Articles by Kyle S. Martin in JoVE
Murine Spinotrapezius Model to Assess the Impact of Arteriolar Ligation on Microvascular Function and Remodeling Alexander Michael Guendel*1, Kyle S. Martin*1, Joshua Cutts2, Patricia L. Foley3, Alexander M. Bailey1, Feilim Mac Gabhann4, Trevor R. Cardinal2, Shayn M. Peirce1 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, California Polytechnic State University, 3Office of Animal Welfare, University of Virginia, 4Department of Biomedical Engineering & Institute for Computational Medicine, Johns Hopkins University We demonstrate a novel arterial ligation model in murine spinotrapezius muscle, including a step-by-step procedure and description of required instrumentation. We describe the surgery and relevant outcome measurements relating to vascular network remodeling and functional vasodilation using intravital and confocal microscopy.
Other articles by Kyle S. Martin on PubMed
Is Immunohistochemistry a Useful Tool in the Postmortem Recognition of Myocardial Hypoxia in Human Tissue with No Morphological Evidence of Necrosis? The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology. Mar, 2002 | Pubmed ID: 11953500 Myocytes in the border zone of myocardial infarction are under severe hypoxia without characteristic morphology of necrosis, and show ultrastructural features similar to those seen within the first hours after coronary occlusion. This study was carried out to evaluate the possibility that immunohistochemical methods could be used for the early diagnosis of myocardial infarction by detecting areas of hypoxia. Nineteen human sections of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded myocardial samples showing a necrotic area and its border were submitted to immunohistochemical staining with the markers antimuscle actin, antimyoglobin, antitroponin T, antifibronectin, and anticomplement component C9. Sections were also subjected to azan trichrome and hematoxylin-basic fuchsin-picric (HBFP) staining techniques. Immunohistochemistry and azan trichrome showed that in the border zone there was a pattern of reaction intermediate between the infarcted area and the normal myocardium. The HBFP failed to distinguish these two areas. In conclusion, immunohistochemistry and azan trichrome can recognize myocardial hypoxia. Because hypoxia is an invariable condition in infarction, these techniques can be used to confirm suspected cases of myocardial infarction in which necrosis is not yet evident. However, considering that agonal states may be associated with generalized hypoxia, further studies are needed to confirm the reliability of this procedure in the earlier phases of myocardial infarction.