In JoVE (1)
Other Publications (1)
Articles by Jesse R. Llop in JoVE
The Replica Set Method: A High-throughput Approach to Quantitatively Measure Caenorhabditis elegans Lifespan Adam B. Cornwell1, Jesse R. Llop1, Peter Salzman2,3, Juilee Thakar4, Andrew V. Samuelson1 1Department of Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester Medical Center, 2Department of Biostatistics and Computational Biology, University of Rochester Medical Center, 3Non-Clinical Statistics, Bristol-Myers Squibb, 4Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center Here we describe the Replica Set method, an approach to quantitatively measure C. elegans lifespan/survival and healthspan in a high-throughput and robust manner, thus allowing screening of many conditions without sacrificing data quality. This protocol details the strategy and provides a software tool for analysis of Replica Set data.
Other articles by Jesse R. Llop on PubMed
Autolysosome Biogenesis and Developmental Senescence Are Regulated by Both Spns1 and V-ATPase Autophagy. | Pubmed ID: 27875093 Spns1 (Spinster homolog 1 [Drosophila]) in vertebrates, as well as Spin (Spinster) in Drosophila, is a hypothetical lysosomal H+-carbohydrate transporter, which functions at a late stage of macroautophagy (hereafter autophagy). The Spin/Spns1 defect induces aberrant autolysosome formation that leads to developmental senescence in the embryonic stage and premature aging symptoms in adulthood. However, the molecular mechanism by which loss of Spin/Spns1 leads to the specific pathogenesis remains to be elucidated. Using chemical, genetic and CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome-editing approaches in zebrafish, we investigated and determined a mechanism that suppresses embryonic senescence as well as autolysosomal impairment mediated by Spns1 deficiency. Unexpectedly, we found that a concurrent disruption of the vacuolar-type H+-ATPase (v-ATPase) subunit gene, atp6v0ca (ATPase, H+ transporting, lysosomal, V0 subunit ca) led to suppression of the senescence induced by the Spns1 defect, whereas the sole loss of Atp6v0ca led to senescent embryos similar to the single spns1 mutation. Moreover, we discovered that the combined stable defect seen in the presence of both the spns1 and atp6v0ca mutant genes still subsequently induced premature autophagosome-lysosome fusion marked by insufficient acidity, while extending developmental life span, compared with the solely mutated spns1 defect. Our data suggest that Spns1 and the v-ATPase orchestrate proper autolysosomal biogenesis with optimal acidification that is critically linked to developmental senescence and survival.