Articles by Laurie Love-Homan in JoVE
In vivo avbildning av Transgena Leishmania parasiter i ett Live-värd Colin J. Thalhofer1, Joel W. Graff2, Laurie Love-Homan3, Suzanne M. Hickerson4, Noah Craft5, Stephen M. Beverley4, Mary E. Wilson6,7 1Interdisciplinary Immunology Program, University of Iowa, and the VA Medical Center, 2Department of Biochemistry, University of Iowa, and the VA Medical Center, 3Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, 4Department of Molecular Microbiology, Washington University School of Medicine, 5Division of Dermatology, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Hanley-Hardison Research Center, 6Interdisciplinary Immunology Program, Iowa City VA Medical Center, 7Departments of Internal Medicine, Microbiology and Epidemiology, University of Iowa En
Other articles by Laurie Love-Homan on PubMed
Dehydroepiandrosterone Inhibits Intracellular Calcium Release in Beta-cells by a Plasma Membrane-dependent Mechanism Steroids. Aug, 2006 | Pubmed ID: 16725167 Both dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and DHEA sulfate (DHEAS) affect glucose stimulated insulin secretion, though their cellular mechanisms of action are not well characterized. We tested the hypothesis that human physiological concentrations of DHEA alter insulin secretion by an action initiated at the plasma membrane of beta-cells. DHEA alone had no effect on intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in a rat beta-cell line (INS-1). However, it caused an immediate and dose-dependent inhibition of carbachol-induced Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores, with a 25% inhibition at zero. One nanometer DHEA. DHEA also inhibited the Ca(2+) mobilizing effect of bombesin (29% decrease), but did not inhibit the influx of extracellular Ca(2+) evoked by glyburide (100 microM) or glucose (15 mM). The steroids (androstenedione, 17-alpha-hydroxypregnenolone, and DHEAS) had no inhibitory effect on carbachol-induced intracellular Ca(2+) release. The action of DHEA depended on a signal initiated at the plasma membrane, since membrane impermeant DHEA-BSA complexes also inhibited the carbachol effect on [Ca(2+)](i) (39% decrease). The inhibition of carbachol-induced Ca(2+) release by DHEA was blocked by pertussis toxin (PTX). DHEA also inhibited the carbachol induction of phosphoinositide generation, with a maximal inhibition at 0.1 nM DHEA. Furthermore, DHEA inhibited insulin secretion induced by carbachol in INS-1 cells by 25%, and in human pancreatic islets by 53%. Taken together, this is the first report showing that human physiological concentrations of DHEA decrease agonist-induced Ca(2+) release by a rapid, non-genomic mechanism in INS-1 cells. Furthermore, these data provide evidence consistent with the existence of a specific plasma membrane DHEA receptor, mediating this signal transduction pathway by pertussis toxin-sensitive G-proteins.
Evaluation of a Novel Photoactive and Biotinylated Dehydroepiandrosterone Analog Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. Oct, 2010 | Pubmed ID: 20670672 To characterize the cell surface receptor for dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), we synthesized a DHEA analog containing biotin and benzophenone groups (DHEA-BP-Bt). DHEA-BP-Bt was equipotent with DHEA in competing with [(3)H]DHEA for binding to solubilized plasma membranes of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Additionally, DHEA-BP-Bt pre-conjugated to avidin and immobilized on agarose, also inhibited plasma membrane binding of [(3)H]DHEA. Furthermore, DHEA-BP-Bt activated endothelial nitric oxide synthase, similar to DHEA. Confocal micrographs showed that, upon photoirradiation, DHEA-BP-Bt bound to sites on the cell surface of BAEC in a DHEA inhibitable manner. Finally, DHEA-BP-Bt bound specifically to proteins of approximately 55 kDa and 80 kDa, either when live cells were UV irradiated with the analog and plasma membrane proteins separated by SDS-PAGE or in a ligand blot analysis. These data confirm the successful synthesis of a photoactive, biotinylated DHEA analog which is capable of cross-linking to and identifying plasma membrane DHEA binding sites and which will allow us to further purify this receptor.
Leukocytes Infiltrate the Skin and Draining Lymph Nodes in Response to the Protozoan Leishmania Infantum Chagasi Infection and Immunity. Jan, 2011 | Pubmed ID: 20937764 The vector-borne protozoan Leishmania infantum chagasi causes minimal inflammation after inoculation into skin but disseminates to cause fatal visceral leishmaniasis. To define the inflammatory response at the parasite inoculation site, we introduced metacyclic L. infantum chagasi promastigotes intradermally into BALB/c mouse ears and studied inflammatory cells over 7 days. Ly6G(+) neutrophils rapidly infiltrated the dermis, peaking after 6 to 24 h. Macrophages and NK cells next infiltrated the dermis, and NK followed by B cells expanded in draining lymph nodes. Parasite-containing phagocytes were tracked with fluorescent mCherry-labeled L. infantum chagasi. Ly6G(+) neutrophils contained the greatest proportion of intracellular parasites 6 to 24 h after inoculation, whereas dermal macrophages harbored the majority of intracellular parasites after 2 to 7 days. These observations were validated microscopically. Low doses of antibody transiently depleted mice of neutrophils, leaving other cells intact. Combined results of in vivo imaging, flow cytometry, and quantitative PCR showed that neutrophil depletion slowed the clearance of extracellular (luciferase-positive) promastigotes during the first 24 h after inoculation yet decreased the numbers of leukocytes containing intracellular (mCherry-positive) parasites. From 3 days onward, total L. infantum chagasi-containing dermal leukocytes and total L. infantum chagasi parasites in draining lymph nodes were similar in both groups. Nonetheless, a second wave of L. infantum chagasi-containing neutrophils occurred 7 days after parasite inoculation into neutrophil-depleted mice, corresponding to the time of neutrophil recovery. Thus, neutrophils were recruited to the dermis even late after inoculation, and L. infantum chagasi trafficked through neutrophils in both neutrophil-depleted and control mice, albeit with different kinetics. Recruitment of neutrophils and transient parasite residence in neutrophils may play a role in nonulcerative forms of leishmaniasis.