Articles by Michelle Karl in JoVE
Mammalian Cell Division in 3D Matrices via Quantitative Confocal Reflection Microscopy Lijuan He*1,2, Alexandra Sneider*1, Weitong Chen1, Michelle Karl1, Vishnu Prasath3, Pei-Hsun Wu1,2, Gunnar Mattson3, Denis Wirtz1,2,4 1Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, 2Johns Hopkins Physical Sciences - Oncology Center, Johns Hopkins University, 3Department of Biomedical Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, 4Departments of Oncology and Pathology and Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine This protocol efficiently studies mammalian cell division in 3D collagen matrices by integrating synchronization of cell division, monitoring of division events in 3D matrices using live-cell imaging technique, time-resolved confocal reflection microscopy and quantitative imaging analysis.
Other articles by Michelle Karl on PubMed
EB1 and Cytoplasmic Dynein Mediate Protrusion Dynamics for Efficient 3-dimensional Cell Migration FASEB Journal : Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. | Pubmed ID: 29097501 Microtubules have long been implicated to play an integral role in metastatic disease, for which a critical step is the local invasion of tumor cells into the 3-dimensional (3D) collagen-rich stromal matrix. Here we show that cell migration of human cancer cells uses the dynamic formation of highly branched protrusions that are composed of a microtubule core surrounded by cortical actin, a cytoskeletal organization that is absent in cells on 2-dimensional (2D) substrates. Microtubule plus-end tracking protein End-binding 1 and motor protein dynein subunits light intermediate chain 2 and heavy chain 1, which do not regulate 2D migration, critically modulate 3D migration by affecting RhoA and thus regulate protrusion branching through differential assembly dynamics of microtubules. An important consequence of this observation is that the commonly used cancer drug paclitaxel is 100-fold more effective at blocking migration in a 3D matrix than on a 2D matrix. This work reveals the central role that microtubule dynamics plays in powering cell migration in a more pathologically relevant setting and suggests further testing of therapeutics targeting microtubules to mitigate migration.-Jayatilaka, H., Giri, A., Karl, M., Aifuwa, I., Trenton, N. J., Phillip, J. M., Khatau, S., Wirtz, D. EB1 and cytoplasmic dynein mediate protrusion dynamics for efficient 3-dimensional cell migration.