis van unieke patronen in de etikettering proteïnogene aminozuren.
Other articles by Bert Berla on PubMed
Mixotrophic and Photoheterotrophic Metabolism in Cyanothece Sp. ATCC 51142 Under Continuous Light Microbiology (Reading, England). Aug, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20430816 The unicellular diazotrophic cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. ATCC 51142 (Cyanothece 51142) is able to grow aerobically under nitrogen-fixing conditions with alternating light-dark cycles or continuous illumination. This study investigated the effects of carbon and nitrogen sources on Cyanothece 51142 metabolism via (13)C-assisted metabolite analysis and biochemical measurements. Under continuous light (50 mumol photons m(-2) s(-1)) and nitrogen-fixing conditions, we found that glycerol addition promoted aerobic biomass growth (by twofold) and nitrogenase-dependent hydrogen production [up to 25 mumol H(2) (mg chlorophyll)( -1) h(-1)], but strongly reduced phototrophic CO(2) utilization. Under nitrogen-sufficient conditions, Cyanothece 51142 was able to metabolize glycerol photoheterotrophically, and the activity of light-dependent reactions (e.g. oxygen evolution) was not significantly reduced. In contrast, Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 showed apparent mixotrophic metabolism under similar growth conditions. Isotopomer analysis also detected that Cyanothece 51142 was able to fix CO(2) via anaplerotic pathways, and to take up glucose and pyruvate for mixotrophic biomass synthesis.
Sulphate As a Xylem-borne Chemical Signal Precedes the Expression of ABA Biosynthetic Genes in Maize Roots Journal of Experimental Botany. Jul, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20566566 Recent reports suggest that early sensing of soil water stress by plant roots and the concomitant reduction in stomatal conductance may not be mediated by root-sourced abscisic acid (ABA), but that other xylem-borne chemicals may be the primary stress signal(s). To gain more insight into the role of root-sourced ABA, the timing and location of the expression of genes for key enzymes involved in ABA biosynthesis in Zea mays roots was measured and a comprehensive analysis of root xylem sap constituents from the early to the later stages of water stress was conducted. Xylem sap and roots were sampled from plants at an early stage of water stress when only a reduction in leaf conductance was measured, as well as at later stages when leaf xylem pressure potential decreased. It was found that the majority of ABA biosynthetic genes examined were only significantly expressed in the elongation region of roots at a later stage of water stress. Apart from ABA, sulphate was the only xylem-borne chemical that consistently showed significantly higher concentrations from the early to the later stages of stress. Moreover, there was an interactive effect of ABA and sulphate in decreasing maize transpiration rate and Vicia faba stomatal aperture, as compared to ABA alone. The expression of a sulphate transporter gene was also analysed and it was found that it had increased in the elongation region of roots from the early to the later stages of water stress. Our results support the suggestion that in the early stage of water stress, increased levels of ABA in xylem sap may not be due to root biosynthesis, ABA glucose ester catabolism or pH-mediated redistribution, but may be due to shoot biosynthesis and translocation to the roots. The analysis of xylem sap mineral content and bioassays indicate that the anti-transpirant effect of the ABA reaching the stomata at the early stages of water stress may be enhanced by the increased concentrations of sulphate in the xylem which is also transported from the roots to the leaves.