Articles by Jacob E. Corn in JoVE
Enhanced Genome Editing with Cas9 Ribonucleoprotein in Diverse Cells and Organisms Behnom Farboud*1,2, Erin Jarvis*1, Theodore L. Roth*3,4,5,6, Jiyung Shin*1,3, Jacob E. Corn1,3, Alexander Marson3,5,6,7,8,9, Barbara J. Meyer1,2, Nipam H. Patel1,10, Megan L. Hochstrasser3 1Department of Molecular Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, 2Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, 3Innovative Genomics Institute, University of California, Berkeley, 4Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, University of California, San Francisco, 5Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, 6Diabetes Center, University of California, San Francisco, 7Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, 8Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, 9UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, 10Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley Utilizing a preassembled Cas9 ribonucleoprotein complex (RNP) is a powerful method for precise, efficient genome editing. Here, we highlight its utility across a broad range of cells and organisms, including primary human cells and both classic and emerging model organisms.
Other articles by Jacob E. Corn on PubMed
Using Protein Motion to Read, Write, and Erase Ubiquitin Signals The Journal of Biological Chemistry. | Pubmed ID: 26354440 Eukaryotes use a tiny protein called ubiquitin to send a variety of signals, most often by post-translationally attaching ubiquitins to substrate proteins and to each other, thereby forming polyubiquitin chains. A combination of biophysical, biochemical, and biological studies has shown that complex macromolecular dynamics are central to many aspects of ubiquitin signaling. This review focuses on how equilibrium fluctuations and coordinated motions of ubiquitin itself, the ubiquitin conjugation machinery, and deubiquitinating enzymes enable activity and regulation on many levels, with implications for how such a tiny protein can send so many signals.
Selection-free Genome Editing of the Sickle Mutation in Human Adult Hematopoietic Stem/progenitor Cells Science Translational Medicine. | Pubmed ID: 27733558 Genetic diseases of blood cells are prime candidates for treatment through ex vivo gene editing of CD34 hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), and a variety of technologies have been proposed to treat these disorders. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a recessive genetic disorder caused by a single-nucleotide polymorphism in the β-globin gene (HBB). Sickle hemoglobin damages erythrocytes, causing vasoocclusion, severe pain, progressive organ damage, and premature death. We optimize design and delivery parameters of a ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex comprising Cas9 protein and unmodified single guide RNA, together with a single-stranded DNA oligonucleotide donor (ssODN), to enable efficient replacement of the SCD mutation in human HSPCs. Corrected HSPCs from SCD patients produced less sickle hemoglobin RNA and protein and correspondingly increased wild-type hemoglobin when differentiated into erythroblasts. When engrafted into immunocompromised mice, ex vivo treated human HSPCs maintain SCD gene edits throughout 16 weeks at a level likely to have clinical benefit. These results demonstrate that an accessible approach combining Cas9 RNP with an ssODN can mediate efficient HSPC genome editing, enables investigator-led exploration of gene editing reagents in primary hematopoietic stem cells, and suggests a path toward the development of new gene editing treatments for SCD and other hematopoietic diseases.
E Pluribus Unum ("Out of Many, One"): CRISPR Modeling of Myeloid Expansion Cell Stem Cell. | Pubmed ID: 28985519 In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Tothova et al. (2017) demonstrate a promising way to model the complex genetics of clonal hematopoiesis and myeloid disorders using CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing in human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. Their approach opens the door to genotype-specific pharmacologic testing.