Articles by Ivana Grbesa in JoVE
Mapping Genome-wide Accessible Chromatin in Primary Human T Lymphocytes by ATAC-Seq Ivana Grbesa1, Miriam Tannenbaum1, Avital Sarusi-Portuguez1, Michal Schwartz1, Ofir Hakim1 1The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University Assay for Transposase-Accessible Chromatin coupled with high-throughput sequencing (ATAC-seq) is a genome-wide method to uncover accessible chromatin. This is a step-by-step ATAC-seq protocol, from molecular to the final computational analysis, optimized for human lymphocytes (Th1/Th2). This protocol can be adopted by researchers without prior experience in next-generation sequencing methods.
Other articles by Ivana Grbesa on PubMed
Functional and Structural Characterization of FAU Gene/Protein from Marine Sponge Suberites Domuncula Marine Drugs. | Pubmed ID: 26198235 Finkel-Biskis-Reilly murine sarcoma virus (FBR-MuSV) ubiquitously expressed (FAU) gene is down-regulated in human prostate, breast and ovarian cancers. Moreover, its dysregulation is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer. Sponges (Porifera) are animals without tissues which branched off first from the common ancestor of all metazoans. A large majority of genes implicated in human cancers have their homologues in the sponge genome. Our study suggests that FAU gene from the sponge Suberites domuncula reflects characteristics of the FAU gene from the metazoan ancestor, which have changed only slightly during the course of animal evolution. We found pro-apoptotic activity of sponge FAU protein. The same as its human homologue, sponge FAU increases apoptosis in human HEK293T cells. This indicates that the biological functions of FAU, usually associated with "higher" metazoans, particularly in cancer etiology, possess a biochemical background established early in metazoan evolution. The ancestor of all animals possibly possessed FAU protein with the structure and function similar to evolutionarily more recent versions of the protein, even before the appearance of true tissues and the origin of tumors and metastasis. It provides an opportunity to use pre-bilaterian animals as a simpler model for studying complex interactions in human cancerogenesis.
Genomic Effects of Glucocorticoids Protoplasma. | Pubmed ID: 28013411 Glucocorticoids and their receptor (GR) have been an important area of research because of their pleiotropic physiological functions and extensive use in the clinic. In addition, the association between GR and glucocorticoids, which is highly specific, leads to rapid nuclear translocation where GR associates with chromatin to regulate gene transcription. This simplified model system has been instrumental for studying the complexity of transcription regulation processes occurring at chromatin. In this review we discuss our current understanding of GR action that has been enhanced by recent developments in genome wide measurements of chromatin accessibility, histone marks, chromatin remodeling and 3D chromatin structure in various cell types responding to glucocorticoids.
Mutations in S-adenosylhomocysteine Hydrolase (AHCY) Affect Its Nucleocytoplasmic Distribution and Capability to Interact with S-adenosylhomocysteine Hydrolase-like 1 Protein European Journal of Cell Biology. | Pubmed ID: 28647132 S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase (AHCY) is thought to be located at the sites of ongoing AdoMet-dependent methylation, presumably in the cell nucleus. Endogenous AHCY is located both in cytoplasm and the nucleus. Little is known regarding mechanisms that drive its subcellular distribution, and even less is known on how mutations causing AHCY deficiency affect its intracellular dynamics. Using fluorescence microscopy and GFP-tagged AHCY constructs we show significant differences in the intensity ratio between nuclei and cytoplasm for mutant proteins when compared with wild type AHCY. Interestingly, nuclear export of AHCY is not affected by leptomycin B. Systematic deletions showed that AHCY has two regions, located at both sides of the protein, that contribute to its nuclear localization, implying the interaction with various proteins. In order to evaluate protein interactions in vivo we engaged in bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) based studies. We investigated previously assumed interaction with AHCY-like-1 protein (AHCYL1), a paralog of AHCY. Indeed, significant interaction between both proteins exists. Additionally, silencing AHCYL1 leads to moderate inhibition of nuclear export of endogenous AHCY.