Articles by Csörsz Nagy in JoVE
Study of In Vivo Glucose Metabolism in High-fat Diet-fed Mice Using Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) and Insulin Tolerance Test (ITT) Csörsz Nagy1, Elisa Einwallner1 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Vienna The current article describes the generation and metabolic characterization of high-fat diet-fed mice as a model of diet-induced insulin resistance and obesity. It further features detailed protocols to perform the oral glucose tolerance test and the insulin tolerance test, monitoring whole-body alterations of glucose metabolism in vivo.
Other articles by Csörsz Nagy on PubMed
Sedoheptulose Kinase Regulates Cellular Carbohydrate Metabolism by Sedoheptulose 7-phosphate Supply Biochemical Society Transactions. | Pubmed ID: 23514175 Dynamic carbon re-routing between catabolic and anabolic metabolism is an essential element of cellular transformation associated with tumour formation and immune cell activation. Such bioenergetic adaptations are important for cellular function and therefore require tight control. Carbohydrate phosphorylation has been proposed as a rate-limiting step of several metabolic networks. The recent identification of a sedoheptulose kinase indicated that free sedoheptulose is a relevant and accessible carbon source in humans. Furthermore, the bioavailability of its phosphorylated form, sedoheptulose 7-phosphate, appears to function as a rheostat for carbon-flux at the interface of glycolysis and the pentose phosphate pathway. In the present paper, we review reports of sedoheptulose metabolism, compare it with glucose metabolism, and discuss the regulation of sedoheptulose kinase as mechanism to achieve bioenergetic reprogramming in cells.
Time and Demand Are Two Critical Dimensions of Immunometabolism: The Process of Macrophage Activation and the Pentose Phosphate Pathway Frontiers in Immunology. | Pubmed ID: 25904920 A process is a function of time; in immunometabolism, this is reflected by the stepwise adaptation of metabolism to sustain the bio-energetic demand of an immune-response in its various states and shades. This perspective article starts by presenting an early attempt to investigate the physiology of inflammation, in order to illustrate one of the basic concepts of immunometabolism, wherein an adapted metabolism of infiltrating immune cells affects tissue function and inflammation. We then focus on the process of macrophage activation and aim to delineate the factor time within the current molecular context of metabolic-rewiring important for adapting primary carbohydrate metabolism. In the last section, we will provide information on how the pentose phosphate pathway may be of importance to provide both nucleotide precursors and redox-equivalents, and speculate how carbon-scrambling events in the non-oxidative pentose phosphate pathway might be regulated within cells by demand. We conclude that the adapted metabolism of inflammation is specific in respect to the effector-function and appears as a well-orchestrated event, dynamic by nature, and based on a functional interplay of signaling- and metabolic-pathways.
Exploring Metabolic Configurations of Single Cells Within Complex Tissue Microenvironments Cell Metabolism. | Pubmed ID: 28889950 Over the past years, plenty of evidence has emerged illustrating how metabolism supports many aspects of cellular function and how metabolic reprogramming can drive cell differentiation and fate. Here, we present a method to assess the metabolic configuration of single cells within their native tissue microenvironment via the visualization and quantification of multiple enzymatic activities measured at saturating substrate conditions combined with subsequent cell type identification. After careful validation of the approach and to demonstrate its potential, we assessed the intracellular metabolic configuration of different human immune cell populations in healthy and tumor colon tissue. Additionally, we analyzed the intercellular metabolic relationship between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts in a breast cancer tissue array. This study demonstrates that the determination of metabolic configurations in single cells could be a powerful complementary tool for every researcher interested to study metabolic networks in situ.