Articles by Jodi A Scholz in JoVE
Endotracheal Intubation of Rabbits Using a Polypropylene Guide Catheter Krista L Thompson1, Thomas R Meier1, Jodi A Scholz1 1Department of Comparative Medicine, Mayo Clinic Endotracheal intubation in rabbits is challenging due to their unusual anatomy. Here we present a technique for direct intubation of the trachea using a polypropylene catheter as a guide. This method utilizes relatively inexpensive supplies, requires minimal training, and can be easily performed in any clinical setting.
Other articles by Jodi A Scholz on PubMed
Demodex Musculi Infestation in Genetically Immunomodulated Mice Comparative Medicine. | Pubmed ID: 27538858 Demodex musculi, a prostigmatid mite that has been reported infrequently in laboratory mice, has been identified with increasing frequency in contemporary colonies of immunodeficient mice. Here we describe 2 episodes of D. musculi infestation with associated clinical signs in various genetically engineered mouse strains, as well as treatment strategies and an investigation into transmissibility and host susceptibility. The first case involved D. musculi associated with clinical signs and pathologic lesions in BALB/c-Tg(DO11.10)Il13(tm) mice, which have a defect in type 2 helper T cell (Th2) immunity. Subsequent investigation revealed mite transmission to both parental strains (BALB/c-Tg[DO11.10] and BALB/c-Il13(tm)), BALB/c-Il13/Il4(tm), and wild-type BALB/c. All Tg(DO11.10)Il13(tm) mice remained infested throughout the investigation, and D. musculi were recovered from all strains when they were cohoused with BALB/c-Tg(DO11.10)Il13(tm) index mice. However, only Il13(tm) and Il13/Il4(tm) mice demonstrated persistent infestation after index mice were removed. Only BALB/c-Tg(DO11.10)Il13(tm) showed clinical signs, suggesting that the phenotypic dysfunction of Th2 immunity is sufficient for persistent infestation, whereas clinical disease associated with D. musculi appears to be genotype-specific. This pattern was further exemplified in the second case, which involved NOD.Cg-Prkdc(scid)Il2r(tm1Wjl)/SzJ (NSG) and C;129S4 Rag2(tm1.1Flv) Il2rg(tm1.1Flv)/J mice with varying degrees of blepharitis, conjunctivitis, and facial pruritis. Topical amitraz decreased mite burden but did not eliminate infestation or markedly ameliorate clinical signs. Furthermore, mite burden began to increase by 1 mo posttreatment, suggesting that topical amitraz is an ineffective treatment for D. musculi. These experiences illustrate the need for vigilance regarding opportunistic and uncommon pathogens in rodent colonies, especially among mice with immunologic deficits.
Fatal Meningitis in Swine After Intrathecal Administration of Adeno-associated Virus Expressing Syngeneic Interleukin-10 Molecular Therapy : the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy. Aug, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28822691 Interleukin-10 (IL-10) delivered by intrathecal (i.t.) gene vectors is a candidate investigational new drug (IND) for several chronic neurological disorders such as neuropathic pain. We performed a preclinical safety study of IL-10. A syngeneic large animal model was used delivering porcine IL-10 (pIL-10) to the i.t. space in swine by adeno-associated virus serotype 8 (AAV8), a gene vector that was previously found to be nontoxic in the i.t. space. Unexpectedly, animals became ill, developing ataxia, seizures, and an inability to feed and drink, and required euthanasia. Necropsy demonstrated lymphocytic meningitis without evidence of infection in the presence of normal laboratory findings for body fluids and normal histopathology of peripheral organs. Results were replicated in a second animal cohort by a team of independent experimenters. An extensive infectious disease and neuropathology workup consisting of comprehensive testing of tissues and body fluids in a specialized research veterinary pathology environment did not identify a pathogen. These observations raise the concern that i.t. IL-10 therapy may not be benign, that previously used xenogeneic models testing the human homolog of IL-10 may not have been sensitive enough to detect toxicity, and that additional preclinical studies may be needed before clinical testing of IL-10 can be considered.