Articles by Dustin R. Masser in JoVE
Targeted DNA Methylation Analysis by Next-generation Sequencing Dustin R. Masser1, David R. Stanford1, Willard M. Freeman1,2 1Department of Physiology, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, 2Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine Bisulfite amplicon sequencing (BSAS) is a method for quantifying cytosine methylation in targeted genomic regions of interest. This method uses bisulfite conversion paired with PCR amplification of target regions prior to next-generation sequencing to produce absolute quantitation of DNA methylation at a base-specific level.
Other articles by Dustin R. Masser on PubMed
Focused, High Accuracy 5-methylcytosine Quantitation with Base Resolution by Benchtop Next-generation Sequencing Epigenetics & Chromatin. 2013 | Pubmed ID: 24279302 The growing interest in the role of epigenetic modifications in human health and disease has led to the development of next-generation sequencing methods for whole genome analysis of DNA methylation patterns. However, many projects require targeted methylation analysis of specific genes or genomic regions. We have developed an approach, termed BiSulfite Amplicon Sequencing (BSAS), for hypothesis driven and focused absolute DNA methylation analysis. This approach is applicable both to targeted DNA methylation studies as well as to confirmation of genome-wide studies.
Insulin Treatment Normalizes Retinal Neuroinflammation but Not Markers of Synapse Loss in Diabetic Rats Experimental Eye Research. Aug, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24931083 Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness in developed countries, and a majority of patients with type I and type II diabetes will develop some degree of vision loss despite blood glucose control regimens. The effects of different insulin therapy regimens on early metabolic, inflammatory and neuronal retinal disease processes such as retinal neuroinflammation and synapse loss have not been extensively investigated. This study compared 3 months non-diabetic and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic Sprague Dawley rats. Diabetic rats received either no insulin treatment, systemic insulin treatment beginning after 1 week uncontrolled diabetes (early intervention, 11 weeks on insulin), or after 1.5 months uncontrolled diabetes (late intervention, 6 weeks on insulin). Changes in both whole animal metabolic and retinal inflammatory markers were prevented by early initiation of insulin treatment. These metabolic and inflammatory changes were also normalized by the later insulin intervention. Insulin treatment begun 1 week after diabetes induction ameliorated loss of retinal synapse markers. Synapse markers and presumably synapse numbers were equivalent in uncontrolled diabetes and when insulin treatment began at 1.5 months of diabetes. These findings are in agreement with previous demonstrations that retinal synapses are lost within 1 month of uncontrolled diabetes and suggest that synapses are not regained with glycemic control and restoration of insulin signaling. However, increased expression of metabolic and inflammatory markers associated with diabetes was reversed in both groups of insulin treatment. This study also emphasizes the need for insulin treatment groups in diabetic retinopathy studies to provide a more faithful modeling of the human condition.
Hippocampal Subregions Exhibit Both Distinct and Shared Transcriptomic Responses to Aging and Nonneurodegenerative Cognitive Decline The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. Nov, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24994846 Impairment of hippocampal-dependent spatial learning and memory with aging affects a large segment of the aged population. Hippocampal subregions (CA1, CA3, and DG) have been previously reported to express both common and specific morphological, functional, and gene/protein alterations with aging and cognitive decline. To comprehensively assess gene expression with aging and cognitive decline, transcriptomic analysis of CA1, CA3, and DG was conducted using Adult (12M) and Aged (26M) F344xBN rats behaviorally characterized by Morris water maze performance. Each subregion demonstrated a specific pattern of responses with aging and with cognitive performance. The CA1 and CA3 demonstrating the greatest degree of shared gene expression changes. Analysis of the pathways, processes, and regulators of these transcriptomic changes also exhibit a similar pattern of commonalities and differences across subregions. Gene expression changes between Aged cognitively Intact and Aged cognitively Impaired rats often showed an inversion of the changes between Adult and Aged rats. This failure to adapt rather than an exacerbation of the aging phenotype questions a conventional view that cognitive decline is exaggerated aging. These results are a resource for investigators studying cognitive decline and also demonstrate the need to individually examine hippocampal subregions in molecular analyses of aging and cognitive decline.