Other Publications (9)
- Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
- Journal of Abnormal Psychology
- Addiction (Abingdon, England)
- The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice / American Board of Family Practice
- Preventive Medicine
- Addictive Behaviors
- Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
- Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Articles by Jennifer Irvin in JoVE
Electroactive Polymer Nanoparticles Exhibiting Photothermal Properties Travis Cantu1, Bradley Rodier2, Zachary Iszard2, Alissa Kilian2, Varun Pattani3, Kyle Walsh2, Katharina Weber2, James Tunnell3, Tania Betancourt1,2, Jennifer Irvin1,2 1Materials Science, Engineering, and Commercialization Program, Texas State University, 2Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University, 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, The University of Texas at Austin A protocol is presented for the synthesis and preparation of nanoparticles consisting of electroactive polymers.
Other articles by Jennifer Irvin on PubMed
The Increasing Recalcitrance of Smokers in Clinical Trials II: Pharmacotherapy Trials Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. Feb, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12745504 Irvin and Brandon (Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2, 79-84, 2000) reported a significant decline in reported abstinence rates between 1977 and 1996 from clinical trials of cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatments based on coping skills training. The present study extends that approach to the analysis of pharmacotherapy trials. A literature search identified 59 studies, published between 1983 and 2000 and conducted in the U.S., that reported post-cessation abstinence rates after treatment with nicotine gum, nicotine patch or any type of placebo medication. Across all three types of treatment conditions and four post-cessation assessment points, negative correlations between publication year and abstinence rates were found. The strongest pattern of negative correlations was found for the placebo conditions. However, the correlations for placebo conditions could be accounted for by the simultaneous shift toward treatments offered in individual rather than group format. No other methodological or subject variable appeared to mediate the declining outcomes. Findings are discussed with respect to the theory that the population of remaining smokers is becoming progressively more dependent and difficult to treat.
Pretreatment Task Persistence Predicts Smoking Cessation Outcome Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Aug, 2003 | Pubmed ID: 12943023 R. Eisenberger's (1992) learned industriousness theory states that individuals display differing degrees of persistence depending on their history of reinforcement for effortful behavior. These differences may influence the development, maintenance, and cessation of addictive behaviors. In cross-sectional studies, E. P. Quinn, T. H. Brandon, and A. L. Copeland (1996) found that cigarette smokers were less persistent than nonsmokers, and R. A. Brown, C. W. Lejuez, C. W. Kahler, and D. R. Strong (2002) found that smokers who had previously abstained for 3 months were more persistent than those who had never quit. The present study extended these findings by using a prospective design. A pretreatment measure of task persistence (mirror tracing) completed by 144 smokers predicted sustained abstinence throughout 12 months of follow-up. Moreover, persistence predicted outcome independent of other significant predictors: gender, nicotine dependence, negative affect, and self-efficacy.
Cognitive and Social Learning Models of Drug Dependence: Implications for the Assessment of Tobacco Dependence in Adolescents Addiction (Abingdon, England). Jun, 2004 | Pubmed ID: 15128380 This paper is part of a series that has the goal of identifying potential approaches toward developing new instruments for assessing tobacco dependence among adolescents. The fundamental assumption underlying the series is that contemporary theories of drug dependence offer a rich source of opportunities for the development of theoretically based assessment tools. The present paper focuses on cognitive and social-learning models of drug dependence and the implications of these models for novel assessment instruments. In particular, the paper focuses on Mark Goldman's model of drug expectancies, Albert Bandura's model of self-efficacy, Thomas Wills's model of stress and coping and Stephen Tiffany's cognitive-processing model of drug urges and cravings. In addition to traditional self-report measures, naturalistic and laboratory-based assessments are identified that may yield information relevant to multi-dimensional measurement of tobacco dependence.
What Accounts for the Association of Education and Smoking Cessation? Preventive Medicine. Apr, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15530598 Education has been identified as a potent sociodemographic predictor of smoking cessation and the Healthy People 2010 goals include the elimination of health disparities attributable to education.
Understanding the Associations Among Education, Employment Characteristics, and Smoking Addictive Behaviors. Jun, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15893088 The current study examined the association between education level and smoking status in a community-based sample of working adults. Participants were enrolled at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center site of a cancer risk behavior reduction intervention delivered at the worksite. There was a strong educational gradient in smoking status. The prevalence of current smoking was almost threefold higher among individuals with
Trial-based Functional Analysis and Functional Communication Training in an Early Childhood Setting Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. 2012 | Pubmed ID: 23060670 Problem behavior is common in early childhood special education classrooms. Functional communication training (FCT; Carr & Durand, 1985) may reduce problem behavior but requires identification of its function. The trial-based functional analysis (FA) is a method that can be used to identify problem behavior function in schools. We conducted trial-based FAs and FCT with 3 children in an early childhood special education setting. All trial-based FAs resulted in identification of behavioral functions, and subsequent FCT led to reductions in problem behavior and increases in communication.
Biodegradable DNA-enabled Poly(ethylene Glycol) Hydrogels Prepared by Copper-free Click Chemistry Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition. Jan, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26541212 Significant research has focused on investigating the potential of hydrogels in various applications and, in particular, in medicine. Specifically, hydrogels that are biodegradable lend promise to many therapeutic and biosensing applications. Endonucleases are critical for mechanisms of DNA repair. However, they are also known to be overexpressed in cancer and to be present in wounds with bacterial contamination. In this work, we set out to demonstrate the preparation of DNA-enabled hydrogels that could be degraded by nucleases. Specifically, hydrogels were prepared through the reaction of dibenzocyclooctyne-functionalized multi-arm poly(ethylene glycol) with azide-functionalized single-stranded DNA in aqueous solutions via copper-free click chemistry. Through the use of this method, biodegradable hydrogels were formed at room temperature in buffered saline solutions that mimic physiological conditions, avoiding possible harmful effects associated with other polymerization techniques that can be detrimental to cells or other bioactive molecules. The degradation of these DNA-cross-linked hydrogels upon exposure to the model endonucleases Benzonase(®) and DNase I was studied. In addition, the ability of the hydrogels to act as depots for encapsulation and nuclease-controlled release of a model protein was demonstrated. This model has the potential to be tailored and expanded upon for use in a variety of applications where mild hydrogel preparation techniques and controlled material degradation are necessary including in drug delivery and wound healing systems.