Articles by Hiroko Nakamura in JoVE
Designing CAD/CAM Surgical Guides for Maxillary Reconstruction Using an In-house Approach Toshiaki Numajiri1, Daiki Morita2, Hiroko Nakamura3, Ryo Yamochi1, Shoko Tsujiko4, Yoshihiro Sowa1 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 2Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Showa University Fujigaoka Hospital, 3Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Fukuchiyama City Hospital, 4Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Saiseikai Shiga Hospital Methods for designing a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) surgical guide are shown. Cutting planes are separated, united, and thickened to easily visualize the necessary bone transfer. These designs can be three-dimensional printed and checked for accuracy.
Other articles by Hiroko Nakamura on PubMed
Intraoperative Change in Defect Size During Maxillary Reconstruction Using Surgical Guides Created by CAD/CAM Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open. Apr, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28507870 Surgical osteotomy guides created by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) have been developed and are now widely used in maxillofacial reconstruction. However, there are no standard procedures for dealing with an intraoperative change in defect size. We report on a case in which we used our CAD/CAM guides to deal with an intraoperative change in defect size in a maxillary reconstruction. We planned the maxillary reconstruction using a free fibula flap because of left maxillary sinus cancer in a 73-year-old man. In Japan, we cannot use commercially supplied CAD/CAM guides because these have not been approved by the government. We created novel CAD/CAM guides by using free software and a low-cost 3D printer. We performed model surgery to check the accuracy of the design and to prebend the titanium plates before the operation. The actual defect in the maxilla was found to be smaller than that used in preoperative planning. It was therefore necessary to rearrange the fibular segments and to rebend the plates. Comparison between the preoperative and postoperative 3D images showed that the deviation was 2-4 mm. In case that the CAD/CAM guides become inapplicable because of an intraoperative change in defect size, rearranging both the ends of set-up fibular segments and rebending the plates in situ allows us to deal with the situation. However, because extra time is needed to rearrange and rebend, the total operation and flap ischemic times are not shortened.
Secondary Maxillary and Orbital Floor Reconstruction With a Free Scapular Flap Using Cutting and Fixation Guides Created by Computer-Aided Design/Computer-Aided Manufacturing The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. Nov, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28953152 Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) guides are now widely used in maxillofacial reconstruction. However, there are few reports of CAD/CAM guides being used for scapular flaps. The authors performed the secondary maxillary and orbital floor reconstruction using a free latissimus dorsi muscle, cutaneous tissue, and scapular flap designed using CAD/CAM techniques in a 72-year-old man who had undergone partial maxillectomy four years previously. The patient had diplopia, the vertical dystopia of eye position, and a large oral-nasal-cutaneous fistula. After the operation, the authors confirmed that the deviation between the postoperative and preoperative planning three-dimensional images was less than 2 mm. Because scapular guides require 3 cutting surfaces, the shape of the scapular guide is more complex than that of a conventional fibular guide. In orbital floor reconstruction, the use of a CAM technique such as that used to manufacture the authors' fixation guide is as necessary for accurate, safe, and easy reconstruction as is preoperative CAD planning. The production of a fixation guide as well as a cutting guide is particularly useful because it is difficult to determine the angle for reconstructing the orbital floor by freehand techniques. In this case, the orbital floor was reconstructed based on a mirror image of the healthy side to avoid overcompression of the orbital tissue. Although the patient's vertical dystopia of eye position was improved, diplopia was not improved because, for greater safety, the authors did not plan overcorrection of the orbital volume.