Articles by Marie Darche in JoVE
Using Adeno-associated Virus as a Tool to Study Retinal Barriers in Disease Ophélie Vacca1,2,3, Brahim El Mathari1,2,3, Marie Darche1,2,3, José-Alain Sahel1,2,3, Alvaro Rendon1,2,3, Deniz Dalkara1,2,3 1Department of Therapeutics, Institut de la Vision, Sorbonne Universtés, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, 2INSERM, U968, 3CNRS, UMR_7210 To investigate the blood-retinal barrier permeability and the inner limiting membrane integrity in animal models of retinal disease, we used several adeno-associated virus (AAV) variants as tools to label retinal neurons and glia. Virus mediated reporter gene expression is then used as an indicator of retinal barrier permeability.
Other articles by Marie Darche on PubMed
AAV-mediated Gene Delivery in Dp71-null Mouse Model with Compromised Barriers Glia. Mar, 2014 | Pubmed ID: 24382652 Formation and maintenance of the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) is required for proper vision and breaching of this barrier contributes to the pathology in a wide variety of retinal conditions such as retinal detachment and diabetic retinopathy. Dystrophin Dp71 being a key membrane cytoskeletal protein, expressed mainly in Müller cells, its absence has been related to BRB permeability through delocalization and down-regulation of the AQP4 and Kir4.1 channels. Dp71-null mouse is thus an excellent model to approach the study of retinal pathologies showing blood-retinal barrier permeability. We aimed to investigate the participation of Müller cells in the BRB and in the inner limiting membrane of Dp71-null mice compared with wild-type mice in order to understand how these barriers work in this model of permeable BRB. To this aim, we used an Adeno-associated virus (AAV) variant, ShH10-GFP, engineered to target Müller cells specifically. ShH10 coding GFP was introduced by intravitreal injection and Müller cell transduction was studied in Dp71-null mice in comparison to wild-type animals. We show that Müller cell transduction follows a significantly different pattern in Dp71-null mice indicating changes in viral cell-surface receptors as well as differences in the permeability of the inner limiting membrane in this mouse line. However, the compromised BRB of the Dp71-null mice does not lead to virus leakage into the bloodstream when the virus is injected intravitreally - an important consideration for AAV-mediated retinal gene therapy.
Lack of Dystrophin Protein Dp71 Results in Progressive Cataract Formation Due to Loss of Fiber Cell Organization Molecular Vision. 2014 | Pubmed ID: 25489223 Dp71 is the main product of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene in the central nervous system. While studying the impact of its absence on retinal functions, we discovered that mice lacking Dp71 also developed a progressive opacification of the crystalline lens. The purpose of this study was to perform a detailed characterization of the cataract formation in Dp71 knockout (KO-Dp71) mice.