Other Publications (1)
Articles by J. Curtis Gwilliam in JoVE
Endothelial Cell Tube Formation Assay for the In Vitro Study of Angiogenesis Katie L. DeCicco-Skinner1, Gervaise H. Henry1, Christophe Cataisson2, Tracy Tabib1, J. Curtis Gwilliam1, Nicholas J. Watson1, Erica M. Bullwinkle1, Lauren Falkenburg1, Rebecca C. O'Neill1, Adam Morin1, Jonathan S. Wiest2 1Department of Biology, American University, 2Laboratory of Cancer Biology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH The tube formation assay is a fast, quantifiable method for measuring in vitro angiogenesis. Endothelial cells are combined with conditioned media and plated on basement membrane extract. Tube formation occurs within hours and newly formed tubules easily quantified.
Other articles by J. Curtis Gwilliam on PubMed
Tpl2 Knockout Keratinocytes Have Increased Biomarkers for Invasion and Metastasis Carcinogenesis. Dec, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 24067898 Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the USA, with an estimated two million cases diagnosed annually. Tumor progression locus 2 (Tpl2), also known as MAP3K8, is a serine/threonine protein kinase in the mitogen-activated protein kinase signal transduction cascade. Tpl2 was identified by our laboratory as having a tumor suppressor function in skin carcinogenesis, with the absence of this gene contributing to heightened inflammation and increased skin carcinogenesis. In this study, we used gene expression profiling to compare expression levels between Tpl2 (+/+) and Tpl2 (-) (/-) keratinocytes. We identified over 2000 genes as being differentially expressed between genotypes. Functional annotation analysis identified cancer, cell growth/proliferation, cell death, cell development, cell movement and cell signaling as the top biological processes to be differentially regulated between genotypes. Further microarray analysis identified several candidate genes, including Mmp1b, Mmp2, Mmp9 and Mmp13, involved in migration and invasion to be upregulated in Tpl2 (-) (/-) keratinocytes. Moreover, Tpl2 (-/-) keratinocytes had a significant downregulation in the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitor Timp3. Real-time PCR validated the upregulation of the MMPs in Tpl2 (-/-) keratinocytes and zymography confirmed that MMP2 and MMP9 activity was higher in conditioned media from Tpl2 (-/-) keratinocytes. Immunohistochemistry confirmed higher MMP9 staining in 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-treated skin from Tpl2 (-/-) mice and grafted tumors formed from v-ras(Ha) retrovirus-infected Tpl2 (-/-) keratinocytes. Additionally, Tpl2 (-/-) keratinocytes had significantly higher invasion, malignant conversion rates and increased endothelial cell tube formation when compared with Tpl2 (+/+) keratinocytes. In summary, our studies reveal that keratinocytes from Tpl2 (-/-) mice demonstrate a higher potential to be invasive and metastatic.