Articles by Mitchell Clarke in JoVE
How to Study Basement Membrane Stiffness as a Biophysical Trigger in Prostate Cancer and Other Age-related Pathologies or Metabolic Diseases Mercedes Rodriguez-Teja1, Claudia Breit2, Mitchell Clarke3, Kamil Talar3, Kai Wang3, Mohammad A. Mohammad3, Sage Pickwell3, Guillermina Etchandy1, Graeme J. Stasiuk3, Justin Sturge3 1Departamento de Genética, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República (UDELAR), 2Department of Mechanistic Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, 3School of Biological, Biomedical & Environmental Sciences, University of Hull Here we explain a protocol for modelling the biophysical microenvironment where crosslinking and increased stiffness of the basement membrane (BM) induced by advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) has pathological relevance.
Other articles by Mitchell Clarke on PubMed
Mesenchymal Stem Cells Inhibit Breast Cancer Cell Migration and Invasion Through Secretion of Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 and -2 Molecular Carcinogenesis. Oct, 2015 | Pubmed ID: 24819588 Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) form part of tumor stroma, and are typically considered to be pro-tumorigenic, promoting continuing tumor growth and metastasis. Here, we describe a mechanism by which MSCs may be anti-tumorigenic, through inhibition of breast cancer cell migration and invasion, an important part of metastasis. MDA-MB-231 and T47D cells were co-cultured in a Transwell insert above MSCs or MSC conditioned media and their migration or invasion through Matrigel measured. The conditioned media was found to inhibit breast cancer cell movement. TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), were identified as candidates for this inhibition and enhanced secretion of MMPs was not sufficient to counter the anti-migratory effects of TIMP expression. Inhibition of TIMP activity showed that TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 together were largely responsible for the reduction of migration and invasion by MSCs. Therefore, MSCs may play anti-tumorigenic, anti-metastatic roles in tumor development, with the overall outcome dependent upon the balance of pro-and anti-tumorigenic molecules secreted.