Other Publications (1)
Articles by Ksenia Gnedeva in JoVE
Three-dimensional Organotypic Cultures of Vestibular and Auditory Sensory Organs Ksenia Gnedeva1,2, A. J. Hudspeth3, Neil Segil1,2 1Department of Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 2Caruso Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 3Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Laboratory of Sensory Neuroscience, The Rockefeller University Three-dimensional organotypic cultures of the murine utricle and cochlea in optically clear collagen I gels preserve innate tissue morphology, allow for mechanical stimulation through adjustment of matrix stiffness, and permit virus-mediated gene delivery.
Other articles by Ksenia Gnedeva on PubMed
Elastic Force Restricts Growth of the Murine Utricle ELife. 07, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28742024 Dysfunctions of hearing and balance are often irreversible in mammals owing to the inability of cells in the inner ear to proliferate and replace lost sensory receptors. To determine the molecular basis of this deficiency we have investigated the dynamics of growth and cellular proliferation in a murine vestibular organ, the utricle. Based on this analysis, we have created a theoretical model that captures the key features of the organ's morphogenesis. Our experimental data and model demonstrate that an elastic force opposes growth of the utricular sensory epithelium during development, confines cellular proliferation to the organ's periphery, and eventually arrests its growth. We find that an increase in cellular density and the subsequent degradation of the transcriptional cofactor Yap underlie this process. A reduction in mechanical constraints results in accumulation and nuclear translocation of Yap, which triggers proliferation and restores the utricle's growth; interfering with Yap's activity reverses this effect.