In JoVE (1)
Articles by Dongsheng Xu in JoVE
Improving the Application of High Molecular Weight Biotinylated Dextran Amine for Thalamocortical Projection Tracing in the Rat Dongsheng Xu*1, Jingjing Cui*1, Jia Wang1, Zhiyun Zhang1, Chen She1, Wanzhu Bai1 1Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Here, we present a refined protocol to effectively reveal biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) labeling with a fluorescent staining method through a reciprocal neural pathway. It is suitable for analyzing the fine structure of BDA labeling and distinguishing it from other neural elements under a confocal laser scanning microscope.
Other articles by Dongsheng Xu on PubMed
Local Cutaneous Nerve Terminal and Mast Cell Responses to Manual Acupuncture in Acupoint LI4 Area of the Rats Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. | Pubmed ID: 26148746 Previous studies have shown that the effects of manual acupuncture (MA) are contributed by collagen fibers and mast cells in local acupoints, at which acupuncture stimulation causes various afferent fiber groups to be excited. However what happens in local nerve fibers and mast cells after MA remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the response of cutaneous nerve fibers and mast cells to MA stimulation in acupoint Hegu (LI4). The contralateral LI4 of the same rat was used as a non-stimulated control. Immnohistochemistry analysis were carried out to observe the expression of histamine (HA), serotonin (5-HT) and nociceptive neuropeptides, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and substance P (SP), in the LI4 area. Mast cells were labeled with anti-mast cell tryptase antibody and simultaneously with HA or 5-HT primary antibodies to observe their co-expression. Our results showed that SP and CGRP were expressed more highly on the cutaneous nerve fibers of LI4 after MA stimulation than that of the control. Mast cells aggregated in close proximity to the blood vessels in intra-epidermis and dermis and some of them with degranulation in the lower dermis and subcutaneous tissue of LI4. Both mast cells and their granules appeared with HA (+) and 5-HT (+) expression at stimulated L14 sites, while a few intact mast cells with a little expression of 5-HT and HA were distributed in areas of non-stimulated L14. The results indicated that local cutaneous nerve terminals and mast cells responded to MA with higher expression of SP and CGRP in nerve fibers, as well as with aggregation and degranulation of mast cells with HA and 5-HT granules at acupoint LI4. These neuroactive substances may convey signals to certain pathways that contribute to the effects of acupuncture.
Neuroanatomical Characteristics of Deep and Superficial Needling Using LI11 As an Example Acupuncture in Medicine : Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society. | Pubmed ID: 26490338 To compare the neuroanatomical characteristics of the deep and superficial tissues at acupuncture point LI11 using a neural tracing technique, in order to examine the neural basis of potential differences between deep and superficial needling techniques.
Anterograde and Retrograde Tracing with High Molecular Weight Biotinylated Dextran Amine Through Thalamocortical and Corticothalamic Pathways Microscopy Research and Technique. | Pubmed ID: 27862607 Biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) has been used for neural pathway tracing in the central nervous system for many decades, in which high molecular weight BDA appeared to be transported predominantly in the anterograde direction and less in the retrograde direction. In the current study, we reexamined the properties of neural labeling with high molecular weight BDA through a reciprocal neural pathway between thalamus and somatosensory cortex. After injection of BDA into the ventral posteromedial nucleus of thalamus (VPM) in the rat, the BDA labeling was sequentially examined on somatosensory cortex at 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 survival days. Both of anterogradely labeled axonal terminals and retrogradely labeled neuronal cell bodies were observed simultaneously on the somatosensory cortex. With the increasing of survival times after injection, morphological changes occurred on the labeled axonal arbors and neuronal dendrites, in which the high quality of BDA labeling appeared on the tenth survival day. These results indicate that high molecular weight BDA is not only a sensitive anterograde tracer but also an excellent retrograde marker to be used for tracing through thalamocortical and corticothalamic pathways. And the detailed structure of neural labeling with BDA similar to Golgi-like resolution can be obtained at optimal survival times of animals after the injection of high molecular weight BDA.