Articles by Cori Wijaya in JoVE
Acute Myocardial Infarction in Rats Yewen Wu1, Xing Yin2, Cori Wijaya2, Ming-He Huang1, Bradley K. McConnell2 1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Texas Medical Branch, 2Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Houston (UH), Texas Medical Center The rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is useful to study the consequence of a MI on cardiac pathophysiological and physiological function.
Other articles by Cori Wijaya on PubMed
Characterization of the Prostaglandin H2 Mimic: Binding to the Purified Human Thromboxane A2 Receptor in Solution Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. Sep, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 18590695 For decades, the binding of prostaglandin H(2) (PGH(2)) to multiple target proteins of unrelated protein structures which mediate diverse biological functions has remained a real mystery in the field of eicosanoid biology. Here, we report that the structure of a PGH(2) mimic, U46619, bound to the purified human TP, was determined and compared with that of its conformation bound to the COX-downstream synthases, prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) and thromboxane A(2) synthase (TXAS). Active human TP protein, glycosylated and in full length, was expressed in Sf-9 cells using a baculovirus (BV) expression system and then purified to near homogeneity. The binding of U46619 to the purified receptor in a nonionic detergent-mimicked lipid environment was characterized by high-resolution NMR spectroscopy. The conformational change of U46619, upon binding to the active TP, was evidenced by the significant perturbation of the chemical shifts of its protons at H3 and H4 in a concentration-dependent manner. The detailed conformational changes and 3D structure of U46619 from the free form to the TP-bound form were further solved by 2D (1)H NMR experiments using a transferred NOE (trNOE) technique. The distances between the protons of H11 and H18, H11 and H19, H15 and H18, and H15 and H19 in U46619 were shorter following their binding to the TP in solution, down to within 5A, which were different than that of the U46619 bound to PGIS and U44069 (another PGH(2) mimic) bound to TXAS. These shorter distances led to further separation of the U46619 alpha and omega chains, forming a unique "rectangular" shape. This enabled the molecule to fit into the ligand-binding site pocket of a TP model, in which homology modeling was used for the transmembrane (TM) domain, and NMR structures were used for the extramembrane loops. The proton perturbations and 3D conformations in the TP-bound U46619 were different with that of the PGH(2) mimics bound to PGIS and TXAS. The studies indicated that PGH(2) can adopt multiple conformations in solution to satisfy the specific and unique shapes to fit the different binding pockets in the TP receptor and COX-downstream enzymes. The results also provided sufficient information for speculating the molecular basis of how PGH(2) binds to multiple target proteins even though unrelated in their protein sequences.
An Active Triple-catalytic Hybrid Enzyme Engineered by Linking Cyclo-oxygenase Isoform-1 to Prostacyclin Synthase That Can Constantly Biosynthesize Prostacyclin, the Vascular Protector The FEBS Journal. Dec, 2008 | Pubmed ID: 19021758 It remains a challenge to achieve the stable and long-term expression (in human cell lines) of a previously engineered hybrid enzyme [triple-catalytic (Trip-cat) enzyme-2; Ruan KH, Deng H & So SP (2006) Biochemistry45, 14003-14011], which links cyclo-oxygenase isoform-2 (COX-2) to prostacyclin (PGI(2)) synthase (PGIS) for the direct conversion of arachidonic acid into PGI(2) through the enzyme's Trip-cat functions. The stable upregulation of the biosynthesis of the vascular protector, PGI(2), in cells is an ideal model for the prevention and treatment of thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2))-mediated thrombosis and vasoconstriction, both of which cause stroke, myocardial infarction, and hypertension. Here, we report another case of engineering of the Trip-cat enzyme, in which human cyclo-oxygenase isoform-1, which has a different C-terminal sequence from COX-2, was linked to PGI(2) synthase and called Trip-cat enzyme-1. Transient expression of recombinant Trip-cat enzyme-1 in HEK293 cells led to 3-5-fold higher expression capacity and better PGI(2)-synthesizing activity as compared to that of the previously engineered Trip-cat enzyme-2. Furthermore, an HEK293 cell line that can stably express the active new Trip-cat enzyme-1 and constantly synthesize the bioactive PGI(2) was established by a screening approach. In addition, the stable HEK293 cell line, with constant production of PGI(2), revealed strong antiplatelet aggregation properties through its unique dual functions (increasing PGI(2) production while decreasing TXA(2) production) in TXA(2) synthase-rich plasma. This study has optimized engineering of the active Trip-cat enzyme, allowing it to become the first to stably upregulate PGI(2) biosynthesis in a human cell line, which provides a basis for developing a PGI(2)-producing therapeutic cell line for use against vascular diseases.
Heart Protection by Combination Therapy with Esmolol and Milrinone at Late-ischemia and Early Reperfusion Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy / Sponsored by the International Society of Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy. Jun, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 21562974 The present study determined whether late-ischemia/early reperfusion therapy with the Î²(1)-adrenergic receptor (AR) blocker esmolol and phosphodiesterase III inhibitor milrinone reduced left ventricular (LV) myocardial infarct size (IS).