Articles by Chiara Bertora in JoVE
Headspace के भीतर पौधों को बनाए रखने के स्थैतिक बंद कक्षों के माध्यम से धान क्षेत्र से मीथेन और नाइट्रस ऑक्साइड प्रवाह का आकलन Chiara Bertora1, Matteo Peyron1, Simone Pelissetti2, Carlo Grignani1, Dario Sacco1 1Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, University of Turin, 2UPTOFARM इस प्रोटोकॉल के समग्र लक्ष्य को धान के खेतों से ग्रीनहाउस गैस के उत्सर्जन को मापने के लिए स्थिर बंद चैंबर तकनीक का उपयोग कर रहा है । मापन प्रणाली के क्षेत्र में दोनों एक स्थाई पानी की परत और पौधों के चैंबर headspace के भीतर की उपस्थिति के कारण विशिष्ट समायोजन की जरूरत है ।
Other articles by Chiara Bertora on PubMed
Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Soil Properties Following Amendment with Manure-derived Biochars: Influence of Pyrolysis Temperature and Feedstock Type Journal of Environmental Management. Jan, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26484602 Manure-derived biochars can offer a potential option for the stabilization of manure, while mitigating climate change through carbon sequestration and the attenuation of nitrous oxide emission. A laboratory incubation study was conducted to assess the effects of four different manure-derived biochars produced from different feedstocks (poultry litter and swine manure) at different temperatures (400 or 600 °C). A commonly available standard wood chip biochar, produced at a greater temperature (1000 °C), and non-amended treatments were used as references. Two different soils (sandy and silt-loam) were amended with 2% (w/w) biochar on a dry soil weight basis (corresponding to 20 Mg ha(-1)), with the soil moisture being adjusted to 75% saturation level. After a pre-incubation period (21 days), 170 kg N ha(-1) of NH4NO3 fertilizer was added. Measurements of CO2, N2O, CH4 emissions and soil N mineralisation were carried out on different days during the 85 days of incubation. The net C mineralization and N2O emissions from both soils amended with poultry litter biochar at 400 °C were significantly greater than the other biochar treatments. Nitrate availability was greater in both soils in which the manure-derived biochar was used instead of the standard biochar. All of the biochars increased the pH of the silt-loam, sub-acid soil, but failed to improve the cation exchange capacities (CEC) in either soil. Total C and N, P, K and Mg (except Ca) were significantly increased in the manure-derived biochar amended soils, compared to the Control, and were positively correlated to the biochar nutrient contents. This study indicates that the soil application of biochar engenders effects that can vary considerably according to the biochar properties, as determined on the basis of the feedstock types and process conditions. Low-temperature biochar production from manure represents a possible way of producing a soil amendment that can stabilize C while supplying a significant quantity of nutrients.