In JoVE (1)
Articles by Heather F. Barton in JoVE
Solvothermal Synthesis of MIL-96 and UiO-66-NH2 on Atomic Layer Deposited Metal Oxide Coatings on Fiber Mats Heather F. Barton1, Alexandra K. Davis1, Dennis T. Lee1, Gregory N. Parsons1 1Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, North Carolina State University Metal-organic frameworks are effective in gas storage and heterogeneous catalysis, but typical synthesis methods result in loose powders that are difficult to incorporate into smart materials. We demonstrate a method of first coating fabrics with ALD metal oxides, resulting in conformal films of MOF on the fabrics during solvothermal synthesis.
Other articles by Heather F. Barton on PubMed
Diffusion of CO2 in Large Crystals of Cu-BTC MOF Journal of the American Chemical Society. | Pubmed ID: 27556899 Carbon dioxide adsorption in metal-organic frameworks has been widely studied for applications in carbon capture and sequestration. A critical component that has been largely overlooked is the measurement of diffusion rates. This paper describes a new reproducible procedure to synthesize millimeter-scale Cu-BTC single crystals using concentrated reactants and an acetic acid modulator. Microscopic images, X-ray diffraction patterns, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface areas, and thermogravimetric analysis results all confirm the high quality of these Cu-BTC single crystals. The large crystal size aids in the accurate measurement of micropore diffusion coefficients. Concentration-swing frequency response performed at varying gas-phase concentrations gives diffusion coefficients that show very little dependence on the loading up to pressures of 0.1 bar. The measured micropore diffusion coefficient for CO2 in Cu-BTC is 1.7 × 10(-9) m(2)/s.
Ultra-Fast Degradation of Chemical Warfare Agents Using MOF-Nanofiber Kebabs Angewandte Chemie (International Ed. in English). | Pubmed ID: 27653957 The threat associated with chemical warfare agents (CWAs) motivates the development of new materials to provide enhanced protection with a reduced burden. Metal-organic frame-works (MOFs) have recently been shown as highly effective catalysts for detoxifying CWAs, but challenges still remain for integrating MOFs into functional filter media and/or protective garments. Herein, we report a series of MOF-nanofiber kebab structures for fast degradation of CWAs. We found TiO coatings deposited via atomic layer deposition (ALD) onto polyamide-6 nanofibers enable the formation of conformal Zr-based MOF thin films including UiO-66, UiO-66-NH , and UiO-67. Cross-sectional TEM images show that these MOF crystals nucleate and grow directly on and around the nanofibers, with strong attachment to the substrates. These MOF-functionalized nanofibers exhibit excellent reactivity for detoxifying CWAs. The half-lives of a CWA simulant compound and nerve agent soman (GD) are as short as 7.3 min and 2.3 min, respectively. These results therefore provide the earliest report of MOF-nanofiber textile composites capable of ultra-fast degradation of CWAs.
Time-Resolved Attenuated Total Reflectance Infrared Spectroscopy for Probing Metal-Organic Framework Thin Film Growth Chemistry of Materials : a Publication of the American Chemical Society. | Pubmed ID: 29545675 chemical measurements of solution/surface reactions during metal-organic framework (MOF) thin film growth can provide valuable information about the mechanistic and kinetic aspects of key reaction steps, and allow control over crystal quality and material properties. Here, we report a new approach to study the growth of MOF thin films in a flow cell using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). Real-time spectra recorded during continuous flow synthesis were used to investigate the mechanism and kinetics that govern the formation of (Zn, Cu) hydroxy double salts (HDSs) from ZnO thin films and the subsequent conversion of HDS to HKUST-1. We found that both reactions follow pseudo-first order kinetics. Real-time measurements also revealed that the limited mass transport of reactants may lead to partial conversion of ZnO to HDS and therefore leaves an interfacial ZnO layer beneath the HDS film providing strong adhesion of the HKUST-1 coating to the substrate. This flow-cell ATR-FTIR method is generalizable for studying the dynamic processes of MOF thin film growth, and could be used for other solid/liquid reaction systems involving thin films.