Articles by Katharina Kern in JoVE
Continuous-wave Thulium Laser for Heating Cultured Cells to Investigate Cellular Thermal Effects Yoko Miura1,2,3, Joachim Pruessner1, Carla Lotta Mertineit1, Katharina Kern1, Michael Muenter1, Moritz Moltmann2, Veit Danicke2, Ralf Brinkmann1,2 1Institute of Biomedical Optics, University of Luebeck, 2Medical Laser Center Luebeck GmbH, University of Leubeck, 3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Luebeck An original experimental setup for heating cells in a culture dish using 1.94 µm continuous-wave laser radiation is introduced here. Using this method, the biological responses of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells after different thermal exposures can be investigated.
Other articles by Katharina Kern on PubMed
The Leukotriene B4 Receptors BLT1 and BLT2 Form an Antagonistic Sensitizing System in Peripheral Sensory Neurons The Journal of Biological Chemistry. Apr, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28242764 Sensitization of the heat-activated ion channel transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) through lipids is a fundamental mechanism during inflammation-induced peripheral sensitization. Leukotriene B4 is a proinflammatory lipid mediator whose role in peripheral nociceptive sensitization is not well understood to date. Two major G-protein-coupled receptors for leukotriene B4 have been identified: the high-affinity receptor BLT1 and the low-affinity receptor BLT2. Transcriptional screening for the expression G-protein-coupled receptors in murine dorsal root ganglia showed that both receptors were among the highest expressed in dorsal root ganglia. Calcium imaging revealed a sensitization of TRPV1-mediated calcium increases in a relative narrow concentration range for leukotriene B4 (100-200 nm). Selective antagonists and neurons from knock-out mice demonstrated a BLT1-dependent sensitization of TRPV1-mediated calcium increases. Accordingly, leukotriene B4-induced thermal hyperalgesia was mediated through BLT1 and TRPV1 as shown using the respective knock-out mice. Importantly, higher leukotriene B4 concentrations (>0.5 μm) and BLT2 agonists abolished sensitization of the TRPV1-mediated calcium increases. Also, BLT2 activation inhibited protein kinase C- and protein kinase A-mediated sensitization processes through the phosphatase calcineurin. Consequently, a selective BLT2-receptor agonist increased thermal and mechanical withdrawal thresholds during zymosan-induced inflammation. In accordance with these data, immunohistochemical analysis showed that both leukotriene B4 receptors were expressed in peripheral sensory neurons. Thus, the data show that the two leukotriene B4 receptors have opposing roles in the sensitization of peripheral sensory neurons forming a self-restricting system.
CD200 Selectively Upregulates Prostaglandin E2 and D2 Synthesis in LPS-treated Bone Marrow-derived Macrophages Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators. Jun, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28583890 The CD200/CD200R signalling pathway downregulates the synthesis of proinflammatory mediators and induces the synthesis of antiinflammatory mediators in macrophages and microglia. However, very little is known about the effect of this immunosuppressive pathway on the synthesis of lipid mediators. Therefore, we determined the synthesis of 35 lipids spanning 5 different lipid families in bone marrow-derived macrophages, which were treated with interleukin (IL) 4, IL10, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or interferon γ (IFNγ) in absence and presence of CD200. Out of these conditions the only significant effect of CD200 was an increased synthesis of prostaglandin (PG) E2 and D2 in the presence of LPS. Accordingly, mRNA levels of cyclooxygenase-2, microsomal PGE2 synthase-1 and hematopoietic PGD synthase were upregulated by CD200 in presence of LPS. During Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA-) induced inflammation mPGES-1 was expressed in monocyte-derived macrophages and its expression was stronger in CD200R-positive than in CD200R-negative macrophages.