Articles by Eveline Brodl in JoVE
In Situ Measurement and Correlation of Cell Density and Light Emission of Bioluminescent Bacteria Eveline Brodl1, Johannes Niederhauser1, Peter Macheroux1 1Institute of Biochemistry, Graz University of Technology Bioluminescent bacteria regulate light production through a variety of mechanisms, such as quorum sensing. This novel method allows the in situ investigation of bioluminescence and the correlation of light emission to cell density. An artificial bioluminescent Escherichia coli system allows the characterization of lux operons, Lux proteins, and their interplay.
Other articles by Eveline Brodl on PubMed
Synthesis of α,β-unsaturated Aldehydes As Potential Substrates for Bacterial Luciferases Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry. | Pubmed ID: 28126438 Bacterial luciferase catalyzes the monooxygenation of long-chain aldehydes such as tetradecanal to the corresponding acid accompanied by light emission with a maximum at 490nm. In this study even numbered aldehydes with eight, ten, twelve and fourteen carbon atoms were compared with analogs having a double bond at the α,β-position. These α,β-unsaturated aldehydes were synthesized in three steps and were examined as potential substrates in vitro. The luciferase of Photobacterium leiognathi was found to convert these analogs and showed a reduced but significant bioluminescence activity compared to tetradecanal. This study showed the trend that aldehydes, both saturated and unsaturated, with longer chain lengths had higher activity in terms of bioluminescence than shorter chain lengths. The maximal light intensity of (E)-tetradec-2-enal was approximately half with luciferase of P. leiognathi, compared to tetradecanal. Luciferases of Vibrio harveyi and Aliivibrio fisheri accepted these newly synthesized substrates but light emission dropped drastically compared to saturated aldehydes. The onset and the decay rate of bioluminescence were much slower, when using unsaturated substrates, indicating a kinetic effect. As a result the duration of the light emission is doubled. These results suggest that the substrate scope of bacterial luciferases is broader than previously reported.
Evidence for the Generation of Myristylated FMN by Bacterial Luciferase Molecular Microbiology. | Pubmed ID: 28345146 The genes responsible for the light production in bioluminescent bacteria are present as an operon, luxCDABEG. Many strains of Photobacteria carry an additional gene, termed luxF. X-ray crystallographic analysis of LuxF revealed the presence of four molecules of a flavin derivative, i.e. 6-(3'-(R)-myristyl) flavin adenine mononucleotide (myrFMN) non-covalently bound to the homodimer. In the present study, we exploited the binding of myrFMN to recombinant apo-LuxF to explore the occurrence of myrFMN in various bioluminescent bacteria. MyrFMN was detected in all bacterial strains tested including Vibrio and Aliivibrio indicating that it is more widely occurring in bioluminescent bacteria than previously assumed. We also show that apo-LuxF captures myrFMN and thereby relieves the inhibitory effect on luciferase activity. Thus our results provide support for the hypothesis that LuxF acts as a scavenger of myrFMN in bioluminescent bacteria. However, the source of myrFMN remained obscure. To address this issue, we established a cofactor regeneration enzyme-catalyzed cascade reaction that supports luciferase activity in vitro for up to 3 days. This approach enabled us to unambiguously demonstrate that myrFMN is generated in the bacterial bioluminescent reaction. Based on this finding we postulate a reaction mechanism for myrFMN generation that is based on the luciferase reaction.