Articles by Jacinto Alonso-Azcárate in JoVE
A Bending Test for Determining the Atterberg Plastic Limit in Soils José Manuel Moreno-Maroto1, Jacinto Alonso-Azcárate1 1Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Biochemistry, University of Castilla-La Mancha The traditional standardized test for determining the plastic limit in soils is performed by hand, and the result varies depending on the operator. An alternative method based on bending measurements is presented in this study. This allows the plastic limit to be obtained with a clear and objective criterion.
Other articles by Jacinto Alonso-Azcárate on PubMed
Adsorption Behavior of Toxic Tributyltin to Clay-rich Sediments Under Various Environmental Conditions Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry / SETAC. Jul, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 12109738 The adsorption and desorption behavior of tributyltin (TBT) from aqueous solution to clay-rich sediments was studied under various conditions (pH, salinity) using the batch technique. Sediments containing illite, kaolinite, and montmorillonite in different proportions were used as sorbent materials. Several physicochemical parameters of the sediments (e.g., Brunauer-Emmett-Teller [BET] surface area, cation exchange capacity [CEC], total organic carbon [TOC]) were evaluated to assess the influence of sediment characteristics to the adsorption capacity for TBT Adsorption isotherms were linear over the concentration range of 100 to 1,000 ng(Sn)/ml. The adsorption coefficient (Kd) values range from 29 to 70 at the pH value generally found in marine systems (pH 8). The adsorption capacity shows a maximum in the range of pH 6 and 7. Salinity is also an important factor in controlling TBT adsorption. The strongest adsorption was observed at salinity of 0/1000, and it strongly decreases with increasing salinity. The adsorption mechanism is controlled by the properties of the clay minerals as well as the aquatic chemistry of TBT. Desorption takes place over the studied pH range (4-8) when contaminated samples interact with TBT-free water at given experimental conditions.
Assessment of Adsorption Behavior of Dibutyltin (DBT) to Clay-rich Sediments in Comparison to the Highly Toxic Tributyltin (TBT) Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987). 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12628201 The sorption behavior of dibutyltin (DBT) to four types of natural clay-rich sediments as a function of pH and salinity was studied. The strongest affinity of DBT was found to the montmorillonite-rich sediment, which is characterized by the highest specific surface area and cation exchange capacity of the four used sediments. Kd values range between 12 and 40 (l/kg) on simulated marine conditions (pH 8, salinity 32%). A maximum of DBT adsorption was found at a salinity of 0% and pH 6. Desorption occurred over the entire studied pH range (4-8) when contaminated sediments interact with butyltin-free water. The maximum of desorption coincided with the minimum of adsorption, and vice versa. The results of DBT adsorption are compared with tributyltin (TBT), and the mechanism of the adsorption process is discussed.
Chemical and Plant Tests to Assess the Viability of Amendments to Reduce Metal Availability in Mine Soils and Tailings Environmental Science and Pollution Research International. Apr, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 25772873 The goal of this research was to assess the potential of several industrial wastes to immobilise metals in two polluted soils deriving from an old Pb/Zn mine. Two different approaches were used to assess the performance of different amendments: a chemical one, using extraction by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and a biological one, using Lupinus albus as a bio-indicator. Four amendments were used: inorganic sugar production waste (named 'sugar foam', SF), sludge from a drinking water treatment sludge (DWS), organic waste from olive mill waste (OMW) and paper mill sludge (PMS). Amendment to soil ratios ranged from 0.1 to 0.3 (w/w). All the amendments were capable of significantly decreasing (p