Articles by Kevin van Doorn in JoVE
Other articles by Kevin van Doorn on PubMed
Optical Quality Changes of the Ocular Lens During Induced Parr-to-smolt Metamorphosis in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss). Ocular Lens Optical Quality During Induced Salmonid Metamorphosis Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology. Jul, 2005 | Pubmed ID: 15886991 The effect of an induced salmonid parr-to-smolt metamorphosis ('smoltification') on the optical quality of the ocular lens was studied. In two separate experiments, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) parr were fed thyroxine in their diet to induce the metamorphosis. Lenses were excised at regular samplings during the treatment period and optically scanned using a custom scanning laser monitor. Radioimmunoassay was used to measure serum titers of thyroxine and 3,5,3'-triiodo-L: -thyronine. It was found that lens optical quality was consistently negatively correlated with 3,5,3'-triiodo-L: -thyronine levels, but not with thyroxine levels. To test if thyroid hormones are directly responsible for the change in optical quality, rainbow trout lenses were cultured for 72 h in a medium containing 3,5,3'-triiodo-L: -thyronine, but no effect was observed. The significance of these findings in the contexts of the fishes' visual capabilities and smolting physiology is discussed.
Blood Flow Dynamics in the Snake Spectacle The Journal of Experimental Biology. Nov, 2013 | Pubmed ID: 24172887 The eyes of snakes are shielded beneath a layer of transparent integument referred to as the 'reptilian spectacle'. Well adapted to vision by virtue of its optical transparency, it nevertheless retains one characteristic of the integument that would otherwise prove detrimental to vision: its vascularity. Given the potential consequence of spectacle blood vessels on visual clarity, one might expect adaptations to have evolved that mitigate their negative impact. Earlier research demonstrated an adaptation to their spatial layout in only one species to reduce the vessels' density in the region serving the foveal and binocular visual fields. Here, we present a study of spectacle blood flow dynamics and provide evidence of a mechanism to mitigate the spectacle blood vessels' deleterious effect on vision by regulation of blood flow through them. It was found that when snakes are at rest and undisturbed, spectacle vessels undergo cycles of dilation and constriction, such that the majority of the time the vessels are fully constricted, effectively removing them from the visual field. When snakes are presented with a visual threat, spectacle vessels constrict and remain constricted for longer periods than occur during the resting cycles, thus guaranteeing the best possible visual capabilities in times of need. Finally, during the snakes' renewal phase when they are generating a new stratum corneum, the resting cycle is abolished, spectacle vessels remain dilated and blood flow remains strong and continuous. The significance of these findings in terms of the visual capabilities and physiology of snakes is discussed.