Articles by Marc Comet in JoVE
Nanothermite with Meringue-like Morphology: From Loose Powder to Ultra-porous Objects Cédric Martin1, Marc Comet1, Fabien Schnell1, Denis Spitzer1 1NS3E Laboratory, UMR 3208 ISL-CNRS-UNISTRA, French-German Research Institute of Saint-Louis (ISL) This manuscript describes the synthesis of combustible aluminophosphate matrices by the reaction of orthophosphoric acid (H3PO4) with aluminum nanopowder. When this reaction is carried out with excess aluminum in the presence of tungsten trioxide nanopowder, it leads to a solid, porous nanothermite foam.
Other articles by Marc Comet on PubMed
Nanodiamond for Tuning the Properties of Energetic Composites Journal of Hazardous Materials. | Pubmed ID: 26184802 Bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) particles were coated by detonation nanodiamonds. The resulting nanocomposite materials were mixed with an aluminum nanopowder (≈ 100 nm) to prepare nanothermites, with reduced sensitivity to friction and electrostatic discharge (ESD). The use of nanodiamond for this purpose is reported here for the first time. Their numerous qualities such as their small size, antifriction properties and thermal conductivity make them ideal candidates. Small amounts of detonation nanodiamonds allow obtaining impressive desensitization, making thus modified Bi2O3/Al nanothermite safe to handle. A composition containing around 1 wt.% of nanodiamond has a sensitivity threshold to friction superior to 100 N instead of 5 N for the thermite without nanodiamond. Furthermore, the sensitivity threshold to electrostatic discharge increases to 20 times when the nanodiamond content reaches 1.8 wt.%. The antifriction properties of nanodiamond limit the scratching of Bi2O3 surface by Al particles. The desensitization to ESD is observed for a sufficient coverage of the oxide particles (1.8 wt.% of ND), which restrains the effect of the melt dispersion mechanism of aluminum and prevents the mixing of the oxidizing and the reducing parts of the composites. A good reactivity of the thermite could be maintained for nanodiamond content up to 2.6 wt.%. The carburizing of aluminum coming on contact with nanodiamond during the thermite reaction could be evidenced by X-ray Diffraction and calorimetry measurements and also participates to the desensitization of the nanothermite. This kind of desensitization by using detonation nanodiamond can also be applied to other nanothermites having low sensitivity threshold to friction and ESD.
Aluminum Nanopowder: A Substance to Be Handled with Care Journal of Hazardous Materials. | Pubmed ID: 28850912 Aluminum nanopowders are increasingly used in various areas of research in materials and physical chemistry. Their unconventional properties are still little understood and make their handling sometimes quite hazardous. In this article, we report the case of apparently benign mixtures of Al with sulfuric acid (H2SO4), which violently explode when they are exposed to a flame. The explosions of 100mg samples were observed by high speed video (60000fr/s). These experiments have showed a three-step mechanism, in which the primary hydrogen combustion ignites and disperses the nano-Al/H2SO4 paste in clusters with high velocities (∼100m/s). The combustion of the paste increases the hydrogen release and initiates the explosion of the H2/air mixture, which propagates at high velocities (760-1060m/s). This effect was not observed with micron-sized Al powders, and it is a good illustration of new hazards with nano-Al. Extreme caution is hence recommended to chemists who handle such materials.