Articles by Masaomi Kurokawa in JoVE
Precise, High-throughput Analysis of Bacterial Growth Masaomi Kurokawa1, Bei-Wen Ying1,2 1Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 2Institute of Biology and Information Science, East China Normal University Quantitative evaluation of bacterial growth is essential to understanding microbial physiology as a systems-level phenomenon. A protocol for experimental manipulation and an analytical approach are introduced, allowing for precise, high-throughput analysis of bacterial growth, which is a key subject of interest in systems biology.
Other articles by Masaomi Kurokawa on PubMed
Correlation Between Genome Reduction and Bacterial Growth DNA Research : an International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes. Dec, 2016 | Pubmed ID: 27374613 Genome reduction by removing dispensable genomic sequences in bacteria is commonly used in both fundamental and applied studies to determine the minimal genetic requirements for a living system or to develop highly efficient bioreactors. Nevertheless, whether and how the accumulative loss of dispensable genomic sequences disturbs bacterial growth remains unclear. To investigate the relationship between genome reduction and growth, a series of Escherichia coli strains carrying genomes reduced in a stepwise manner were used. Intensive growth analyses revealed that the accumulation of multiple genomic deletions caused decreases in the exponential growth rate and the saturated cell density in a deletion-length-dependent manner as well as gradual changes in the patterns of growth dynamics, regardless of the growth media. Accordingly, a perspective growth model linking genome evolution to genome engineering was proposed. This study provides the first demonstration of a quantitative connection between genomic sequence and bacterial growth, indicating that growth rate is potentially associated with dispensable genomic sequences.
Coordinated Changes in Mutation and Growth Rates Induced by Genome Reduction MBio. Jul, 2017 | Pubmed ID: 28679744 Genome size is determined during evolution, but it can also be altered by genetic engineering in laboratories. The systematic characterization of reduced genomes provides valuable insights into the cellular properties that are quantitatively described by the global parameters related to the dynamics of growth and mutation. In the present study, we analyzed a small collection of W3110 Escherichia coli derivatives containing either the wild-type genome or reduced genomes of various lengths to examine whether the mutation rate, a global parameter representing genomic plasticity, was affected by genome reduction. We found that the mutation rates of these cells increased with genome reduction. The correlation between genome length and mutation rate, which has been reported for the evolution of bacteria, was also identified, intriguingly, for genome reduction. Gene function enrichment analysis indicated that the deletion of many of the genes encoding membrane and transport proteins play a role in the mutation rate changes mediated by genome reduction. Furthermore, the increase in the mutation rate with genome reduction was highly associated with a decrease in the growth rate in a nutrition-dependent manner; thus, poorer media showed a larger change that was of higher significance. This negative correlation was strongly supported by experimental evidence that the serial transfer of the reduced genome improved the growth rate and reduced the mutation rate to a large extent. Taken together, the global parameters corresponding to the genome, growth, and mutation showed a coordinated relationship, which might be an essential working principle for balancing the cellular dynamics appropriate to the environment.IMPORTANCE Genome reduction is a powerful approach for investigating the fundamental rules for living systems. Whether genetically disturbed genomes have any specific properties that are different from or similar to those of natively evolved genomes has been under investigation. In the present study, we found that Escherichia coli cells with reduced genomes showed accelerated nucleotide substitution errors (mutation rates), although these cells retained the normal DNA mismatch repair systems. Intriguingly, this finding of correlation between reduced genome size and a higher mutation rate was consistent with the reported evolution of mutation rates. Furthermore, the increased mutation rate was quantitatively associated with a decreased growth rate, indicating that the global parameters related to the genome, growth, and mutation, which represent the amount of genetic information, the efficiency of propagation, and the fidelity of replication, respectively, are dynamically coordinated.