In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (1)
Articles by J. Christopher Octeau in JoVE
Making, Testing, and Using Potassium Ion Selective Microelectrodes in Tissue Slices of Adult Brain J. Christopher Octeau1, Guido Faas2, Istvan Mody1,2, Baljit S. Khakh1,3 1Department of Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 2Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 3Department of Neurobiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles Potassium ions contribute to the resting membrane potential of cells and extracellular K+ concentration is a crucial regulator of cellular excitability. We describe how to make, calibrate and use monopolar K+-selective microelectrodes. Using such electrodes enables the measurement of electrically evoked K+ concentration dynamics in adult hippocampal slices.
Other articles by J. Christopher Octeau on PubMed
An Optical Neuron-Astrocyte Proximity Assay at Synaptic Distance Scales Neuron. | Pubmed ID: 29621490 Astrocytes are complex bushy cells that serve important functions through close contacts between their processes and synapses. However, the spatial interactions and dynamics of astrocyte processes relative to synapses have proven problematic to study in adult living brain tissue. Here, we report a genetically targeted neuron-astrocyte proximity assay (NAPA) to measure astrocyte-synapse spatial interactions within intact brain preparations and at synaptic distance scales. The method exploits resonance energy transfer between extracellularly displayed fluorescent proteins targeted to synapses and astrocyte processes. We validated the method in the striatal microcircuitry following in vivo expression. We determined the proximity of striatal astrocyte processes to distinct neuronal input pathways, to D1 and D2 medium spiny neuron synapses, and we evaluated how astrocyte-to-excitatory synapse proximity changed following cortical afferent stimulation, during ischemia and in a model of Huntington's disease. NAPA provides a simple approach to measure astrocyte-synapse spatial interactions in a variety of experimental scenarios. VIDEO ABSTRACT.