In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (5)
- Conference Proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference
- FEBS Letters
- IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
- IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
- PloS One
Articles by Fabio Quaglia in JoVE
An Experimental Protocol for Assessing the Performance of New Ultrasound Probes Based on CMUT Technology in Application to Brain Imaging Giulia Matrone1, Alessandro Ramalli2, Alessandro Stuart Savoia3, Fabio Quaglia4, Gloria Castellazzi5, Patrizia Morbini6, Marco Piastra1 1Department of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia, 2Department of Information Engineering, University of Florence, 3Department of Engineering, Roma Tre University, 4FTMTR&D/SPA, STMicroelectronics, 5Brain Connectivity Center, BCC, Istituto Neurologico Nazionale Fondazione C. Mondino I.R.C.C.S., 6Department of Molecular Medicine - Unit of Pathology, University of Pavia, Foundation IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo The development of new ultrasound (US) probes based on Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer (CMUT) technology requires an early realistic assessment of imaging capabilities. We describe a repeatable experimental protocol for US image acquisition and comparison with magnetic resonance images, using an ex vivo bovine brain as an imaging target.
Other articles by Fabio Quaglia on PubMed
Simulating Ultrasound Fields for 2D Phased-array Probes Design Optimization Conference Proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference. 2011 | Pubmed ID: 22256323 Nowadays, ultrasound diagnostic imaging is one of the non-invasive techniques mostly used in the clinical practice. Recent advances in this field have brought to the development of small and portable systems. New bidimensional probes consisting of 2D phased arrays, allow to obtain real-time 3D representations of moving organs and blood vessels anatomy. Being the complexity of such 4D ultrasound imaging systems significantly increased, new challenges concerning electronics integration arise for designers. In this paper a software simulator is described, which has been developed in order to model ultrasound wave generation, pressure field distribution and echoes reception, with the aim to become a useful tool for optimizing the probe design. The paper mainly focuses on linear ultrasound field modeling; preliminary results on non-linear interactions with contrast agents are also here introduced.
Structural and Functional Characterization of the Bacterial Translocation Inhibitor GE82832 FEBS Letters. Sep, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22841550 The structure of GE82832, a translocation inhibitor produced by a soil microorganism, is shown to be highly related to that of dityromycin, a bicyclodecadepsipeptide antibiotic discovered long ago whose characterization had never been pursued beyond its structural elucidation. GE82832 and dityromycin were shown to interfere with both aminoacyl-tRNA and mRNA movement and with the Pi release occurring after ribosome- and EF-G-dependent GTP hydrolysis. These findings and the unusual ribosomal localization of GE82832/dityromycin near protein S13 suggest that the mechanism of inhibition entails an interference with the rotation of the 30S subunit "head" which accompanies the ribosome-unlocking step of translocation.
A Volumetric CMUT-based Ultrasound Imaging System Simulator with Integrated Reception and μ-beamforming Electronics Models IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. May, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24803235 In modern ultrasound imaging devices, two-dimensional probes and electronic scanning allow volumetric imaging of anatomical structures. When dealing with the design of such complex 3-D ultrasound (US) systems, as the number of transducers and channels dramatically increases, new challenges concerning the integration of electronics and the implementation of smart micro-beamforming strategies arise. Hence, the possibility to predict the behavior of the whole system is mandatory. In this paper, we propose and describe an advanced simulation tool for ultrasound system modeling and simulation, which conjugates the US propagation and scattering, signal transduction, electronic signal conditioning, and beamforming in a single environment. In particular, we present the architecture and model of an existing 16-channel integrated receiver, which includes an amplification and micro-beamforming stage, and validate it by comparison with circuit simulations. The developed model is then used in conjunction with the transducer and US field models to perform a system simulation, aimed at estimating the performance of an example 3-D US imaging system that uses a capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) 2-D phased-array coupled to the modeled reception front-end. Results of point spread function (PSF) calculations, as well as synthetic imaging of a virtual phantom, show that this tool is actually able to model the complete US image reconstruction process, and that it could be used to quickly provide valuable system-level feedback for an optimized tuning of electronic design parameters.
A Comparative Analysis of CMUT Receiving Architectures for the Design Optimization of Integrated Transceiver Front Ends IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. May, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28212081 A formal comparison between fundamental RX amplifier configurations for capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) is proposed in this paper. The impact on both RX and the pulse-echo frequency response and on the output SNR is thoroughly analyzed and discussed. It is shown that the resistive-feedback amplifier yields a bandpass RX frequency response, while both open-loop voltage and capacitive-feedback amplifiers exhibit a low-pass frequency response. For a given power dissipation, it is formally proved that a capacitive-feedback amplifier provides a remarkable SNR improvement against the commonly adopted resistive feedback stage, achieved at the expense of a reduced pulse-echo center frequency, making its use convenient in low-frequency and midfrequency ultrasound imaging applications. The advantage mostly comes from a much lower noise contributed by the active devices, especially with low- Q , broadband transducers. The results of the analysis are applied to the design of a CMUT front end in BIPOLAR-CMOS-DMOS Silicon-on-Insulator technology operating at 10-MHz center frequency. It comprises a low-power RX amplifier, a high-voltage Transmission/Reception switch, and a 100-V TX driver. Extensive electrical characterization, pulse-echo measurements, and imaging results are shown. Compared with previously reported CMUT front ends, this transceiver demonstrates the highest dynamic range and state-of-the-art noise performance with an RX amplifier power dissipation of 1 mW.
Chemical and Structural Characterization of a Model Post-Termination Complex (PoTC) for the Ribosome Recycling Reaction: Evidence for the Release of the MRNA by RRF and EF-G PloS One. 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28542628 A model Post-Termination Complex (PoTC) used for the discovery of Ribosome Recycling Factor (RRF) was purified and characterized by cryo-electron microscopic analysis and biochemical methods. We established that the model PoTC has mostly one tRNA, at the P/E or P/P position, together with one mRNA. The structural studies were supported by the biochemical measurement of bound tRNA and mRNA. Using this substrate, we establish that the release of tRNA, release of mRNA and splitting of ribosomal subunits occur during the recycling reaction. Order of these events is tRNA release first followed by mRNA release and splitting almost simultaneously. Moreover, we demonstrate that IF3 is not involved in any of the recycling reactions but simply prevents the re-association of split ribosomal subunits. Our finding demonstrates that the important function of RRF includes the release of mRNA, which is often missed by the use of a short ORF with the Shine-Dalgarno sequence near the termination site.