In JoVE (1)

Other Publications (3)

Articles by Micaela Ricca in JoVE

Other articles by Micaela Ricca on PubMed

Targeting MEK/MAPK Signal Transduction Module Potentiates ATO-induced Apoptosis in Multiple Myeloma Cells Through Multiple Signaling Pathways

Blood. Sep, 2008  |  Pubmed ID: 18583568

We demonstrate that blockade of the MEK/ERK signaling module, using the small-molecule inhibitors PD184352 or PD325901 (PD), strikingly enhances arsenic trioxide (ATO)-induced cytotoxicity in human myeloma cell lines (HMCLs) and in tumor cells from patients with multiple myeloma (MM) through a caspase-dependent mechanism. In HMCLs retaining a functional p53, PD treatment greatly enhances the ATO-induced p53 accumulation and p73, a p53 paralog, cooperates with p53 in caspase activation and apoptosis induction. In HMCLs carrying a nonfunctional p53, cotreatment with PD strikingly elevates the (DR4 + DR5)/(DcR1 + DcR2) tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors ratio and caspase-8 activation of ATO-treated cells. In MM cells, irrespective of p53 status, the combined PD/ATO treatment increases the level of the proapoptotic protein Bim (PD-mediated) and decreases antiapoptotic protein Mcl-1 (ATO-mediated). Moreover, Bim physically interacts with both DR4 and DR5 TRAIL receptors in PD/ATO-treated cells, and loss of Bim interferes with the activation of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways in response to PD/ATO. Finally, PD/ATO treatment induces tumor regression, prolongs survival, and is well tolerated in vivo in a human plasmacytoma xenograft model. These preclinical studies provide the framework for testing PD325901 and ATO combination therapy in clinical trials aimed to improve patient outcome in MM.

Intravenous Administration of Multipotent Stromal Cells Prevents the Onset of Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis in Obese Mice with Metabolic Syndrome

Journal of Hepatology. Nov, 2011  |  Pubmed ID: 21356258

Metabolic syndrome is secondary to obesity and characterized by dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and hypertension. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is its hepatic manifestation, whose progression-limiting step is non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The latter is characterized by lipid accumulation, hepatocyte damage, leukocyte infiltration, and fibrosis. NASH is a prodrome to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) have been shown to be immunomodulatory and contribute to liver regeneration in acute failure conditions. Our aim was to evaluate whether MSC administration prevents the onset of NASH in obese mice with metabolic syndrome.

The Antidiabetic Effect of Mesenchymal Stem Cells is Unrelated to Their Transdifferentiation Potential but to Their Capability to Restore Th1/Th2 Balance and to Modify the Pancreatic Microenvironment

Stem Cells (Dayton, Ohio). Aug, 2012  |  Pubmed ID: 22644660

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic metabolic disease that results from cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing cells. In T1DM animal models, it has been shown that the systemic administration of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells, also referred as to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), results in the regeneration of pancreatic islets. Mechanisms underlying this effect are still poorly understood. Our aims were to assess whether donor MSCs (a) differentiate into pancreatic β-cells and (b) modify systemic and pancreatic pathophysiologic markers of T1DM. After the intravenous administration of 5 × 10(5) syngeneic MSCs, we observed that mice with T1DM reverted their hyperglycemia and presented no donor-derived insulin-producing cells. In contrast, 7 and 65 days post-transplantation, MSCs were engrafted into secondary lymphoid organs. This correlated with a systemic and local reduction in the abundance of autoaggressive T cells together with an increase in regulatory T cells. Additionally, in the pancreas of mice with T1DM treated with MSCs, we observed a cytokine profile shift from proinflammatory to antinflammatory. MSC transplantation did not reduce pancreatic cell apoptosis but recovered local expression and increased the circulating levels of epidermal growth factor, a pancreatic trophic factor. Therefore, the antidiabetic effect of MSCs intravenously administered is unrelated to their transdifferentiation potential but to their capability to restore the balance between Th1 and Th2 immunological responses along with the modification of the pancreatic microenvironment. Our data should be taken into account when designing clinical trials aimed to evaluate MSC transplantation in patients with T1DM since the presence of endogenous precursors seems to be critical in order to restore glycemic control.

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