Articles by Kevin T. Sheets in JoVE
Image-Guided Resection of Glioblastoma and Intracranial Implantation of Therapeutic Stem Cell-seeded Scaffolds Kevin T. Sheets1, Juli R. Bagó1, Ivory L. Paulk1, Shawn D. Hingtgen1,2 1Division of Pharmacoengineering and Molecular Pharmaceutics, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Tumor-seeking therapeutic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show promise as a treatment for invasive glioblastoma. Optimal transplantation involves delivery of MSCs into the tumor resection cavity on scaffolds. Here, preclinical techniques to study MSC treatment of glioblastoma are provided including: image-guided tumor resection; implantation of MSC-seeded scaffolds; and postoperative therapy tracking.
Other articles by Kevin T. Sheets on PubMed
Neural Stem Cell Therapy for Cancer Methods (San Diego, Calif.). Apr, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 26314280 Cancers of the brain remain one of the greatest medical challenges. Traditional surgery and chemo-radiation therapy are unable to eradicate diffuse cancer cells and tumor recurrence is nearly inevitable. In contrast to traditional regenerative medicine applications, engineered neural stem cells (NSCs) are emerging as a promising new therapeutic strategy for cancer therapy. The tumor-homing properties allow NSCs to access both primary and invasive tumor foci, creating a novel delivery platform. NSCs engineered with a wide array of cytotoxic agents have been found to significantly reduce tumor volumes and markedly extend survival in preclinical models. With the recent launch of new clinical trials, the potential to successfully manage cancer in human patients with cytotoxic NSC therapy is moving closer to becoming a reality.
Sustained Delivery of Doxorubicin Via Acetalated Dextran Scaffold Prevents Glioblastoma Recurrence After Surgical Resection Molecular Pharmaceutics. Mar, 2018 | Pubmed ID: 29342360 The primary cause of mortality for glioblastoma (GBM) is local tumor recurrence following standard-of-care therapies, including surgical resection. With most tumors recurring near the site of surgical resection, local delivery of chemotherapy at the time of surgery is a promising strategy. Herein drug-loaded polymer scaffolds with two distinct degradation profiles were fabricated to investigate the effect of local drug delivery rate on GBM recurrence following surgical resection. The novel biopolymer, acetalated dextran (Ace-DEX), was compared with commercially available polyester, poly(l-lactide) (PLA). Steady-state doxorubicin (DXR) release from Ace-DEX scaffolds was found to be faster when compared with scaffolds composed of PLA, in vitro. This increased drug release rate translated to improved therapeutic outcomes in a novel surgical model of orthotopic glioblastoma resection and recurrence. Mice treated with DXR-loaded Ace-DEX scaffolds (Ace-DEX/10DXR) resulted in 57% long-term survival out to study completion at 120 days compared with 20% survival following treatment with DXR-loaded PLA scaffolds (PLA/10DXR). Additionally, all mice treated with PLA/10DXR scaffolds exhibited disease progression by day 38, as defined by a 5-fold growth in tumor bioluminescent signal. In contrast, 57% of mice treated with Ace-DEX/10DXR scaffolds displayed a reduction in tumor burden, with 43% exhibiting complete remission. These results underscore the importance of polymer choice and drug release rate when evaluating local drug delivery strategies to improve prognosis for GBM patients undergoing tumor resection.