Articles by Joyce Dits in JoVE
Three Dimensional Vestibular Ocular Reflex Testing Using a Six Degrees of Freedom Motion Platform Joyce Dits1, Mark M.J. Houben2, Johannes van der Steen1 1Department of Neuroscience, Erasmus MC, 2TNO Human Factors A method is described to measure three-dimensional vestibulo ocular reflexes (3D VOR) in humans using a six degrees of freedom (6DF) motion simulator. The gain and misalignment of the 3D angular VOR provide a direct measure of the quality of vestibular function. Representative data on healthy subjects are provided
Other articles by Joyce Dits on PubMed
Peaks and Troughs of Three-dimensional Vestibulo-ocular Reflex in Humans Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO. Sep, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20177730 The three-dimensional vestibulo-ocular reflex (3D VOR) ideally generates compensatory ocular rotations not only with a magnitude equal and opposite to the head rotation but also about an axis that is collinear with the head rotation axis. Vestibulo-ocular responses only partially fulfill this ideal behavior. Because animal studies have shown that vestibular stimulation about particular axes may lead to suboptimal compensatory responses, we investigated in healthy subjects the peaks and troughs in 3D VOR stabilization in terms of gain and alignment of the 3D vestibulo-ocular response. Six healthy upright sitting subjects underwent whole body small amplitude sinusoidal and constant acceleration transients delivered by a six-degree-of-freedom motion platform. Subjects were oscillated about the vertical axis and about axes in the horizontal plane varying between roll and pitch at increments of 22.5 degrees in azimuth. Transients were delivered in yaw, roll, and pitch and in the vertical canal planes. Eye movements were recorded in with 3D search coils. Eye coil signals were converted to rotation vectors, from which we calculated gain and misalignment. During horizontal axis stimulation, systematic deviations were found. In the light, misalignment of the 3D VOR had a maximum misalignment at about 45 degrees . These deviations in misalignment can be explained by vector summation of the eye rotation components with a low gain for torsion and high gain for vertical. In the dark and in response to transients, gain of all components had lower values. Misalignment in darkness and for transients had different peaks and troughs than in the light: its minimum was during pitch axis stimulation and its maximum during roll axis stimulation. We show that the relatively large misalignment for roll in darkness is due to a horizontal eye movement component that is only present in darkness. In combination with the relatively low torsion gain, this horizontal component has a relative large effect on the alignment of the eye rotation axis with respect to the head rotation axis.
Binocular Eye Movement Control and Motion Perception: What is Being Tracked? Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Oct, 2012 | Pubmed ID: 22997286 We investigated under what conditions humans can make independent slow phase eye movements. The ability to make independent movements of the two eyes generally is attributed to few specialized lateral eyed animal species, for example chameleons. In our study, we showed that humans also can move the eyes in different directions. To maintain binocular retinal correspondence independent slow phase movements of each eye are produced.
Version-vergence Interactions During Memory-guided Binocular Gaze Shifts Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 2013 | Pubmed ID: 23404114 Visual orientation toward remembered or visible visual targets requires binocular gaze shifts that are accurate in direction (version) and ocular distance (vergence). We determined the accuracy of combined version and vergence movements and the contribution of the abducting and adducting eye during gaze shifts toward memorized and visual targets in three-dimensional space.